Publication: State Water Agencies in Nigeria: A Performance Assessment
Moffitt, L. Joe
Investments on the order of $US6 billion are estimated to be needed in the water sector in Nigeria in the next 10 years if the country is to achieve universal water supply coverage. This is the main finding of State Water Agencies in Nigeria: A Performance Assessment. The report focuses on water provision services from the state water authorities (SWAs), or water boards, as they are the major and only regulated agencies that provide water to the urban population. Sanitation provision is not addressed because the majority of SWAs do not provide this service to their customers. This report highlights the issues related to the performance of SWAs, tariff levels and structures, financing mechanisms, and concerns with governance within the SWAs and state governments. For example, as a result of accelerated urbanization and migration of the population to the large cities, the average coverage by SWAs is about 40 percent, and the average domestic water consumption was 26 liters per capita per day in 2013, well below the recommended average. The remaining majority of the population relies on alternative service providers. To the extent possible, the report also shows how institutional weaknesses affect customer costs, subsidies to the sector, and the financing required to scale up investment. It showcases how the related operational and maintenance expenditures of the SWAs can actually be covered from the various financing sources. Coping costs of the population getting water from alternative water providers is assessed at US$700 million a year, and this number is growing. In addition, utilities get about US$100 million in operational subsidies that cover labor, electricity, and other operational costs. State Water Agencies in Nigeria: A Performance Assessment provides the government of Nigeria with a structured and coherent quantitative snapshot of the state of its urban water sector. Ultimately, this report is a first step toward performance benchmarking in Nigeria’s water and sanitation sector. The findings summarized in this publication should eventually serve as a tool for utilities and their authorities and stakeholders, as well as for bilateral and multilateral donors, in their efforts to monitor the performance and progress of each water provider and the sector as a whole.
Link to Data Set
“Macheve, Berta; Danilenko, Alexander; Abdullah, Roohi; Bove, Abel; Moffitt, L. Joe. 2015. State Water Agencies in Nigeria: A Performance Assessment. Directions in Development--Infrastructure;. © Washington, DC: World Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22581 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
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