Browse 18,710 publications in 9 collections, 245 sub-collections
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These documents highlight the main messages and goals of the World Bank Group.
These surveys are conducted by polling agencies in countries that are clients of the World Bank to gather the views of stakeholders and other clients on the effectiveness of the World Bank and its programs in their country. Field work involves postal interviews, face-to-face interviews, and online interviews conducted over a course of several months.
Annual Reports of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, an institution of the World Bank Group. ICSID provides international facilities for conciliation and arbitration of investment disputes.
Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) publications assess what works, and what does not; how a client plans to run and maintain a project; and the lasting contribution of the World Bank Group to a country's overall development. The goals of evaluation are to learn from experience, to provide an objective basis for assessing the results of the World Bank Group's work, and to provide accountability in the achievement of its objectives. IEG superseded the former Operations Evaluation Department.
International Finance Corporation is a member of the World Bank Group. IFC’s purpose is to create opportunity for people to escape poverty and improve their lives by: promoting open and competitive markets in developing countries, supporting companies and other private sector partners where there is a gap, helping generate productive jobs and deliver essential services to the underserved, and catalyzing and mobilizing other sources of finance for private enterprise development. To achieve our purpose, IFC offers development impact solutions through firm-level interventions (direct investments, Advisory Services, and IFC Asset Management Company), standard setting, and business-enabling environment work.
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), which is part of the World Bank Group, provides political risk insurance or guarantees against losses caused by noncommercial risks to facilitate foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing countries. MIGA’s mission statement is “To promote foreign direct investment into developing countries to support economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve people’s lives.”
Each year, the Annual Report explores a challenge facing the developing world and how the World Bank is responding to help people help themselves. Recent themes have included technology, food prices, and the financial crisis, all within the framework of poverty reduction. Regional sections highlight the outcomes of Bank initiatives and present vignettes about how individuals are impacted positively by Bank work.
These books are formal publications, mostly published by the World Bank. This collection also includes external publications by allied organizations often with content by WB authors. Many are available in print.
The four corporate publications that are World Bank Group flagships are: the World Development Report (WDR); the Global Monitoring Report (GMR); Global Economic Prospects (GEP), and Doing Business (DB). All four go through a formal Bank-wide review and are discussed with the Board prior to their release. In terms of branding, the phrase “A World Bank Group Flagship Report” will be used exclusively on the cover of these publications. This label will signal that the institution assumes a higher level of responsibility for the positions held by these reports.
The goal of this series is to provide an objective basis for understanding and improving the regulatory environment for business. Each year, since the project began in 2003, Doing Business has presented a quantitative measure of regulations throughout the life cycle of small and medium-size domestic enterprises—key drivers of competition, growth, and job creation, especially in developing countries. This corporate flagship undergoes extensive internal and external review and is one of the key outputs of the International Finance Corporation and the World Bank.
Beginning in the summer of 2010, Global Economic Prospects became an electronic serial publication coming out twice a year. Global Economic Prospects provides an update on the state of the world economy from a developing country perspective. In addition to in-depth discussions of international financial and commodity markets, it includes six annexes covering regional economic developments and prospects, including country specific forecasts for over 120 developing economies. The section on Commodity Markets Outlook is now released as its own report, also contained in this collection.
Prepared jointly by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the Global Monitoring Report annual series provides an assessment of progress and priorities in the global development agenda, with a focus on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This corporate flagship undergoes extensive internal and external review and is one of the key outputs of the World Bank's Development Economics unit and the International Monetary Fund.
The World Bank’s World Development Report, published annually since 1978, is an invaluable guide to the economic, social, and environmental state of the world today. Each report provides in-depth analysis and policy recommendations on a specific and important aspect of development—from agriculture, the role of the state, transition economies, and labor to infrastructure, health, the environment, and poverty. Through the quality and timeliness of the information it provides, the report has become a highly influential publication that is used by many multilateral and bilateral international organizations, national governments, scholars, civil society networks and groups, and other global thought leaders to support their decision-making processes. This corporate flagship undergoes extensive internal and external review and is one of the key outputs of the World Bank's Development Economics unit.
This report, formerly known as Global Development Finance, is the World Bank’s annual review of global financial conditions facing developing countries. It provides monitoring and analysis of development finance, identifying key emerging trends and policy challenges in international financial flows that are likely to affect the growth prospects of those countries. This data publication is produced by the World Bank's Data Group.
These statistical references draw from World Development Indicators, providing country-specific pages on specific themes. These handy pocket guides are produced by the World Bank's Data Group.
This statistical reference is the World Bank’s premier annual compilation of the most current data about development. WDI offers regional data and income group analysis in six thematic sections: “World View,” “People,” “Environment,” “Economy,” “State and Markets,” and “Global Links.” It is produced by the World Bank's Data Group.
This collection displays handbooks, sourcebooks, and training manuals. It includes formal books displayed in other series collections, as well as many stand alone publications both formal and informal, including eLearning products.
This series of textbooks and sourcebooks provides material geared toward professional training in the field of international development. The World Bank disseminates its expert banking and project management knowledge through workshop programs that have been turned into such handbooks on a variety of topics. These books are provided in both print and electronic formats in order to foster an interactive learning environment for workshops and classrooms.
These are the top-level publications coming out of the regional and sector network vice presidencies of the World Bank.
In this World Bank annual on Africa, data from a variety of sources present a broad picture of development across the continent, illustrating what has worked, what has not, and what needs to be changed. In addition to reporting data for hundreds of development indicators, from inflation to climate change to HIV/AIDS, each Africa Development Indicators (ADI) focuses on a timely issue. This regional flagship undergoes extensive internal and external review and is one of the key outputs of the World Bank's Africa Region Vice Presidency.
