Publication:
What Matters for Learning in Malawi? Evidence from the Malawi Longitudinal School Survey

dc.contributor.authorAsim, Salman
dc.contributor.authorCasley Gera, Ravinder
dc.date.accessioned2024-01-23T18:09:51Z
dc.date.available2024-01-23T18:09:51Z
dc.date.issued2024-06-10
dc.description.abstractSince the introduction of free primary education in 1994, Malawi has achieved rapid expansion in access to school, but the resulting rapid growth in enrollments have outstripped the increase in resources and capacity of the system to deliver learning. The result is an education system with widespread overcrowding and large disparities in conditions, access, and learning outcomes between schools. "What Matters for Learning in Malawi? Evidence from the Malawi Longitudinal School Survey" presents one of the most comprehensive pictures ever presented of conditions, practices, and learning outcomes in a low-income country. Using data from a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of more than 500 schools; 4,000 teachers; and a gender-balanced, random sample of more than 13,000 grade 4 students, this book presents a robust analysis of the school-, teacher-, and student-level characteristics that prevent students from learning. The analysis reveals a strong relationship between the remoteness of a school’s location and inequities in school conditions, including the availability and condition of infrastructure, teaching and learning materials, finance, staffing, and supervision. Large class sizes limit the effectiveness of even skilled and highly motivated teachers. Poor learning outcomes are also evident in schools with high proportions of students who have illiterate parents; speak minority languages; are older than the typical age for their grade; and, particularly, have a poor mindset. A dedicated chapter focused on girls’ learning shows that student-level characteristics account for the majority of variation in learning outcomes; of those characteristics, gender is associated with the biggest inequities. The book introduces a new Disadvantage Index (DI) as tool to understand the ways in which multiple dimensions of disadvantage at the school level interact, and it models the impact of investing in low-cost classrooms and additional lower primary teachers at the most disadvantaged schools. What Matters for Learning in Malawi? will be of interest to researchers, educators, and policy makers who have an interest in improving learning outcomes in low-income countries and populations.
dc.identifier.doi10.1596/978-1-4648-2052-6
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-4648-2052-6
dc.identifier.urihttps://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/40948
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWashington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Development in Focus
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holderWorld Bank
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subjectEDUCATION AND LEARNING
dc.subjectREMOTE SCHOOLS
dc.subjectTEACHERS
dc.subjectLEARNING DISADVANTAGES
dc.subjectFEMALE STUDENTS
dc.subjectGIRLS' LEARNING
dc.subjectSDG 4
dc.titleWhat Matters for Learning in Malawi? Evidence from the Malawi Longitudinal School Surveyen
dc.typeBook
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.date.disclosure2024-06-10
okr.doctypePublications & Research
okr.identifier.docmidP154185
okr.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1596/40948
okr.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1596/40948
okr.language.supporteden
okr.region.administrativeEast Africa
okr.region.countryMalawi
okr.topicEducation::Curriculum & Instruction
okr.topicEducation::Education Reform and Management
okr.topicGender::Gender and Education
relation.isAuthorOfPublication5c651e6d-01e3-496b-bf34-bc52d96d2f6f
relation.isAuthorOfPublicationf452b8ba-f1ef-4c61-82a9-46767f5e7f5e
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery5c651e6d-01e3-496b-bf34-bc52d96d2f6f
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
9781464820526.pdf
Size:
2.8 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
MLSS Technical Appendix.pdf
Size:
847.92 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Technical Appendix
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
1.71 KB
Format:
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission
Description: