Gender and COVID-19: What Have We Learnt, One Year Later? De Paz Nieves, Carmen Gaddis, Isis Muller, Miriam 2021-06-24T15:25:37Z 2021-06-24T15:25:37Z 2021-06
dc.description.abstract One year into the COVID-19 pandemic, this paper takes stock of new data and analysis to provide an up-to date picture of how women and men have been affected differently in terms of endowments, economic conditions, and agency. With regards to health outcomes, men have suffered a disproportionate burden of COVID-19 mortality, and more men than women were diagnosed with COVID-19. On the other hand, the disruptions in service provision have worsened reproductive health outcomes in several countries. In terms of education, data is scarce but there is no evidence for the hypothesis that families redirected scarce resources to prioritize education of boys over girls. However, girls report having taken on the additional care burden to a larger extent than boys, with potential impacts on their learning time. In terms of labor market consequences, women were more likely than men to stop working and have borne the brunt of the increase in the demand for care work. Businesses with female top managers have also experienced disproportionately more negative impacts. Finally, with respect to voice and agency, the risk of violence has increased for women and girls, especially intimate partner violence. In addition, women have been under-represented in decision-making on COVID-19 and, in some contexts, disadvantaged in access to critical information. The paper concludes with highlighting the importance of collecting sex-disaggregated data to understand the gender-differentiated impacts of the pandemic. en
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9709
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject CORONAVIRUS
dc.subject COVID-19
dc.subject GENDER
dc.subject WOMEN
dc.subject HEALTH
dc.subject EDUCATION
dc.subject JOBS
dc.subject WOMEN'S AGENCY
dc.title Gender and COVID-19 en
dc.title.subtitle What Have We Learnt, One Year Later? en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.type Document de travail fr
dc.type Documento de trabajo es
dspace.entity.type Publication 2021-06-22
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.guid 446791624368460544
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/1813-9450-9709
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 090224b08872dbe1_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 33199028 WPS9709
okr.imported true en
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl en
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Economics
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Education
okr.topic Gender :: Gender and Health
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Employment and Shared Growth
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.topic Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.unit Poverty and Equity Global Practice
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 3d97a350-3f2c-5a24-ba00-a4d8f33f045a
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
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