This series features analytical reports on main challenges and opportunities faced by countries in the region, with the aim to inform a broad policy debate. Titles in this series undergo extensive internal and external review prior to publication.
This annual report serves as a vehicle for stimulating new thinking and research on anticipated structural changes in the global economic landscape. To retain this forward-looking orientation and serve the World Bank Group's mandate of development and poverty alleviation, this series focuses on themes of importance to the emerging development agenda and global economic governance. This corporate flagship undergoes extensive internal and external review and is one of the key outputs of the World Bank's Development Economics unit.
Global Financial Development Report is a new World Bank series that provides a unique contribution to financial sector policy debates, building on novel data, surveys, research, and wide-ranging country experience, with emphasis on emerging market and developing economies. Each report provides in-depth analysis and policy recommendations on a specific and important aspect of financial development. It also tracks financial systems in more than 200 economies before and during the global financial crisis. An accompanying website (www.worldbank.org/financialdevelopment) contains extensive datasets, research papers, and other background materials, as well as interactive features. The report and website will be of interest to and relevant for policy makers; staff of central banks, ministries of finance, and financial regulation agencies; nongovernmental organizations and donors; academics and other researchers and analysts; and members of the finance and development community.
This biennial report takes an in-depth look at how information and communication technology (ICT), and particularly broadband and mobile, are impacting economic growth in developing countries. The data section includes at-a-glance tables for 150 economies of the latest available data on ICT sector performance. Performance measures for access, affordability and applications in government and business are also introduced. This sectoral flagship undergoes extensive internal and external review and is one of the key outputs of the infoDev, a partnership of international development agencies, coordinated and served by an expert Secretariat housed at the World Bank, one of its key donors and founders.
This regional flagship series features major development reports from the Latin America and Caribbean region unit of the World Bank. They aim to enrich the debate on the major development challenges and opportunities the region faces as it strives to meet the evolving needs of its people. Titles in this series undergo extensive internal and external review.
This regional flagship series serves as a vehicle for in-depth synthesis of economic and policy analysis on key development topics for South Asia. It aims to promote dialogue and debate with all of the World Bank’s partners – from policymakers to civil society organizations, academic institutions, development practitioners, and the media – and to contribute toward building consensus among all those who care about stimulating development and eradicating poverty in South Asia.
Known for their economic success and dynamism, countries in the East Asia and Pacific region must tackle an increasingly complex set of challenges to continue on a path of sustainable development. Learning from others within the region and beyond can help identify what works, what doesn’t, and why, in the search for practical solutions to these challenges. This regional flagship series presents analyses of issues relevant to the region, drawing on the global knowledge and experience of the World Bank and its partners. The series aims to inform public discussion, policy formulation and development practitioners’ actions to turn challenges into opportunities. Titles in this series comprise the key research output of the World Bank's East Asia and Pacific regional unit and undergo extensive internal and external review.
These annual reports about world investment trends and political risk are produced by the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency of the World Bank Group.
These are publication series that are actively producing titles.
This series was created in 2009 to focus on issues of significant relevance to Sub-Saharan Africa’s social and economic development. Its aim is both to record the state of the art on a specific topic and to contribute to ongoing local, regional, and global policy debates. It is designed specifically to provide practitioners, scholars, and students with the most up-to-date research results while highlighting the promise, challenges, and opportunities that exist on the continent. The series is sponsored by the Agence Française de Développement and the World Bank. The manuscripts chosen for publication represent the highest quality in each institution’s research and activity output and have been selected for their relevance to the development agenda following an extensive external review process.
This series presents recent analyses of issues that affect the role of agriculture, including livestock, fisheries, and forestry, as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services. The series is intended for practical application with the aim of informing public discussion, policy formulation, and development planning. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of the World Bank's Agriculture and Rural Development unit.
This series provides the best papers from the Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, a forum begun in 1989 for discussion and debate of important policy issues facing developing countries. The conferences emphasize the contribution that empirical economic research can make to understanding development processes and to formulating sound development policies. Conference papers are written by researchers in and outside the World Bank. The review process, a mix of internal and external review, is overseen by an Advisory Committee for the series. This series is produced by the World Bank's Development Economics Vice Presidency.
The Climate Change and Development Series was created in 2015 to showcase economic and scientific research that explores the interactions between climate change, climate policies, and development. The series aims to promote debate and broaden understanding of current and emerging questions about the climate-development nexus through evidence-based analysis. The series is sponsored by the Climate Change Vice Presidency of the World Bank, and its publications represent the highest quality of research and output in the institution on these issues. The group is committed to sharing relevant and rigorously peer-reviewed insights on the opportunities and challenges present in the climate-development nexus with policy makers, the academic community, and a wider global audience.
This series of well-developed essays and studies highlights current development issues, based on research output related to Bank operations. In recent years these have been subdivided into subseries covering the operational sectors: Agriculture and Rural Development; Energy and Mining; Environment and Sustainable Development; Finance; Human Development; Information and Communication Technologies; Infrastructure; Poverty; Private Sector Development; Public Sector Governance; Science, Technology, and Innovation; and Trade. The Countries and Regions subseries encompasses those books in the series that cover several sectors. The titles in this series are peer-reviewed and produced by units of The World Bank.
Building on its predecessors DCP1 (1993) and DCP2 (2006), the third edition, published by The World Bank Group, provides the most up-to-date evidence on intervention efficacy and program effectiveness for the leading causes of global disease burden. It goes beyond previous efforts by providing systematic economic evaluation of policy choices affecting the access, uptake and quality of interventions and delivery platforms for low-and middle-income countries. Complete volumes of DCP3 will be published electronically and in hard copy in 2015 and 2016. Disease Control Priorities Network (DCPN) at University of Washington’s Department of Global Health, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, promotes and supports the use of economic evaluation for priority setting at both global and national levels through policy advocacy, country engagement, and the production of Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (DCP3).
