Publication: Scaling Up Access to Electricity : The Case of Lighting Africa
This knowledge note is the first of three case studies that concerns scaling up access to electricity in Africa, Bangladesh, and Rwanda. Lighting Africa, a joint IFC and World Bank program launched in 2007, was the first private-sector-oriented effort to leverage new LED lighting technologies to build sustainable markets that provide safe, affordable, and modern off-grid lighting to communities in Africa that lack access to electricity. By 2030 the program aims to enable the private sector to reach 250 million people who now depend on fuel-based lighting. The case study for Africa is important, because the continent faces a huge rural electricity deficit. Global electrification in 2010 was estimated to be about 83 percent. The deficit of 17 percent encompasses some 1.2 billion people. Achieving universal access to modern energy services is one of the three complementary objectives of the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative. Lighting Africa succeeded as a catalyst for the off-grid lighting market in Sub-Saharan Africa. Another success is apparent in the spectacular trajectory of solar lantern sales in Kenya. On the climate front, the program has avoided 274,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions, the equivalent of taking 35,000 cars off the road. Important lessons were learned during the first phase of the program. Some interventions were very successful; others could have been done differently. Going forward, the Lighting Africa program will support the geographic expansion of ongoing activities to enable market-based solutions for affordable, modern off-grid lighting. The following challenges will be addressed: solar home systems, consumer awareness, and impact evaluation.
Link to Data Set
“Murphy, Daniel; Sharma, Arsh. 2014. Scaling Up Access to Electricity : The Case of Lighting Africa. Live Wire, 2014/20. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18681 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
Other publications in this report series
PublicationPowering through the Storm: Climate Resilience for Energy Systems(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022-09)Climate change and its impacts on power systems often mean more frequent power outages and repairs, which raise maintenance costs and pose other challenges. Yet proactive modifications in project design, maintenance, and operation can enhance system resilience at lower costs than reactive adaptation. This Live Wire considers the implications of climate resilience in the power sector and highlights ongoing World Bank work and best practice, with a focus on Africa.
PublicationLearning from Large-Scale Solar Home System Electrification in Bangladesh(Washington, DC, 2022)The Bangladesh Solar Home Systems (SHS) Program contributed significantly to achieving near-universal access to electricity by installing over 4 million SHSs from 2003 to 2018, serving 16 percent of rural households by 2016. The government mobilized USD 683 million in loans and grants from international development partners for roll-out financing, which leveraged an additional USD 412 million from domestic sources. The Program provided significant benefits to all participants, especially rural households. These experiences are relevant to Sub-Saharan Africa, where nearly 600 million people lack electricity access and 40 percent of electricity connections will need to be off-grid to achieve universal access by 2030
PublicationAccess to Clean Cooking and Electricity: Righting the Policy Balance in Sub-Saharan Africa and Fragile Settings(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022)This Live Wire analyzes data from the 2020 edition of Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE) and presents the trends in policy on access to clean cooking and electricity, with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa and the countries within the region affected by fragility, conflict, and violence. The issue explores the imbalance in policy effort on the two forms of access.
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PublicationOpportunities for Direct Uses of Geothermal Energy in Türkiye(Washington, DC : World Bank, 2022)Türkiye has substantial geothermal potential, and the country’s government is committed to exploiting it, both for economic reasons and to meet its obligations as a signatory of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Türkiye has more than 400 known geothermal fields in 63 different provinces. The country’s total estimated geothermal potential is more than 60,000 megawatts thermal. Developing that potential could create more than 120,000 direct jobs, with ample opportunities for women’s participation. The Turkish government has set an ambitious goal of 11,150 MWt in direct uses of geothermal energy by 2025. Meeting that goal will require raising awareness, building capacity, ensuring a favorable regulatory environment, and increasing access to funding for both public and private entities.