Publication:
Cities of Hope? Governance, Economic, and Human Challenges of Kenya's Five Largest Cities

dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-14T16:51:17Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-14T16:51:17Z
dc.date.issued 2008-12
dc.description.abstract After many decades of stagnation, Kenyan economy started to grow from the early-2000s. Much of this growth has been attributed to total factor productivity improvements in Kenyan economy arising out of many factors. A large share of this growth originated in urban areas, in the service and manufacturing sectors. These gains also paralleled reduction in poverty and higher enrolment in primary education. Yet, it has been argued that Kenyan cities, especially Nairobi, are not realizing their potential to contribute to economic growth and poverty reduction. Rapid urbanization has left Kenyan cities with huge backlogs in critical infrastructure and basic services, resulting in sprawling, overcrowded and impoverished informal settlements. The management of these cities has been dogged by fragmentation in responsibilities, lack of accountability at the local level, and weak capacities of key institutions. Within 20 years or so, the majority of the Kenyan population are expected be living in urban areas. This scale of urbanization will pose further socio-economic, environmental and institutional challenges for Kenyan cities. The Government's vision 2030 has highlighted rapid urbanization as one of four key challenges for the country alongside income inequality, unemployment and low savings. Despite their notable demographic and economic weights of urban centers in Kenya, there is no single study that gives a comprehensive overview of the urban landscape in Kenya. The objective of this sector work is to fill that gap by documenting and analyzing the situation in Kenya's five largest urban centers. The study aims to provide data and analysis regarding the state of these cities to help inform the evolving urban agenda in Kenya and to provide inputs into the preparation of the Kenya Municipal Program (KMP). en
dc.identifier http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/12/14041876/cities-hope-governance-economic-human-challenges-kenyas-five-largest-cities
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/8024
dc.language English
dc.publisher Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM
dc.subject AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject ANTI-CORRUPTION
dc.subject AUTHORIZATION
dc.subject BRIBERY
dc.subject BUREAUCRACY
dc.subject BUSINESS CLIMATE
dc.subject BUSINESS ENTERPRISES
dc.subject BUSINESS PERMIT
dc.subject BUSINESS SERVICES
dc.subject CENTRAL AGENCIES
dc.subject CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject CENTRALIZATION
dc.subject CITIES
dc.subject CITIES ALLIANCE
dc.subject CITIZEN
dc.subject CITIZENS
dc.subject CITY COUNCILS
dc.subject CITY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject CITY GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject CITY MANAGEMENT
dc.subject CITY RESIDENTS
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject COALITIONS
dc.subject CONSENSUS
dc.subject CONSTITUENCY
dc.subject CONSTITUTION
dc.subject CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
dc.subject CONSTITUTIONALISM
dc.subject COOPERATIVE HOUSING
dc.subject CRIME
dc.subject DECENTRALIZATION
dc.subject DEVOLUTION
dc.subject DISTRICTS
dc.subject DYSFUNCTIONAL GOVERNANCE
dc.subject ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
dc.subject EMERGENCY POWERS
dc.subject ENACTMENT
dc.subject ENFORCEABILITY
dc.subject EXECUTION
dc.subject EXPENDITURE
dc.subject FINANCIAL HEALTH
dc.subject FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject FISCAL ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject FISCAL MANAGEMENT
dc.subject FOREIGN EXCHANGE
dc.subject FORMAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject GOOD GOVERNANCE
dc.subject GOVERNANCE REFORMS
dc.subject GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY
dc.subject GOVERNMENT FINANCE
dc.subject GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES
dc.subject GOVERNMENT POLICY
dc.subject GOVERNMENT REVENUES
dc.subject GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION
dc.subject GROWTH RATE
dc.subject GROWTH RATES
dc.subject HEAD OF STATE
dc.subject HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subject HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject INCOME
dc.subject INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject INEQUALITY
dc.subject INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject INFORMAL HOUSING