Environmental sustainability is fundamental to sustainable development. This series covers current and emerging issues in order to promote debate and broaden the understanding of environmental challenges as integral to equitable and sustained economic growth. Drawing on analysis and practical experience from across the World Bank and from client countries, the books in this series will be central to the implementation of the World Bank’s Environment Strategy, and relevant to the development community, policy makers, and academia.
This series addresses the distributional consequences of macroeconomic policies and showcases techniques for systematically analyzing the distributional consequences of policy reform. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of the Research Group in the World Bank's Development Economics Vice Presidency.
This series, managed by the Chief Economist of the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) regional unit and a board of experts, highlights key development issues faced by the Eastern European and Central Asian countries. The reports aim to draw attention and spur action at regional and country level, to constructively address the existing and emerging socio-economic challenges.
The books in this series address main and emerging development issues of a global/regional nature through original research and findings in the areas of Education, Health, Nutrition, Population, and Social Protection. This series is managed by a Human Development Council-appointed Editorial Board to coordinate Bank-wide knowledge, aimed at policy makers and area experts.
The topics in this peer-reviewed series are based on a well-established bi-annual symposium organized by MIGA and Georgetown University. The symposium, on International Political Risk Management, brings together investors, insurers, brokers, lenders, academics, and members of the legal community to discuss hot issues with the help of world class experts in the fields of arbitration, understanding and pricing for risk, and new developments in investments.
This series promotes debate and disseminates knowledge and analysis on economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Books in this series discuss economic growth, structural reforms, social security, globalization and its social effects, poverty reduction strategies, macroeconomic stability and capital flows, financial systems and market reforms, and more. Sponsored by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and the World Bank, the series seeks to convey the excitement and complexity of the most topical issues in the region. Titles in this peer-reviewed series are selected for their relevance to the academic community and represent the highest quality research output of each institution.
The Law, Justice, and Development series is offered by the Legal Vice Presidency of the World Bank to provide insights into aspects of law and justice that are relevant to the development process. Works in the series present new legal and judicial reform activities related to the World Bank’s work, as well as analyses of domestic and international law. The series is intended to be accessible to a broad audience as well as to legal practitioners.
This series features major development reports from the Middle East and North Africa region of the World Bank, based on new research and thoroughly peer reviewed analysis. Each report aims to enrich the debate on the major development challenges and opportunities the region faces as it strives to meet the evolving needs of its people.
Effective assessment of the performance of educational systems is a key component in developing policies to optimize the development of human capital around the world. The five books in the National Assessments of Educational Achievement series introduce key concepts in national assessments of student achievement levels, from policy issues to address when designing and carrying out assessments through test development, sampling, data cleaning, statistics, report writing, and the use of results to improve educational quality.
This series is designed to address issues of importance to the World Bank's Social Development Strategy, which aims to empower people by transforming institutions to make them more inclusive, responsible, and accountable, and transforming subjects and beneficiaries into citizens with rights and responsibilities. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of the World Bank Social Development unit.
This series brings to a broad audience the results of World Bank research on development policy. The reports are designed to contribute to the debate on appropriate public policies for developing economies. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of the Research Group in the World Bank's Development Economics Vice Presidency.
Home to a fifth of mankind, and to almost half of the people living in poverty, South Asia is also a region of marked contrasts: from conflict-affected areas to vibrant democracies, from demographic bulges to aging societies, from energy crises to global companies. This series explores the challenges faced by a region whose fate is critical to the success of global development in the early 21st century, and can also make a difference for global peace. The volumes in it organize in an accessible way findings from recent research and lessons of experience, across a range of development topics. The series is intended to present new ideas and to stimulate debate among practitioners, researchers, and all those interested in public policies. In doing so, it exposes the options faced by decision makers in the region and highlights the enormous potential of this fast-changing part of the world.
The series supports international efforts to end safe havens for corrupt funds by providing practitioners with knowledge and policy tools consolidating international good practice on cutting edge issues related to preventing the laundering of the proceeds of corruption. The series supports systematic and timely return of stolen assets -- the objective of the World Bank and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Stolen Asset Recovery (StAR) Initiative. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of StAR Initiative's Advisory Board.
The Trade and Development Series seeks to provide objective, accessible information about the new trade agenda. Titles in the series cover a wide range of topics, from regional trade agreements and customs reform to agriculture, intellectual property rights, services, and other key issues currently being discussed in World Trade Organization negotiations. Contributors to the series represent some of the world’s leading thinkers and specialists on international trade issues. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review under the management of the Trade Group's Advisory Board in the World Bank's Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network.
The Urban Development Series discusses the challenge of urbanization and what it will mean for developing countries in the decades ahead. The Series aims to delve substantively into a range of core issues related to urban development that policy makers and practitioners must address. Titles in this series undergo internal and external review.
This series provides a comprehensive visual guide to the most critical issues facing the world. Using the authoritative statistics from the World Bank’s World Development Indicators, it provides a revealing view of the world in which we live. Country comparisons show key development indicators, including economic growth, life expectancy, infant mortality, safe water, population, poverty, and energy use. Titles in the series are produced by the World Bank's Data Group.
World Bank Studies present the results of economic, financial, or technical research; country experience or analysis; operational evaluations; or detailed background or case studies. These are finished studies, published rapidly to communicate the results of the Bank's work on economic and sector issues with policy makers and the development community. These studies tend to be highly focused on issues of operational interest in a country or region, sometimes across regions. They tend to range between 96 and 256 pages in length.
These are the publication series that are no longer producing additional titles.
This series of country-specific books and working papers are prepared in collaboration with relevant governments and partner organizations in order to enhance the knowledge base for policy development. These books institutionalize our collective knowledge in the field of health, education, labor markets, and other aspects of human development so that this knowledge can be widely shared among stakeholders. This series was discontinued in 2012.
