Publication: Learning-by-Doing, Learning-by-Exporting, and Productivity : Evidence from Colombia
Isgut, Alberto E.
The empirical evidence on whether participation in export markets increases plant-level productivity has been inconclusive so far. The authors explain this inconclusiveness by drawing on Arrow's (1962) characterization of learning-by-doing, which suggests focusing on young plants and using measures of export experience rather than export participation. They find strong evidence of learning-by-exporting for young Colombian manufacturing plants between 1981 and 1991: total factor productivity increases 4-5 percent for each additional year a plant has exported, after controlling for the effect of current exports on total factor productivity. Learning-by-exporting is more important for young than for old plants and in industries that deliver a larger percentage of their exports to high-income countries.
“Fernandes, Ana M.; Isgut, Alberto E.. 2005. Learning-by-Doing, Learning-by-Exporting, and Productivity : Evidence from Colombia. Policy Research Working Paper; No. 3544. © World Bank, Washington, DC. http://openknowledge.worldbank.org/entities/publication/5d03a448-974f-56b0-83b0-a032582b0c55 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
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