The Effect of Poverty, Gender Exclusion, and Child Labor on Out-of-School Rates for Female Children Laborda Castillo, Leopoldo Salem, Daniel Sotelsek Sarr, Leopold Remi 2014-04-28T18:17:29Z 2014-04-28T18:17:29Z 2014-03-26
dc.description.abstract In this article, the authors analyze the effect of poverty, social exclusion, and child labor on out-of-school rates for female children. This empirical study is based on a dynamic panel model for a sample of 216 countries over the period 1970 to 2010. Results based on the generalized method of moments (GMM) of Arellano and Bond (1991) and the tests of causality and zero autocorrelation to the panel data show a negative and significant relation between contributing family workers (female) and number of primary school-age children out of school (female) in Europe and Central Asia region. However, the authors cannot find empirical evidence between primary school-age children out of school rates (female) and the variables used to analyze the effect of poverty and social exclusion (poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line and total vulnerable employment). Moreover, the article identifies effects of other variables like proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments. In addition, this article examines geographic regions separately, with the anticipation that differentials in livelihood strategies and opportunities could be reflected in female child schooling decisions. en
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Research in Childhood Education
dc.identifier.issn 0256-8543
dc.identifier.other 10.1080/02568543.2014.884028
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject child labor
dc.subject poverty
dc.subject social exclusion
dc.subject out-of-school rates
dc.subject female enrollment
dc.title The Effect of Poverty, Gender Exclusion, and Child Labor on Out-of-School Rates for Female Children en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.type Article de journal fr
dc.type Artículo de revista es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea Gender 2014-04-01
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Journal Article
okr.externalcontent External Content
okr.globalpractice Education
okr.globalpractice Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice Poverty
okr.identifier.doi 10.1080/02568543.2014.884028
okr.language.supported en
okr.peerreview Academic Peer Review
okr.topic Education :: Education Indicators and Statistics
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Education
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Poverty
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Child Labor
okr.unit SASED
okr.volume 28(2)
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