The World Bank and InWEnt (Capacity Building International, Germany) hold a Development Policy Forum in Berlin every fall since 1998 for the European research community to contribute its perspectives to early discussions in preparation of the World Bank’s annual World Development Report (WDR). The Workshop brings diverse perspectives from outside the World Bank, providing a forum to exchange ideas and debate in the development of the themes to be covered by the upcoming WDR. The final published volume in this series is expected in 2012.
The Growth Commission’s reports identify the ingredients that, if used in the right country-specific recipe, can deliver growth and help lift populations out of poverty. The Commission, consisting of 19 experienced leaders and 2 Nobel prize-winning economists, has released several commission reports, thematic volumes, and background working papers. The spring 2010 volume is the final book from the Commission. The Commission is succeeded by The Growth Dialogue.
These volumes present case studies conducted by the World Bank’s Disaster Management Facility (later the Hazard Risk Management Team) on understanding and managing risks associated with natural disasters and their impact on cities, economies, and investment. This series has been discontinued.
The Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS), a joint facility of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the World Bank, was established to help governments of developing member countries to review and adjust policies, institutions, and programs that affect foreign direct investment. The ultimate purpose of FIAS is to assist member governments in attracting beneficial foreign private capital, technology, and managerial expertise. Publication of FIAS Occasional Papers was discontinued in 2004.
Published annually, this series is the outcome of the World Bank South Asia region’s initiative to develop standardized indicators to measure the soundness and performance of the financial sector in the region. This series was discontinued in 2011.
This series has been discontinued.
The International Finance Corporation (IFC), an affiliate of the World Bank, promotes the economic development of its member countries through investment in the private sector. It is the world's largest multilateral organization providing financial assistance directly in the form of loan and equity to private enterprises in developing countries. These discussion papers present trends in private sector investment. They are circulated to encourage discussion and comment. Papers for which rapid publication is particularly important were often issued in this series. IFC Discussion Papers were discontinued in 2001.
The Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) was established by the World Bank in 1980 to explore ways of improving the type and quality of household data collected by statistical offices in developing countries. Its goal is to foster increased use of household data as a basis for policy decisionmaling. Specifically, the LSMS is working to develop new methods to monitor progress in raising levels of living, to identify the consequences for household of past and proposed government policies, and to improve communications between survey statisticians, analysts, and policy makers. The LSMS Working Paper series was started to disseminate intermediate products from the LSMS. Publications in the series include critical surveys covering different aspects of the LSMS data collection program and reports on improved methodologies for using Living Standards Survey data. More recent publications recommend specific survey, questionnaire, and data processing designs and demonstrate the breadth of policy analsysi that can be carried out using LSS data.
The Moving Out of Poverty series presents the results of new comparative research across more than 500 communities in 15 countries on how and why poor people move out of poverty. The findings lay the foundations for new policies that will promote inclusive growth and just societies, and move millions out of poverty. The series was launched in 2007 under the editorial direction of Deepa Narayan. The final volume of the series was released in late 2009.
This series of graphic novels targets youth readers with engaging stories that introduce the reader to important topics in development.
This series presents the rationale for addressing specific development problems in the Middle East and North Africa, and the World Bank’s strategic choices in supporting countries as they tackle these issues. These books clarify the role of the World Bank, based on a review of regional and national needs and responses to those needs, as well as the areas in which the World Bank is best positioned to support countries’ efforts. This series has been discontinued.
This series of studies was completed under the Poverty Dynamics in Africa Initiative, which is organized by the Africa Region of the World Bank. This initiative has received support from several bilateral donors: Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The motive for the series, launched in 2002, was to make use of the vastly improved household survey data in Africa and to enhance understanding of poverty trends on this continent during the 1990s. The goal is to provide a more secure empirical basis on which to assess past progress in poverty reduction in Africa and to frame more effective policies for the future. The countries selected for investigation are those in which the household survey data are robust and can sustain comparisons over time. Many of the studies focus on income (or consumption) poverty and seek to link poverty outcomes to wider economic change, induding economic policy reforms, in the countries concerned. Other studies use demographic and health surveys, which have provided invaluable information about the well-being of African people-especially the children. Further information can be obtained from Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) in the Africa Region of the World Bank.
This series aims to advance the objective of a well-functioning public sector that delivers quality public services consistent with citizen preferences and that fosters private market-led growth while managing fiscal resources prudently. These books disseminate conceptual guidance and lessons from practices and facilitate learning from each others’ experiences on ideas and practices that promote responsive, responsible, and accountable public governance in developing countries. This series distills current wisdom and presents tools of analysis for improving the efficiency, equity, and efficacy of the public sector. Leading public policy experts and practitioners have contributed to this series. The final volume of this series appeared in 2008.
This series provides an outlet for work that is relatively focused in its subject matter or geographic coverage and that contributes to the intellectual foundations of development operations and policy formulation. This series has been discontinued.
These studies, sponsored by the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF)--a multidonor technical assistance facility hosted by the World Bank--aim at helping developing countries improve the quality of their infrastructure through private sector involvement.
These studies, sponsored by the World Bank Institute (WBI), seek to improve the understanding and capacity for reform of policymakers and practitioners in developing countries in the main economic and social areas.
This series, sponsored by the World Bank Institute (WBI), offers tools and data to support the work of practitioners in developing countries in the main economic and social areas.
Country Studies are published with approval of the subject government to communicate the results of the Bank's work on the economic and related conditions of member countries to governments and to the development community. This series as been superseded by the World Bank Studies series.
Informal documents that present unpolished results of research or country analysis. They are circulated to encourage discussion and comment. Papers for which rapid publication is particularly important were often issued in this series. This series was superseded by the World Bank Working Papers series in 2003 and the World Bank Studies series in 2010.
