Dire Straits: The Crisis Surrounding Poverty, Conflict, and Water in the Republic of Yemen World Bank 2017-07-05T22:12:14Z 2017-07-05T22:12:14Z 2017-06
dc.description.abstract This report is part of a global set of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for All (WASH) diagnostics carried out in countries where WASH services for the poor are deficient and where their might be institutional constraints to improving coverage and services. The Republic of Yemen is an important case because it has an active armed conflict, a plausible increase in poverty over the last decade, and the weakest performance on WASH-related indicators in the region. Analyzing the situation in the Republic of Yemen is significant yet difficult due to the country’s political turmoil since 2011, and, since 2014, the violent and destructive armed conflict. Advances in WASH provision made over the last decade been halted, and the wholesale physical destruction, institutional degradation, and movement of internally displaced people (IDPs) have contributed to an alarming deterioration in WASH services (DAS 2016). The goal of this report is to develop a better understanding of: (a) poverty in the Republic of Yemen; (b) the levels of WASH access and service delivery; and (c) the institutional (and to some extent political and economic) constraints to WASH delivery in the Republic of Yemen, recognizing that this is mostly a pre-conflict analysis. The report also provides pointers for how WASH strategies and investments may be recalibrated in the post-conflict period to assist both short-term recovery and medium-term structured development, and how short- and medium-term strategies may fit into a long-term vision of universal access to safe water and sanitation. These suggestions are given with priority to the poor, and noting the country’s extreme water scarcity. The diagnostic utilizes the Household Budget Survey (HBS) of 2005/06 and 2014, which are nationally representative household surveys (WHO/UNICEF 2014). The HBS data contain information on the household roster, activities, dwelling conditions, health, education, anthropometrics, income, durable goods, and consumption. In addition, the National Health and Demographic Survey 2013 complements HBS datasets and is also used. With regard to the institutional analyses, the diagnostic relies on a largely desk based analysis to identify core problem areas for further investigation and desk-based mapping of structures and relationships to identify a set of priority problems. It relies onthe availability of relevant data and secondary literature. Therefore, this diagnostic generates hypotheses to be further tested and indicates areas for further analysis. Further, given the conflict in the Republic of Yemen, the diagnostic focuses on short-term sector reconstruction efforts than on longer term institutional reform, although the latter is important given the extreme water security situation in the Republic of Yemen, and therefore remains within the report’s line of sight. en
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject HYGIENE
dc.subject POVERTY
dc.subject CONFLICT
dc.subject CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject NUTRITION
dc.subject GENDER
dc.title Dire Straits en
dc.title.subtitle The Crisis Surrounding Poverty, Conflict, and Water in the Republic of Yemen en
dc.type Report en
dc.type Rapport fr
dc.type Informe es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.crossref.title Dire Straits 2017-07-04
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
okr.identifier.doi 10.1596/27531
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 090224b084d84d83_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 27706735 117111
okr.imported true
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl en
okr.region.administrative Middle East and North Africa Yemen, Republic of
okr.sector Water, Sanitation and Waste Management
okr.theme Public sector governance
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Access of Poor to Social Services
okr.topic Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Diagnostics
okr.topic Water Supply and Sanitation :: Water Supply and Sanitation Economics
okr.topic Water Supply and Sanitation :: Water Utility Services to the Poor
okr.unit Water Middle East&N.AfricaRegion (GWA05)
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