No Condition is Permanent: Middle Class in Nigeria in the Last Decade Corral, Paul Molini, Vasco Oseni, Gbemisola 2015-03-31T15:13:29Z 2015-03-31T15:13:29Z 2015-03
dc.description.abstract The economic debate on existence and definition of the middle class has become particularly lively in many developing countries. Despite this growing interest, the identification of the middle class group in these countries remains quite challenging. Building on a recently developed framework to define the middle class, this paper tries to estimate the Nigerian middle class size in a rigorous quantitative manner. By exploiting publicly available panel data, the expenditure associated to a 10 percent probability of falling into poverty is estimated, and this is used as the middle class threshold for Nigeria. The threshold expenditure for the middle class in Nigeria is found to be 378.39 Naira per capita per day (2010 PPP). Relying on this threshold and through survey-to-survey imputation the size of Nigeria's middle class in 2003 is also estimated. The results show that there has been considerable improvement on the size of the middle class and poverty reduction between 2003 and 2013. Poverty decreased between 2003 and 2013 from 45 to 33 percent, while the middle class increased from 13 percent to 19 percent. Nevertheless the results still paint a heterogeneous picture of poverty and the middle class in Nigeria, where the largest portion of the population, although above the poverty threshold, continues to live with average or high vulnerability to poverty. en
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank Group, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 7214
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject middle class
dc.subject vulnerability
dc.subject generalized maximum entropy
dc.subject regression analysis
dc.subject relative poverty
dc.title No Condition is Permanent en
dc.title.subtitle Middle Class in Nigeria in the Last Decade en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.type Document de travail fr
dc.type Documento de trabajo es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.associatedcontent Accepted journal manuscript 2015-03-16
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.globalpractice Poverty
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/1813-9450-7214 WPS7214
okr.language.supported en
okr.region.administrative Africa Nigeria
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Development Patterns and Poverty
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Living Standards
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Monitoring & Analysis
okr.unit Poverty Global Practice Group
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 562ed170-5271-5853-9c3c-a3ad9e16e176
relation.isAuthorOfPublication f86a19b9-9c7d-5180-8883-bd804150a4c2
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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