Publication: Jobs, Food and Greening: Exploring Implications of the Green Transition for Jobs in the Agri-food System

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Nico, Gianluigi
The agri-food system (AFS) employs about one third of the global workforce and contributes about one third of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This together with its large exposure to the effects of climate change and environmental degradation makes what happens in AFS central to the green transition and its implications for jobs and the structural transformation. Microeconomic evidence suggests that the adoption of climate smart agricultural practices will increase labor requirements, at least in the short run and at lower levels of incomes, when its mechanization is still limited. Econometric macro-model-based simulations suggest however that especially substantial investment in climate friendly agricultural R&D as well as soil and water preserving practices and market integration will more than offset the negative effects of climate change and even accelerate the structural transformation, especially in Sub Saharan Africa. Overall, the findings underscore the tremendous potential of increasing agricultural and climate friendly R&D investment for brokering an environmentally sustainable structural transformation. Repurposing of agriculture’s current US$ 638 billion support package towards supporting more climate friendly practices, including to overcome the time lag between the moment of investment and the realization of the benefits, provides an important policy entry point.
Nico, Gianluigi; Christiaensen, Luc. 2023. Jobs, Food and Greening: Exploring Implications of the Green Transition for Jobs in the Agri-food System. Jobs Working Paper; Issue No. 75. © World Bank, Washington, DC. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
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