Informal documents that present knowledge acquired through that Bank's operational experience. They contain material that is practical rather than theoretical and include state-of-the-art reports and how-to-do-it monographs. They can also concern matters that cut across sectoral lines, such as the environment and science and technology. This series was superseded by the World Bank Working Papers series in 2003 and the World Bank Studies series in 2010.
World Bank Working Papers present the results of economic, financial, or technical research; country experience or analysis; operational evaluations; or detailed background or case studies. These are typically works in progress, published to stimulate public discussion of ongoing research. These books tend to be short, ranging typically between 64 and 128 pages in length. This series was superseded by the World Bank Studies series in 2011 [see Books - Series (active)]. Smaller, chapter-sized articles can be found in the Policy Research Working Papers collection.
These are journal articles published in World Bank journals as well as externally by World Bank authors.
The World Bank Economic Review is a professional journal for the dissemination of World Bank-sponsored and other research that may inform policy analysis and choice. It is directed to an international readership among economists and social scientists in government, business, international agencies, universities, and development research institutions. The Review seeks to provide the most current and best research in the field of quantitative development policy analysis, emphasizing policy relevance and operational aspects of economics, rather than primarily theoretical and methodological issues. It is intended for readers familiar with economic theory and analysis but not necessarily proficient in advanced mathematical or econometric techniques. Articles illustrate how professional research can shed light on policy choices. Consistency with World Bank policy plays no role in the selection of articles. Articles are drawn from work conducted by World Bank staff and consultants and by outside researchers. Non-Bank contributors are encouraged to submit their work. Before being accepted for publication, articles are reviewed by three referees--one from the World Bank and two from outside the institution. Articles must also be endorsed by the members of the Editorial Board before final acceptance.
The World Bank Research Observer is intended for anyone who has a professional interest in development. Observer articles are written to be accessible to nonspecialist readers; contributors examine key issues in development economics, survey the literature and the latest World Bank research, and debate issues of development policy. Articles are reviewed by an editorial board drawn from across the Bank and the international community of economists. Inconsistency with Bank policy is not grounds for rejection. The journal welcomes editorial comments and responses, which will be considered for publication to the extent that space permits. On occasion the Observer considers unsolicited contributions.
These are journal articles by World Bank authors published externally.
These are articles published in Development Outreach, a journal managed by the World Bank Institute.
These reports are produced on a periodic basis, typically semiannually.
Africa’s Pulse is a biannual publication containing an analysis of the near-term macroeconomic outlook for the region. Each issue also includes a section focusing upon a topic that represents a particular development challenge for the continent. It is produced by the Office of the Chief Economist for the Africa Region of the World Bank.
This collection holds the regional, national, and subnational serial publications produced and released informally. These are typically re-released in updated form a few years later.
Poverty and Labor Briefs is a semiannual series produced by the Latin America and the Caribbean Poverty Gender and Equity Group (LCSPP) of the World Bank. The briefs track and benchmark poverty and labor outcomes in the region using harmonized databases of socio-economic and labor market statistics.
This semiannual report reviews the economic and financial outlook for the Latin America and the Caribbean region. It is produced by the World Bank's Office of the Chief Economist for Latin America and the Caribbean.
The Middle East and North Afria Data Book is a product of the Chief Economist Office for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region of the World Bank. This Data Book is based on World Development Indicators (WDI) and other sources as noted in the tables. It includes indicators covering macroeconomic, social and external sector for MENA and other comparator regions.
This report is produced four times per year, reporting on the recent economic developments and short term outlook of the Middle East and North Africa region. It is produced by the Chief Economist's office of the region (MNACE). These reports highlight a particular theme (such as fuel subsidies, service delivery, oil prices). This series was formerly known as Middle East and North Africa Regional Economic Update, and combines with the series Middle East and North Africa Quarterly Economic Brief.
The South Asia Economic Focus is a biannual economic update presenting recent economic developments and a near-term economic outlook for South Asia. It includes a Focus section presenting more in-depth analysis of an economic topic of relevance for stability, growth, and prosperity in the region as well as country briefs covering Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. It concludes with a data section providing key economic indicators for South Asia “at a glance." Overall, it aims at providing important background information and timely analysis of key indicators and economic and financial developments of relevance to World Bank Group operations and interaction with counterparts in the region, particularly during annual and spring meeting. This biannual series is prepared by the Office of the Chief Economist for the South Asia region.
The State and Trends of the Carbon Market series provided a quantitative, transaction-based analysis of the international carbon market. In 2013, Mapping Carbon Pricing Initiatives replaced the State and Trends of the Carbon Market series. The development of national and sub-national carbon pricing initiatives in an increasing number of countries calls for a different focus. Thus, the 2013 report maps existing and emerging carbon pricing initiatives around the world, hence its new title. In 2014, the series title became State and Trends of Carbon Pricing.
The Sustainable Energy for All: Global Tracking Framework is designed to track the progress in meeting the SE4ALL goals -- provide universal access to modern electricity and cooking solutions, double energy efficiency improvement rate, and double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. This will be produced once every two years.
The World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update is the World Bank's comprehensive, twice-yearly review of the region's economies prepared by the East Asia and Pacific regional unit of the World Bank.
This collection includes high-quality, informal series of polished reports. The papers in these series are the result of economic and socioeconomic research conducted under the direction of the World Bank. All of these papers benefit from a rigorous external review process. The book-sized titles in the formally-published World Bank Technical Papers series can be found under Books.
The East Asia and Pacific Clean Stove Initiative series is a product of the World Bank's Asia Sustainable and Alternative Energy Program and aims to scale up access to clean cooking and heating stoves for poor, primarily rural households, who are likely to continue using solid fuels beyond 2030.
