Publication: Female Entrepreneurs: How and Why Are They Different?
This paper reviews and critically evaluates existing evidence on female entrepreneurial activity. First, we identify how female-run businesses are different, by examining both economic and non-economic outcomes which are frequently overlooked. Second, we offer a comprehensive discussion of drivers to explain why these differences. We group these drivers in four categories: (i) preferences, (ii) endowments, (iv) external constraints, and (iv) internal constraints. Third, we review evidence on the types of policies that have been effective or have potential to address the different drivers. Finally, we offer a discussion of the gaps in the literature and identify areas for future research.
“Carranza, Eliana; Dhakal, Chandra; Love, Inessa. 2018. Female Entrepreneurs; Female Entrepreneurs : How and Why Are They Different?. Jobs Working Paper;No. 20. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/31004 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”