Publication:
Does Regionalism Affect Trade Liberalization toward Non-Members?

dc.contributor.authorEstevadeordal, Antoni
dc.contributor.authorFreund, Caroline
dc.contributor.authorOrnelas, Emanuel
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-01T21:26:18Z
dc.date.available2012-06-01T21:26:18Z
dc.date.issued2008-10
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the effect of regionalism on unilateral trade liberalization using industry-level data on applied most-favored nation tariffs and bilateral preferences for ten Latin American countries from 1990 to 2001. The findings show that preferential tariff reduction in a given sector leads to a reduction in the external (most-favored nation) tariff in that sector. External liberalization is greater if preferences are granted to important suppliers. However, these "complementarity effects" of preferential liberalization on external liberalization do not arise in customs unions. Overall, the results suggest that concerns about a negative effect of preferential liberalization on external trade liberalization are unfounded.en
dc.identifierhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/10/9934137/regionalism-affect-trade-liberalization-toward-non-members
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10986/6936
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherWorld Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPolicy Research Working Paper; No. 4751
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holderWorld Bank
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subjectBALANCE OF PAYMENTS
dc.subjectBARGAINING POWER
dc.subjectBILATERAL AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectBILATERAL TRADE
dc.subjectBILATERAL TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectBLOC MEMBERS
dc.subjectCOMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subjectCONCESSION
dc.subjectCONSUMER SURPLUS
dc.subjectCURRENCY
dc.subjectCUSTOM UNIONS
dc.subjectCUSTOMS
dc.subjectCUSTOMS UNION
dc.subjectCUSTOMS UNIONS
dc.subjectDEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subjectDEVELOPING COUNTRY TARIFFS
dc.subjectDOMESTIC INDUSTRY
dc.subjectDOMESTIC PRICE
dc.subjectDUTY-FREE TREATMENT
dc.subjectECONOMIC COMMUNITY
dc.subjectECONOMIC INTEGRATION
dc.subjectENDOGENOUS TARIFF
dc.subjectENDOGENOUS TARIFF FORMATION
dc.subjectESCAPE CLAUSE
dc.subjectEUROPEAN UNION
dc.subjectEXPORT SECTOR
dc.subjectEXPORT SUPPLY
dc.subjectEXPORTERS
dc.subjectEXPORTS
dc.subjectEXTERNAL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectEXTERNAL TARIFF
dc.subjectEXTERNAL TARIFF STRUCTURE
dc.subjectEXTERNAL TARIFFS
dc.subjectEXTERNAL TRADE
dc.subjectEXTERNAL TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subjectEXTERNAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectEXTERNAL TRADE POLICIES
dc.subjectFINANCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subjectFORMATION OF CUSTOMS UNIONS
dc.subjectFREE ACCESS
dc.subjectFREE TRADE
dc.subjectFREE TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subjectFREE TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectFREE TRADE AREA
dc.subjectFREE TRADE AREAS
dc.subjectFREE TRADE ZONES
dc.subjectFREE TREATMENT
dc.subjectFREE-TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectGENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS
dc.subjectGENERAL EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subjectGLOBAL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectGLOBAL TRADING
dc.subjectHARMONIZATION
dc.subjectHIGH TARIFFS
dc.subjectHOME COUNTRY
dc.subjectHOME GOVERNMENT
dc.subjectIMPORT DEMAND
dc.subjectIMPORT SHARE
dc.subjectIMPORT TARIFF
dc.subjectIMPORT-COMPETING SECTOR
dc.subjectIMPORT-COMPETING SECTORS
dc.subjectIMPORTS
dc.subjectINTEGRATING COUNTRIES
dc.subjectINTERNAL FREE TRADE
dc.subjectINTERNAL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectINTERNAL TARIFFS
dc.subjectINTERNAL TRADE
dc.subjectINTERNAL TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL STANDARD
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL TRADE POLICY
dc.subjectLABOR STANDARDS
dc.subjectLEVEL OF PROTECTION
dc.subjectLOBBYING
dc.subjectMARKET ACCESS
dc.subjectMARKET POWER
dc.subjectMEMBER COUNTRIES
dc.subjectMFN TARIFFS
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL FREE TRADE
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL LEVEL
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL SYSTEM
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL TARIFF REDUCTION
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL TARIFFS
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL TRADE
dc.subjectMULTILATERAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectMULTILATERALISM
dc.subjectNON-MEMBER COUNTRIES
dc.subjectNON-TRADE AREAS
dc.subjectOPEN TRADE
dc.subjectOPTIMAL TARIFF
dc.subjectOPTIMAL TARIFFS
dc.subjectPERFECT COMPETITION
dc.subjectPOLICY RESEARCH
dc.subjectPOLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subjectPOLITICALLY SENSITIVE SECTORS
dc.subjectPREFERENCE EROSION
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL ACCESS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL MARGIN