Enterprise Surveys are conducted by the World Bank and its partners across all geographic regions, and cover small, medium, and large companies. They collect a wide array of qualitative and quantitative information through face-to-face interviews with firm managers and owners regarding the business environment in their countries and the productivity of their firms. Country profiles are produced by the Enterprise Analysis Unit of the World Bank Group.
These discussion papers are produced primarily by the Environment Department, on occasion jointly with other departments. Papers in this series are not formal publications of the World Bank. They are circulated to encourage thought and discussion. The use and citation of this paper should take this into account. The views expressed are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the World Bank.
The LCSSD Occasional Paper Series is a publication of the Sustainable Development Department (LCSSD) in the World Bank’s Latin America and the Caribbean Region. The papers in this series are the result of economic and technical research conducted by members of the LCSSD community. The series addresses issues that are relevant to the region’s environmental and social sustainability; water, urban, energy and transport sector development; agriculture, forestry and rural development; as well as cross-cutting topics related to sustainable development such as climate change; logistics; crime and violence; and spatial economics. While all papers in this series are peer reviewed and cleared by the LCSSD Economics Unit on behalf of the Director of LCSSD, the findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper, as in all publications of the LCSSD Occasional Paper Series, are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does not garantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequences of their use.
Technical notes that describe and support the activities of the Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) and aid the PMR Participants in their policy work as well as spur a dialogue on the design, implementation, and linking of carbon market instruments.
The Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) initiative produces comparative data and knowledge on education policies and institutions, with the aim of helping countries systematically strengthen their education systems. SABER evaluates the quality of education policies against evidence-based global standards, using new diagnostic tools and detailed policy data. The SABER country reports give all parties with a stake in educational results—from administrators, teachers, and parents to policymakers and business people—an accessible, objective snapshot showing how well the policies of their country's education system are oriented toward ensuring that all children and youth learn. All of the papers benefit from a rigorous review process involving World Bank staff, academics, development practitioners, and country assessment experts.
Produced by the World Bank’s Urban Development and Resilience Unit of the Sustainable Development Network, the Urban Development Series discusses the challenge of urbanization and what it will mean for developing countries in the decades ahead. The Series aims to explore and delve more substantively into the core issues framed by the World Bank’s 2009 Urban Strategy Systems of Cities: Harnessing Urbanization for Growth and Poverty Alleviation. Across the five domains of the Urban Strategy, the Series provides a focal point for publications that seek to foster a better understanding of (i) the core elements of the city system, (ii) pro-poor policies, (iii) city economies, (iv) urban land and housing markets, (v) sustainable urban environment, and other urban issues germane to the urban development agenda for sustainable cities and communities.
These discussion papers present the knowledge gained and good practices developed by the World Bank’s professional community. They thus keep the worldwide water community up-to-date with World Bank projects and operational research. All publications in the series are peer-reviewed. After paper number 8, the series has been renamed (from Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Board Discussion Paper Series) to Water Sector Board Discussion Paper Series.
Economic and Sectoral Work are original analytic reports authored by the World Bank and intended to influence programs and policy in client countries. They convey Bank-endorsed recommendations and represent the formal opinion of a World Bank unit on the topic. Core diagnostic reports are mandated by the World Bank before lending programs are begun.
Economic and Sectoral Work are original analytic reports authored by the World Bank and intended to influence programs and policy in client countries. They convey Bank-endorsed recommendations and represent the formal opinion of a World Bank unit on the topic. Core diagnostic reports are mandated by the World Bank before lending programs are begun.
Economic and Sectoral Work are original analytic reports authored by the World Bank and intended to influence programs and policy in client countries. They convey Bank-endorsed recommendations and represent the formal opinion of a World Bank unit on the topic. This set includes the sectoral and thematic studies which are not Core Diagnostic Studies.
This includes miscellaneous ESW types and pre-2003 ESW type reports that are subsequently completed and released.
This collection includes high-quality, informal series and other mixed content collections (typically of article-length items). These are often works in progress disseminated for discussion purposes and some of these papers have not been peer reviewed externally. The book-sized titles in the formally-published World Bank Working Papers series can be found under Books.
The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) is a global knowledge and technical assistance program administered by the World Bank. It provides analytical and advisory services to low‐ and middle‐income countries to increase know‐how and institutional capacity to achieve environmentally sustainable energy solutions for poverty reduction and economic growth. This collection contains technical reports, working papers, knowledge series papers, case studies, formal reports, toolkits, and other such reports not published formally.
This working paper series is produced by the Oil, Gas, and Mining Policy Division of the World Bank. The unit serves as a global technical adviser that supports sustainable development by building capacity and providing extractive industry sector-related advisory services to resource-rich developing country governments.
This series is produced by the Health, Nutrition, and Population (HNP) Family of the World Bank's Human Development Network (HDN). The papers in this series aim to provide a vehicle for publishing preliminary and unpolished results on HNP topics to encourage discussion and debate.
The Justice and Development Working Paper Series serves as a platform for new and innovative thinking on justice and development that features work from World Bank and external authors. It is a product of the World Bank’s Justice Reform Practice Group, which generates knowledge and provides advice and assistance to Bank staff and Bank client countries on improving state and nonstate justice system institutions and mechanisms. Justice and Development disseminates the findings of works in progress to facilitate a more rapid exchange of ideas about development issues and justice reform.
These are stand alone informal publications of high-level research.
The Policy Research Working Paper Series disseminates findings of work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues. Titles are submitted from units around the World Bank for internal review and inclusion in this series which is managed by the Development Economics Research Support unit. These are pre-print drafts prior to review and publication in formal journals.
Social Protection & Labor Discussion Papers are published to communicate the results of The World Bank’s work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript manuscript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formally edited texts.
These Discussion Papers are published to communicate the results of the World Bank’s work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript manuscript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formally edited texts. Some sources cited in the paper may be informal documents that are not readily available.
