Publication: Toward Universal Health Coverage and Equity in Latin America and the Caribbean: Evidence from Selected Countries
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This volume reviews progress in reducing inequalities in health outcomes, service utilization, and financial protection, and assesses the common trends emerging from these reforms.
“Dmytraczenko, Tania; Almeida, Gisele. 2015. Toward Universal Health Coverage and Equity in Latin America and the Caribbean : Evidence from Selected Countries. Directions in Development--Human Development;. © Washington, DC: World Bank. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/22026 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
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PublicationGovernment Guarantees : Allocating and Valuing Risk in Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2007)Government guarantees can help persuade private investors to finance valuable new infrastructure. But because their costs are hard to estimate and usually do not show up in the government's accounts, governments can be tempted to grant too many guarantees. Drawing on a diverse range of disciplines, including finance, history, economics, and psychology, Government Guarantees : Allocating and Valuing Risk in Privately Financed Infrastructure Projects aims to help governments give guarantees only when they are justified. It reviews the history of government guarantees and identifies the cognitive and political obstacles to good decisions about guarantees. It then develops a framework for judging when governments should bear risk in an infrastructure project (seeking to make precise the oft-invoked principle that risks should be allocated to those best placed to manage them); explains how guarantees can be valued; and discusses how aspects of public-sector management can be modified to improve the likely quality of government decisions about guarantees.
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