Publication: Incentivizing Quantity and Quality of Care: Evidence from an Impact Evaluation of Performance-Based Financing in the Health Sector in Tajikistan
To improve utilization and quality of health services, a growing number of low- and middle-income countries have been experimenting with financial incentives tied to providers’ performance. Relying on a difference-in-differences approach, we estimate the impacts of the performance-based financing pilot in Tajikistan. Primary care facilities were given financial incentives conditional on the quality and quantity of selected services. Significant improvements are found on quality indicators, including elements of the content of care. While the communities in the pilot districts reported higher satisfaction with the local primary care facilities, and despite the improvements in quality, the impact on utilization was limited.