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL MARGINS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL PARTNERS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL RATE
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL RATES
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL REDUCTION
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL REDUCTIONS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TARIFF
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TARIFF REDUCTION
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TARIFFS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TRADE
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TRADE ARRANGEMENT
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TRADING
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TRADING AREAS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TRADING ARRANGEMENTS
dc.subjectPREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
dc.subjectPROTECTION LEVELS
dc.subjectPROTECTIONISM
dc.subjectPROTECTIONIST
dc.subjectRECIPROCITY
dc.subjectREGIONAL AGREEMENT
dc.subjectREGIONAL AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectREGIONAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subjectREGIONAL INTEGRATION
dc.subjectREGIONAL PARTNERS
dc.subjectREGIONAL TRADE
dc.subjectREGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subjectREGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectREGIONAL TRADE BLOCS
dc.subjectREGIONAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectREGIONALISM
dc.subjectREGIONALIZATION
dc.subjectRULES OF ORIGIN
dc.subjectSIDE AGREEMENTS
dc.subjectSOURCING
dc.subjectSTANDARD ERRORS
dc.subjectTARIFF BINDINGS
dc.subjectTARIFF CHANGES
dc.subjectTARIFF CONCESSIONS
dc.subjectTARIFF CREATION
dc.subjectTARIFF CUTS
dc.subjectTARIFF DATA
dc.subjectTARIFF DIVERSION
dc.subjectTARIFF FORMATION
dc.subjectTARIFF INCREASES
dc.subjectTARIFF LEVELS
dc.subjectTARIFF LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectTARIFF LINE
dc.subjectTARIFF PREFERENCES
dc.subjectTARIFF RATES
dc.subjectTARIFF REDUCTIONS
dc.subjectTARIFF REVENUE
dc.subjectTERMS OF TRADE
dc.subjectTERMS OF TRADE LOSS
dc.subjectTERMS OF TRADE LOSSES
dc.subjectTRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subjectTRADE BLOC
dc.subjectTRADE BLOCS
dc.subjectTRADE CHANGES
dc.subjectTRADE CONCESSIONS
dc.subjectTRADE CREATING
dc.subjectTRADE DATA
dc.subjectTRADE DIVERSION
dc.subjectTRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectTRADE LOSSES
dc.subjectTRADE OBJECTIVES
dc.subjectTRADE OPENNESS
dc.subjectTRADE PARTNER
dc.subjectTRADE POLICIES
dc.subjectTRADE POLICY
dc.subjectTRADE PREFERENCES
dc.subjectTRADE REFORM
dc.subjectTRADE ROUND
dc.subjectTRADE SYSTEM
dc.subjectTRADE THEORY
dc.subjectTRADING BLOCS
dc.subjectTRADING PARTNERS
dc.subjectUNILATERAL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectUNILATERAL TRADE
dc.subjectUNILATERAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subjectWAGE RATE
dc.subjectWORLD ECONOMY
dc.subjectWORLD MARKETS
dc.subjectWORLD PRICE
dc.subjectWORLD PRICES
dc.subjectWORLD TRADE
dc.subjectWORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
dc.subjectWORLD TRADING SYSTEM
dc.titleDoes Regionalism Affect Trade Liberalization toward Non-Members?en
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.doctypePublications & Research::Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctypePublications & Research
okr.docurlhttp://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/10/9934137/regionalism-affect-trade-liberalization-toward-non-members
okr.globalpracticeGovernance
okr.globalpracticeTrade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpracticeTrade and Competitiveness
okr.identifier.doi10.1596/1813-9450-4751
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum000158349_20081014133207
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum9934137
okr.identifier.reportWPS4751
okr.language.supporteden
okr.pdfurlhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/10/14/000158349_20081014133207/Rendered/PDF/WPS4751.pdfen
okr.sectorIndustry and trade :: Other domestic and international trade
okr.themeEconomic management :: Other economic management
okr.topicInternational Economics and Trade::Trade Policy
okr.topicInternational Economics and Trade::Trade and Regional Integration
okr.topicInternational Economics and Trade::International Trade and Trade Rules
okr.topicLaw and Development::Trade Law
okr.topicInternational Economics and Trade::Free Trade
okr.unitDevelopment Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume1 of 1
relation.isAuthorOfPublication65ba4a02-ba22-5c96-8e04-6b9356d619e0
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery65ba4a02-ba22-5c96-8e04-6b9356d619e0
relation.isSeriesOfPublication26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
relation.isSeriesOfPublication.latestForDiscovery26e071dc-b0bf-409c-b982-df2970295c87
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
WPS4751.pdf
Size:
341.69 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
WPS4751.txt
Size:
133.34 KB
Format:
Plain Text
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
1.71 KB
Format:
Plain Text
Description: