Publication:
Vulnerability and Safety Nets in Lao PDR

dc.contributor.authorLindelow, Magnus
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-20T22:25:19Z
dc.date.available2013-03-20T22:25:19Z
dc.date.issued2009-12
dc.description.abstractLao PDR has experienced high levels of economic growth in recent years and the incidence of poverty has fallen dramatically since the 1990s. Yet, this report shows that Lao households continue to be highly vulnerable to regular seasonal fluctuations, as well as agricultural shocks and natural disasters. The report also highlights the importance of health shocks, injury and death for household welfare. Households adopt a variety of strategies to cope with these shocks, but in many cases are unable to fully smooth consumption, with negative short and long term consequences. Overall, the report points to a number of important vulnerable groups. The chronic poor in remote rural areas, including ethnic minority groups, remain highly vulnerable to seasonal fluctuations and natural disasters. However, households in urban areas, particularly the poor and near-poor, are vulnerable to future increases in food prices if they are not accompanied by increases in real wages. Moreover, as the Lao economy develops, more households will rely on off-farm work or migrant remittances, making them increasingly vulnerable to domestic and global macro-shocks. Finally, particular groups, including children, women, the disabled and the elderly are likely to be particularly badly affected by these shocks. The report goes on to discuss the potential value of social safety nets. Safety nets can reduce poverty and alleviate suffering for households who are unable to fully smooth their consumption after a shock. But effective safety nets don't just contribute to reducing poverty in the short term; they can also prevent long term poverty traps from arising (e.g. due to households being forced to sell productive assets, withdraw children from school, or reduce consumption below nutritionally adequate levels), and enable households to pursue riskier but more productive livelihood strategies. The report reveals important gaps in current policies and programs and suggests some potential directions towards implementing a comprehensive and institutionalized safety net program in Lao PDR. This will require substantial investments, not only to finance the actual programs, but also to develop the required capacity and knowledge at both local and central levels. While there are no easy solutions, reaching consensus on priorities and policy options for addressing vulnerability in Laos is essential if recent progress in poverty reduction and economic growth is to be sustained and deepened.en
dc.identifierhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/12/16426369/vulnerability-safety-nets-lao-pdr
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10986/12804
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWorld Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holderWorld Bank
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subjectACCESS TO CREDIT
dc.subjectACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subjectADMINISTRATIVE COSTS
dc.subjectAFFORDABLE PRICES
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL SECTORS
dc.subjectAGRICULTURAL SHOCKS
dc.subjectBENEFICIARIES
dc.subjectBIRTH GRANT
dc.subjectBORROWING
dc.subjectBUSINESS CONFIDENCE
dc.subjectCASH BENEFIT
dc.subjectCASH CROPS
dc.subjectCASH TRANSFER
dc.subjectCASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subjectCASH TRANSFERS
dc.subjectCHAMBER OF COMMERCE
dc.subjectCHILD HEALTH
dc.subjectCHILD LABOUR
dc.subjectCHRONICALLY POOR
dc.subjectCLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subjectCLINICS
dc.subjectCOMMUNITY ASSETS
dc.subjectCONDITIONAL CASH
dc.subjectCONSUMER CONFIDENCE
dc.subjectCOPING BEHAVIORS
dc.subjectCOPING STRATEGIES
dc.subjectCREDIT MARKETS
dc.subjectCRIME
dc.subjectDISABLED
dc.subjectDISASTERS
dc.subjectDIVERSIFICATION
dc.subjectDOMESTIC VIOLENCE
dc.subjectDROUGHT
dc.subjectEARNING CAPACITY
dc.subjectEARNINGS
dc.subjectECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subjectECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subjectECONOMIC CRISES
dc.subjectECONOMIC CRISIS
dc.subjectECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subjectECONOMIC POLICY
dc.subjectECONOMIC SHOCK
dc.subjectEMERGENCY FOOD
dc.subjectEMPLOYEE
dc.subjectEMPLOYERS
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT CREATION
dc.subjectEMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subjectENROLLMENT
dc.subjectEQUITY FUNDS
dc.subjectETHNIC GROUP
dc.subjectETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subjectETHNIC MINORITIES
dc.subjectETHNIC MINORITY
dc.subjectETHNIC MINORITY HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subjectEXPENDITURE
dc.subjectFAMILIES
dc.subjectFARM SECTOR
dc.subjectFARM WORK
dc.subjectFARMERS
dc.subjectFEE WAIVERS
dc.subjectFEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subjectFINANCIAL COSTS
dc.subjectFINANCIAL CRISES
dc.subjectFINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subjectFINANCIAL DISTRESS
dc.subjectFINANCIAL MARKETS
dc.subjectFINANCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subjectFINANCIAL RISK
dc.subjectFINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subjectFOOD CONSUMPTION
dc.subjectFOOD EXPENDITURES
dc.subjectFOOD INSECURITY
dc.subjectFOOD ITEMS
dc.subjectFOOD PRICE
dc.subjectFOOD PRICES
dc.subjectFOOD PROCESSING
dc.subjectFOOD PROGRAM
dc.subjectFOOD SECURITY
dc.subjectFOOD TRANSFER
dc.subjectFOOD TRANSFERS
dc.subjectFOOD-FOR-WORK
dc.subjectFOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subjectFORMAL INSURANCE
dc.subjectFORMAL SAFETY NETS
dc.subjectHANDICRAFT
dc.subjectHEALTH BENEFITS
dc.subjectHEALTH CARE
dc.subjectHEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subjectHEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subjectHEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subjectHEALTH SERVICES
dc.subjectHEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subjectHOME RATION
dc.subjectHOME RATIONS
dc.subjectHOSPITALS
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subjectHOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subjectHUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subjectHUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectINCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subjectINCOME
dc.subjectINCOME GROWTH
dc.subjectINFORMAL SAFETY NETS
dc.subjectINPUT PRICE
dc.subjectIRRIGATION
dc.subjectIRRIGATION SYSTEMS
dc.subjectJOB CREATION
dc.subjectJOB LOSS
dc.subjectKEY CHALLENGES
dc.subjectLABOR DEMAND
dc.subjectLABOR FORCE SURVEYS
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET POLICIES
dc.subjectLABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
dc.subjectLABOR SUPPLY
dc.subjectLABOUR FORCE
dc.subjectLABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subjectLACK OF ACCESS
dc.subjectLACK OF CREDIT
dc.subjectLACK OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subjectLAND RIGHTS
dc.subjectLEAN SEASON
dc.subjectLIVELIHOOD SUPPORT
dc.subjectLIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subjectLOSS OF INCOME
dc.subjectMALNUTRITION
dc.subjectMARKET ECONOMY
dc.subjectMARKET PRICES
dc.subjectMEDICAL SERVICES
dc.subjectMIGRANT REMITTANCES
dc.subjectMIGRANT WORKERS
dc.subjectMIGRANTS
dc.subjectMIGRATION
dc.subjectMINIMUM WAGE
dc.subjectMINIMUM WAGES
dc.subjectMINORITY GROUPS
dc.subjectNATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subjectNUTRITION
dc.subjectNUTRITION PROJECT
dc.subjectNUTRITIONAL STATUS
dc.subjectPARTICIPATORY POVERTY ASSESSMENTS
dc.subjectPATIENT
dc.subjectPATIENTS
dc.subjectPENSION
dc.subjectPOCKET EXPENDITURES
dc.subjectPOCKET PAYMENTS
dc.subjectPOOR
dc.subjectPOOR SOIL QUALITY
dc.subjectPOVERTY ERADICATION
dc.subjectPOVERTY PROFILE
dc.subjectPOVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subjectPOVERTY TRAPS
dc.subjectPRECAUTIONARY SAVINGS
dc.subjectPRICE FLOOR
dc.subjectPRICE STABILITY
dc.subjectPRICE STABILIZATION
dc.subjectPRICE SUBSIDIES
dc.subjectPRODUCTIVE ASSETS
dc.subjectPROVISION OF CREDIT
dc.subjectPUBLIC FACILITIES
dc.subjectPUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subjectPUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subjectPUBLIC WORKS
dc.subjectPUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS
dc.subjectPURCHASING POWER
dc.subjectRECESSION
dc.subjectREGISTRATION PROCESS
dc.subjectRELIEF FOOD
dc.subjectREMITTANCES
dc.subjectREMOTE AREAS
dc.subjectREMOTE RURAL AREAS
dc.subjectRISK AVOIDANCE
dc.subjectRISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subjectRURAL
dc.subjectRURAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subjectRURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subjectRURAL INCOMES
dc.subjectRURAL ROAD
dc.subjectRURAL VILLAGES
dc.subjectSAFE WATER
dc.subjectSAFETY NET
dc.subjectSAFETY NET PROGRAMS
dc.subjectSAFETY NETS
dc.subjectSANITATION
dc.subjectSCHOLARSHIP
dc.subjectSCHOLARSHIPS
dc.subjectSCHOOL ENROLLMENTS
dc.subjectSCHOOL FEEDING
dc.subjectSCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMS
dc.subjectSCHOOL VOUCHERS
dc.subjectSECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subjectSERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subjectSHOCK
dc.subjectSIBLINGS
dc.subjectSITE FEEDING
dc.subjectSMALL FARMS
dc.subjectSOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subjectSOCIAL NETWORKS
dc.subjectSOCIAL PENSION
dc.subjectSOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subjectSOCIAL SAFETY NETS
dc.subjectSOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subjectSOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subjectSOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subjectSOURCE OF INCOME
dc.subjectTARGETING
dc.subjectTRADE UNIONS
dc.subjectTRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subjectTRANSFER PROGRAM
dc.subjectTRANSFER PROGRAMS
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subjectUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT
dc.subjectUNION
dc.subjectURBAN AREA
dc.subjectURBAN AREAS
dc.subjectUSER CHARGES
dc.subjectUSER FEES
dc.subjectVILLAGE
dc.subjectVILLAGE LEADERS
dc.subjectVILLAGES
dc.subjectVIOLENCE
dc.subjectVOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subjectVULNERABLE GROUPS
dc.subjectVULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subjectWAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subjectWELFARE PROGRAMS
dc.subjectWORKERS
dc.subjectWORKFARE
dc.titleVulnerability and Safety Nets in Lao PDRen
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.date.disclosure2012-06-26
okr.doctypeEconomic & Sector Work::Policy Note
okr.doctypeEconomic & Sector Work
okr.docurlhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/12/16426369/vulnerability-safety-nets-lao-pdr
okr.globalpracticeSocial Protection and Labor
okr.globalpracticePoverty
okr.globalpracticeFinance and Markets
okr.globalpracticeHealth, Nutrition, and Population
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum000333037_20120626014015
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum16426369
okr.identifier.report70168
okr.language.supporteden
okr.pdfurlhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/06/26/000333037_20120626014015/Rendered/PDF/701680ESW0P1160nal0draft00Jan020100.pdfen
okr.region.administrativeEast Asia and Pacific
okr.region.countryLao People's Democratic Republic
okr.sectorHealth and other social services :: Other social services
okr.themeSocial protection and risk management :: Social safety nets
okr.themeSocial protection and risk management :: Poverty strategy, analysis and monitoring
okr.topicSocial Protections and Labor::Safety Nets and Transfers
okr.topicHealth, Nutrition and Population::Population Policies
okr.topicHealth Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topicPoverty Reduction::Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topicFinance and Financial Sector Development::Access to Finance
okr.topicHealth
okr.topicNutrition and Population
okr.unitSocial Protection Unit (EASHS)
okr.volume1 of 1
relation.isAuthorOfPublicationd6df2a53-bb3c-5376-8494-5d7b3af636f6
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscoveryd6df2a53-bb3c-5376-8494-5d7b3af636f6
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