The SSATP is an international partnership to facilitate policy development and related capacity building in the transport sector in Africa. Sound policies lead to safe, reliable, and cost-effective transport, freeing people to lift themselves out of poverty and helping countries to compete internationally. The SSATP is a partnership of: 38 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries, 8 Regional Economic Communities, 2 African institutions (UNECA, AU/NEPAD), Financing partners for the Second Development Plan (European Commission, Austria, France, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, Islamic Development Bank, African Development Bank, and World Bank), and many public and private national and regional organizations.
The World Bank supports the efforts of countries to share prosperity by transitioning toward universal health coverage (UHC) with the objectives of improving health outcomes, reducing the financial risks associated with ill health, and increasing equity. The Bank recognizes that there are many paths toward UHC and does not endorse a particular path or set of organizational or financial arrangements to reach it. Regardless of the path chosen, successful implementation requires that many instruments and institutions be in place. While different paths can be taken to expand coverage, all paths involve implementation challenges. With that in mind, the World Bank launched the Universal Health Coverage Studies Series (UNICO Study Series) to develop knowledge and operational tools designed to help countries tackle these implementation challenges in ways that are fiscally sustainable and that enhance equity and efficiency. The UNICO Studies Series consists of technical papers and country case studies that analyze different issues related to the challenges of UHC policy implementation.
The Water and Sanitation Program is a multidonor partnership administered by the World Bank to support poor people in obtaining affordable, safe, and sustainable access to water and sanitation services. This collection contains working papers, technical papers, and other informal reports.
Water Papers are produced by the Water Global Practice, taking up the work of the predecessor Water Unit, Transport, Water and ICT Department, Sustainable Development Vice Presidency.
Here you will find World Development Report background papers going back to 2005. They were commissioned by the authors of the World Development Report and contain much of the critical research upon which each report was based.
Knowledge Notes are short briefs (typically 4-6 pages in length) that capture lessons of experience from Bank operations and research in a succinct and easily digestible format (and usually reference larger works found elsewhere in the OKR). Work is underway to expand the collection to draw in more lessons that the staff want to highlight from ongoing and recent lending and economic and sector work (ESW).
These briefs report on ongoing operational, economic, and sector work carried out by the World Bank and its member governments in the Africa Region.
This series on commodity risk management aims to disseminate the results of World Bank research that describes the feasibility of developing countries’ ability to utilize market-based tools to mitigate risks associated with commodity price volatility and weather.
These briefs are intended to summarize lessons learned from the knowledge and learning activities of the World Bank Group and our partners.
These are short briefs on health, nutrition, and population topics. Expanded versions of the “at a glance” series, with links to resources and more information, are available on the World Bank Health, Nutrition and Population web site: www.worldbank.org/hnp
The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) is a joint initiative of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank. These surveys cover the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, as well as Turkey.
The Capacity Development Briefs reports on The World Bank Institute's capacity development programs designed to build skills among groups of individuals involved in performing tasks, and also to strengthen the organizations in which they work, and the sociopolitical environment in which they operate
These briefs share best practices and lessons learned as The World Bank Institute (WBI) pursues its mission to helps people, institutions, and countries to diagnose problems that keep communities poor, to make informed choices to solve those problems, and to share what they learn with others.
The Caribbean Knowledge Series is an occasional series that presents World Bank knowledge in an accessible format. It is meant to assist knowledge sharing across the region and trigger policy dialogue on topics relevant for the Caribbean.
Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP) Briefs reports on CGAP's mission of advancing financial access for the world's poor by providing market intelligence, promoting standards, developing innovative solutions, and offering advisory services to governments, financial service providers, donors, and investors.
The Country Notes are a series of country briefs on climate change and agriculture for 19 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region, with focus on policy developments (action plans and programs), institutional make-up, specific adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as social aspects and insurance mechanisms to address risk in the sector. The Country Notes provide a snapshot of key vulnerability indicators and establish a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture in each country. The Country Notes are the beginning of a process of information gathering on climate change and agriculture.
This series of public policy briefs focuses on the private sector and the financial crisis, assessing the policy responses, shedding light on financial reforms currently under debate, and providing insights for emerging-market policy makers.
These briefs address emerging trends and topics of relevance to cities, towns, national governments and development agencies as they face the challenges of urbanization. This series draws attention to new research and policy issues with references and resources for researchers, policy analysts, and practitioners alike who will wish to further explore these, topics.
This working paper series is produced by the East Asia and Pacific Disaster Risk Management Team of the World Bank, with support from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). The series provides just-in-time good practice examples and lessons learned from projects and programs related to aspects of disaster risk management.
This series of notes reports on the innovations, lessons, and best practices of the World Bank's social development programs in the East Asia and Pacific region.
The Economic Premise series summarizes good practices and key policy findings on topics related to economic policy. They are produced by the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) Network Vice-Presidency of the World Bank.
Education Notes is a series produced by the World Bank to share lessons learned from innovative approaches to improving education practice and policy around the globe. Background work for this piece was done in partnership, with support from the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).
This is a regular series of notes highlighting recent lessons emerging from the operational and analytical program of the World Bank‘s Latin America and Caribbean Region (LAC)
This is a regular series of notes highlighting recent analyses, good practices, and lessons learned from the development work program of the World Bank’s Europe and Central Asia Region.
This series on finance and privates sector development (PSD) reports on lessons from DECFP impact evaluations.
This is a note series on learning what works, from the Human Development Network.
These briefs capture the knowledge and advice from individual engagements of the World Bank’s Global Expert Team (GET) on Public Sector Performance.
The GET Note -- Recently Asked Questions Series captures the knowledge and advice from individual engagements of the World Bank’s Global Expert Team (GET) on Public Sector Performance.
