Publication: A Policy Framework for Green Transportation in Georgia : Achieving Reforms and Building Infrastructure for Sustainability

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World Bank
The Government of Georgia is considering options for reducing fossil fuel imports in favor of introducing large scale use of domestic energy sources for public and private transportation. However, this must be considered within the overall context of green transportation-which will generate benefits well beyond the substitution of fossil fuels with domestic energy sources. The concept of green transportation has emerged in response to growing concerns about climate change; typically this refers to a transportation system characterized by low carbon emissions, i.e., Green House Gasses (GHG). In the context of Georgia, two other important development issues in green transportation in addition to GHG emissions are fossil fuel consumption and air pollution. For the purpose of this study, therefore, green transportation in Georgia refers to reducing the intensity of fossil fuel use and increasing reliance on indigenous energy sources (mainly hydropower), as well as minimizing adverse impacts on the global and local environment through reduced emissions of GHG and local pollutants. Greening transportation will create 'co-benefits': reducing fossil fuel use will help improve the balance of trade and energy security; and employing measures to avoid unnecessary trips and using fewer vehicles for the same number of trips (i.e., public transportation) would reduce traffic congestion on the road network, particularly in urban areas. By greening transportation, Georgia could reduce the total import bill for petroleum products, thereby improving the balance of trade and energy security.
World Bank. 2012. A Policy Framework for Green Transportation in Georgia : Achieving Reforms and Building Infrastructure for Sustainability. © Washington, DC. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
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