Publication: Trade and Competition Policies for Growth in Lebanon: A General Equilibrium Analysis
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Ghaleb, Joey R.
Using recent data on concentration indexes, we estimate that rents accruing from monopolistic positions represent more than 16 percent of GDP in Lebanon. In turn, using an applied computable general equilibrium model, we compare the long term impact of raising domestic competition with that of reducing import tariffs. Simulation results suggest that Lebanon would largely benefit from the reduction of anti-competitive practices. By way of comparison, reducing tariffs would be structurally less effective in terms of raising investment opportunities and real wages, which, in the long run, would inevitably affect economic growth.