Publication: Slum Upgrading and Participation : Lessons from Latin America
This book talks about participation, from the first to the last page. And that is its strength, for participation is a road leading to democracy. The true participation it talks about does not rely on hours of compulsory labor or imposed levies; there is nothing forced about it. Rather, it is a process in which men and women engage their will, their sense of responsibility, their abilities, their dignity. It is a vital participation, because it affects much of what makes for a better life in a poor neighborhood: water supplies, sanitation, electricity, roads, drainage, public spaces, housing. For some, participation creates risks, whether of popular protests, mismanaged conflicts of interests, or mounting expectations that are difficult to meet. But, in reality ad above all, participation creates opportunity. In favors civic learning and people's empowerment. It opens the way to alternatives. It enhances the quality of projects and the continuity of development. It enables an escape from rigid control or populist clientelism into a practice of strategies of negotiations.
Link to Data Set
“Imparato, Ivo; Ruster, Jeff. 2003. Slum Upgrading and Participation : Lessons from Latin America. Directions in Development;. © Washington, DC: World Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15133 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
Other publications in this report series
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PublicationPaths between Peace and Public Service: A Comparative Analysis of Public Service Reform Trajectories in Postconflict Countries(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2019)Building a capable public service is fundamental to postconflict state building. Yet in postconflict settings, short-term pressures often conflict with this longer-term objective. To ensure peace and stabilize fragile coalitions, the imperative for political elites to hand out public jobs and better pay to constituents dominates merit. Donor-financed projects that rely on technical assistants and parallel structures, rather than on government systems, are often the primary vehicle for meeting pressing service delivery needs. What, then, is a workable approach to rebuilding public services postconflict? Paths between Peace and Public Service seeks to answer this question by comparing public service reform trajectories in five countries—Afghanistan, Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, and Timor-Leste—in the aftermath of conflict. The study seeks to explain these countries’ different trajectories through process tracing and structured, focused methods of comparative analysis. To reconstruct reform trajectories, the report draws on more than 200 interviews conducted with government officials and other stakeholders, as well as administrative data. The study analyzes how reform trajectories are influenced by elite bargains and highlights their path dependency, shaped by preconflict legacies and the specifics of the conflict period. As the first systematic study on postconflict public service reforms, it identifies lessons for the future engagement of development partners in building public services.
PublicationOptions for Aged Care in China: Building An Efficient and Sustainable Aged Care System(Washington, DC: World Bank, 2018-11-20)China is aging at an unprecedented rate. Improvements in life expectancy and the consequences of the decades-old family planning policy have led to a rapid increase in the elderly population. According to the United Nations World Population Prospects, the proportion of older people age 65 and over will increase by about one-fourth by 2030, and the elderly will account for about one quarter of the total population by 2050. Population aging will not only pose challenges for elder care but also have an impact on the economy and all aspects of society (World Bank, 2016a). The government is aware of the need to develop an efficient and sustainable approach to aged care. To this end, the General Office of the State Council issued the 12th Five-Year Plan for the Development of Aged Care Services in China and the Development Plan for a System of Social Services for the Aged (2011-2015). It is now in the process of formulating the 13th Five-Year National Plan on Aging, which will further elaborate and finalize the reform roadmap for 2016 to 2020. The Plan is expected to be finalized and launched by June 2016. The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) helped draft these plans and is now leading the development of policy measures for the provision of social services for the elderly. This volume has been prepared to support the translation of the broad ideas on aged care provision expressed in the 12th and 13th Five-Year Plans and other government plans into reality and to help the government tackle the challenges described above. It strives to identify a policy framework that fits the Chinese context and can be put in place gradually. Specifically, it aims to provide an up-to-date understanding of the evolving aged care landscape in China; review international experiences in long-term care provision, financing, and quality assurance and assess their relevance to China’s current situation; discuss implications of current developments and trends for the future of aged care in China; and propose policy options based on available evidence and best practices.
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