Gridlines share emerging knowledge on public-private partnership and give an overview of a wide selection of projects from various regions of the world. Gridlines are a publication of PPIAF (Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility), a multi-donor technical assistance facility. Through technical assistance and knowledge dissemination PPIAF supports the efforts of policy makers, nongovernmental organizations, research institutions, and others in designing and implementing strategies to tap the full potential of private involvement in infrastructure.
The Health, Nutrition and Population Knowledge Briefs of the World Bank are quick reference on the essentials of specific HNP-related topics summarizing new findings and information. These may highlight an issue and key interventions proven to be effective in improving health, or disseminate new findings and lessons learned from the regions. These are produced by the Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practice.
Fast Track Briefs inform the World Bank Group (WBG) managers and staff about new evaluation findings and recommendations.
SmartLessons is an awards program to share lessons learned by the International Financial Corporation (IFC) during development-oriented advisory services and investment operations.
IK Notes reports periodically on Indigenous Knowledge (IK) initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa and occasionally on such initiatives outside the region. It is published by the Africa region’s Results and Learning Unit as part of an evolving knowledge partnership between the World Bank, communities, NGOs, development institutions, and multilateral organizations.
These short Country Reports are a result of a larger infoDev-supported Survey of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education in Africa, and provide a general overview of current activities and issues related to ICT use in education in the country.
infoDev’s Knowledge Maps on ICTs in education are intended to serve as quick snapshots of what the research literature reveals in a number of key areas. They are not meant to be an exhaustive catalog of everything that is known (or has been debated) about the use of ICTs in education in a particular topic; rather, taken together they are an attempt to summarize and give shape to a very large body of knowledge and to highlight certain issues in a format quickly accessible to busy policymakers. The infoDev knowledge mapping exercise is meant to identify key general assertions and gaps in the knowledge base of what is known about the use of ICTs in education, especially as such knowledge may relate to the education-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
This note series is published by the Investment Climate Department of the World Bank Group. It discusses practical considerations and approaches for implementing reforms that aim to improve the business environment.
Justice for the Poor (J4P) briefing notes provide up-to-date information on current topics, findings, and concerns of J4P’s multi-country research. The views expressed in the notes are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the World Bank.
This series examines the findings and impact of completed projects funded by the Knowledge for Change Program (KCP).
This series investigates the impact of the financial crisis on the Latin America and the Caribbean Region (LCR).
This is a Knowledge Note series of the Energy Practice. Those working on the front lines of energy development in emerging economies have a wealth of technical knowledge and case experience to share with their colleagues but seldom have the time to write for publication. Live Wire offers a support system to make sharing knowledge as easy as possible.
These notes are intended to summarize lessons learned from the Middle East and North Africa region (MNA) and other Bank Knowledge and Learning activities.
Migration and Development Briefs are prepared by the Migration and Remittances Unit, Development Economics (DEC) and Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) network. These briefs are intended to be informal briefing notes on migration, remittances, and development.
OBApproaches is a forum for discussing and disseminating recent experiences and innovations in supporting the delivery of basic services to the poor. The series focuses on the provision of water, energy, telecommunications, transport, health, and education in developing countries, in particular through output- or performance-based approaches.
The World Bank Pension Reform Primer aims to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date resource for people designing and implementing pension reforms around the world.
This note series is intended to summarize good practices and key policy findings on poverty reduction and economic management (PREM) topics.
This series reviews new private participation in infrastructure (PPI) projects.
The Private Sector Opinion series is produced by the Global Corporate Governance Forum. The Forum’s mandate is to promote the private sector as an engine of growth, reduce the vulnerability of developing and emerging markets to financial crisis, and provide incentives for corporations to invest and perform efficiently in a transparent, sustainable, and socially responsible manner. In doing so, the Forum partners with international, regional, and local institutions, drawing on its network of global private sector leaders.
The Rural Water Supplies Collaborative (RWSC) serves as an online hub for World Bank Group staff to discuss projects, experiences, and developments in rural water supply. A RWSC Quick Read summarizes the discussion on a given topic, as of the publication date.
This series is intended to provide a practical resource for those engaged in the design and implementation of safety net programs around the world. Readers will find information on good practices for a variety of types of interventions, country contexts, themes and target groups, as well as current thinking on the role of social safety nets in the broader development agenda.
This series is intended to disseminate good practice and key findings on community driven development.
Social Funds Innovation Notes are published informally by the Social Funds Thematic Group of the Human Development Network – Social Protection. These replaced the earlier series called Social Funds Innovation Updates.
The goal of Transport Notes series is dissemination of recent experiences and innovations in the World Bank’s transport sector operations.
Viewpoint is an open forum to encourage dissemination of public policy innovations for private sector–led and market-based solutions for development.
Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) is a multi-donor partnership created in 1978 and administered by the World Bank to support poor people in obtaining affordable, safe, and sustainable access to water and sanitation services. These reports are published to communicate the results of WSP’s work to the development community.
These practitioner notes (P-Notes) are published by the Water Sector Board of the Sustainable Development Network of the World Bank Group. P-Notes are a synopsis of larger World Bank documents in the water sector.
The World Bank Employment Policy Primer aims to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date resource on labor market policy issues. These short notes are concise summaries of best practice on various topics.
The World Bank Research Digest is a quarterly publication disseminating findings of World Bank research. The views and interpretations in the articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the World Bank, its Executive Directors, or the countries they represent. The Research Digest is financed by the Bank’s Research Committee and managed by DECRS, the research support unit of the Development Economics Senior Vice Presidency (DEC).
These titles also have PDFs in languages other than English. The records are in English, but non-English PDFs are also attached. Each language is grouped in its own sub-collection.
The following titles are also available in Arabic. Click on the title link and look toward the bottom of the page to locate the PDFs that can be downloaded for that title.
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The following titles are also available in Vietnamese. Click on the title link and look toward the bottom of the page to locate the PDFs that can be downloaded for that title.