China - From Poor Areas to Poor People : China’s Evolving Poverty Reduction Agenda - An Assessment of Poverty and Inequality in China

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collection.link.17
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2118
collection.name.17
Poverty Assessment
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T17:22:48Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T17:22:48Z
dc.date.issued
2009-03-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:06Z
dc.description.abstract
China's progress in poverty reduction over the last 25 years is enviable. One cannot fail to be impressed by what this vast nation of 1.3 billion people has achieved in so little time. In terms of a wide range of indicators, the progress has been remarkable. Poverty in terms of income and consumption has been dramatically reduced. Progress has also been substantial in terms of human development indicators. Most of the millennium development goals have either already been achieved or the country is well on the way to achieving them. As a result of this progress, the country is now at a very different stage of development than it was at the dawn of the economic reforms at the beginning of the 1980s. China's poverty reduction performance has been even more striking. Between 1981 and 2004, the fraction of the population consuming below this poverty line fell from 65 percent to 10 percent, and the absolute number of poor fell from 652 million to 135 million, a decline of over half a billion people. The most rapid declines in poverty, in both the poverty rate and the number of poor, occurred during the 6th, 8th, and 10th plans. During the 7th plan period the number of poor actually rose, while in the 9th plan period, the poverty rate declined only marginally. But the pace of poverty reduction resumed between 2001 and 2004 and there are indications that during the first couple of years of the 11th plan poverty has continued to decline rapidly. The most recent official estimate of rural poverty in China for 2007 puts the number of poor at 14.79 million, or less than 2 percent of the rural population. While there is no official urban poverty line, estimates by others have found poverty levels in urban areas to be negligible using an urban poverty line that is comparable to the official poverty line for rural areas. These estimates thus suggest that only about 1 percent of China's population is currently in extreme poverty. Notwithstanding this tremendous success, the central thesis of this report is that the task of poverty reduction in many ways continues and in some respects has become more demanding.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20090414011802
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3033
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL INCOMES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subject
ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES
dc.subject
AVERAGE INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject
BASIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
BASIC HEALTH
dc.subject
BASIC HEALTHCARE
dc.subject
BASIC NEEDS
dc.subject
BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
CAPITA INCOMES
dc.subject
CHANGES IN POVERTY
dc.subject
CHRONIC POVERTY
dc.subject
COMPULSORY EDUCATION
dc.subject
CONCENTRATION OF LAND
dc.subject
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION POVERTY
dc.subject
CROSS-COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE
dc.subject
CURRENT POVERTY
dc.subject
DECLINE IN POVERTY
dc.subject
DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF LAND
dc.subject
DIVERSIFICATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REFORMS
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EDUCATED WORKERS
dc.subject
EDUCATION LEVEL
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EGALITARIAN DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FARM EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
FARM INCOME
dc.subject
FARM INCOMES
dc.subject
FARMERS
dc.subject
FOOD NEEDS
dc.subject
FOOD POVERTY
dc.subject
FORM OF POVERTY
dc.subject
GENDER GAP
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HEADCOUNT RATIO
dc.subject
HEALTH BUDGET
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD BUDGET
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HOUSING
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL ENDOWMENTS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME GAP
dc.subject
INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject
INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME SHOCKS
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INEQUITIES
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
LAND RIGHTS
dc.subject
LARGE CITIES
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
LOW POVERTY RATE
dc.subject
MEANS TESTING
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRANT WORKERS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MIGRATION FLOWS
dc.subject
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MINORITY
dc.subject
MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
NATIONAL POPULATION
dc.subject
NATIONAL POVERTY
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTERS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
OLD AGE
dc.subject
PENSIONS
dc.subject
PER-CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
POLICY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
POLICY ISSUES
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POOR AREAS
dc.subject
POOR COUNTIES
dc.subject
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POOR LIVING
dc.subject
POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject
POOR VILLAGES
dc.subject
POORER AREAS
dc.subject
POTENTIAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject
POVERTY ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY ASSESSMENT TEAM
dc.subject
POVERTY DATA
dc.subject
POVERTY ESTIMATES
dc.subject
POVERTY GAP
dc.subject
POVERTY HEADCOUNT RATE
dc.subject
POVERTY HEADCOUNT RATES
dc.subject
POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject
POVERTY LEVELS
dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
POVERTY RATE
dc.subject
POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION EFFORTS
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAM
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAMS
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
dc.subject
POVERTY SITUATION
dc.subject
POVERTY STATUS
dc.subject
POVERTY THRESHOLD
dc.subject
PRO-POOR
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
dc.subject
REDUCED POVERTY
dc.subject
REDUCING POVERTY
dc.subject
REDUCTION IN POVERTY
dc.subject
REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
RELATIVE CONTRIBUTION
dc.subject
RELATIVE RISK OF POVERTY
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
RURAL
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL COUNTIES
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RURAL GROWTH
dc.subject
RURAL HEALTH
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLD
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
RURAL INCOME
dc.subject
RURAL INCOMES
dc.subject
RURAL LABOR
dc.subject
RURAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
RURAL POOR
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
RURAL POVERTY
dc.subject
RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
RURAL PRICES
dc.subject
RURAL RESIDENTS
dc.subject
RURAL WORKERS
dc.subject
SAFETY NET
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY ENROLMENTS
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
SELECTION SYSTEM
dc.subject
SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SEX RATIO
dc.subject
SHORT-TERM TRAINING
dc.subject
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL POLICIES
dc.subject
SOCIAL POLICY
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
SUBSISTENCE
dc.subject
SURVIVAL RATE
dc.subject
TARGETING
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject
URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject
URBAN WORKERS
dc.subject
USER FEES
dc.subject
VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
VULNERABILITY
dc.subject
VULNERABILITY TO POVERTY
dc.subject
VULNERABLE GROUPS
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.title
China - From Poor Areas to Poor People : China’s Evolving Poverty Reduction Agenda - An Assessment of Poverty and Inequality in China
en
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20090414011802
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20090414011802
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10444409
okr.identifier.report
48058
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/04/14/000333038_20090414011802/Rendered/PDF/480580v10Revised0Box338876B01Public10.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.region.geographical
East Asia
okr.region.geographical
Asia
okr.sector
Public Administration
okr.sector
Law
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: General public administration sector
okr.theme
Poverty strategy
okr.theme
Poverty strategy, analysis and monitoring
okr.theme
Other economic management
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management
okr.theme
Economic management
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Services & Transfers to Poor
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Library & Archives ofDevelopment (ISGLA)
okr.volume
1 of 2

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