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Global fisheries production has risen rapidly over the past 60 years at over two and a half times the rate of world population growth, and aquaculture today is among the fastest-growing food sectors. The rapid growth in fisheries products, and the rise in aquaculture in particular, enabled per capita fish consumption to nearly double globally between the 1960s and 2010, and more than triple in developing countries. While fisheries worldwide, like other agricultural systems, have long been affected by water pollution, the sector’s rapid growth and intensification are increasingly contributing to that problem. This is not only damaging to aquatic ecosystems and water users at large, but also harmful to the fishing industry itself. A historic opportunity presents itself to tackle aquaculture pollution in step with industry growth, and to shape amore sustainable source of animal protein as demand for it grows.
“Cassou, Emilie. 2018. Aquaculture. Agricultural Pollution;. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://hdl.handle.net/10986/29508 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”