dc.subject INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS
dc.subject INTERGOVERNMENTAL FISCAL RELATIONS
dc.subject INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES
dc.subject JUDICIARY
dc.subject LACK OF ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject LACK OF OWNERSHIP
dc.subject LAND REFORM
dc.subject LAND USE
dc.subject LARGE CITIES
dc.subject LEGISLATURE
dc.subject LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT
dc.subject LOCAL ADMINISTRATIONS
dc.subject LOCAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject LOCAL AUTHORITY
dc.subject LOCAL GOVERNANCE
dc.subject LOCAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject LOCAL GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject LOCAL LEVEL
dc.subject LOCAL OFFICIALS
dc.subject MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
dc.subject MINISTRY OF FINANCE
dc.subject MUNICIPAL COUNCILS
dc.subject MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject NATIONS
dc.subject NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject PARLIAMENT
dc.subject PARTICIPATORY PLANNING
dc.subject PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject POLITICAL COMPETITION
dc.subject POLITICAL CRISIS
dc.subject POLITICAL DEBATE
dc.subject POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject POLITICAL FORCES
dc.subject POLITICAL INSTABILITY
dc.subject POLITICAL INTERFERENCE
dc.subject POLITICAL LEADERS
dc.subject POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
dc.subject POLITICAL PARTIES
dc.subject POLITICAL POWER
dc.subject POLITICAL STABILITY
dc.subject POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY
dc.subject POLITICIANS
dc.subject POOR PERFORMANCE
dc.subject PRESIDENCY
dc.subject PRESIDENTIAL POWERS
dc.subject PRESIDENTS
dc.subject PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject PRIME MINISTER
dc.subject PUBLIC
dc.subject PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject PUBLIC AGENCIES
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject PUBLIC INVESTMENT
dc.subject PUBLIC INVESTMENTS
dc.subject PUBLIC OFFICIALS
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICIES
dc.subject PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS
dc.subject PUBLIC PROCUREMENT
dc.subject PUBLIC PROCUREMENT ACT
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject PUBLIC UTILITIES
dc.subject QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject QUALITY OF URBAN LIFE
dc.subject REFERENDUM
dc.subject REFUGEES
dc.subject REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject REPRESENTATIVES
dc.subject RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject REVENUE COLLECTION
dc.subject REVOLUTION
dc.subject SANITATION FACILITIES
dc.subject SECURITY OF TENURE
dc.subject SENATE
dc.subject SERVICE CHARGE
dc.subject SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject SEWERAGE
dc.subject SLUM AREAS
dc.subject SLUM DWELLERS
dc.subject SLUM RESIDENTS
dc.subject SLUM SETTLEMENTS
dc.subject SLUM UPGRADING
dc.subject SLUM UPGRADING PROGRAM
dc.subject SLUMS
dc.subject SOCIAL CAPITAL
dc.subject SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject SOCIAL INDICATORS
dc.subject SOLID WASTE
dc.subject SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject STAKEHOLDER PARTICIPATION
dc.subject STAKEHOLDER WORKSHOPS
dc.subject STAKEHOLDERS
dc.subject TAX REVENUES
dc.subject TENURE SECURITY
dc.subject TOURISM
dc.subject TOURISTS
dc.subject TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject URBAN AREAS
dc.subject URBAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject URBAN ECONOMY
dc.subject URBAN GOVERNANCE
dc.subject URBAN GROWTH
dc.subject URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject URBAN INVESTMENT
dc.subject URBAN MANAGEMENT
dc.subject URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject URBAN POOR
dc.subject URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject URBAN POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject URBAN POPULATIONS
dc.subject URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject URBAN RESIDENTS
dc.subject URBAN ROADS
dc.subject URBAN SECTOR
dc.subject URBAN SERVICES
dc.subject URBAN SPRAWL
dc.subject URBAN TRANSITION
dc.subject URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject URBAN UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject URBANIZATION
dc.subject UTILITIES
dc.subject UTILITY COMPANIES
dc.subject WASTE COLLECTION
dc.subject WATER SERVICES
dc.subject YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.title Cities of Hope? Governance, Economic, and Human Challenges of Kenya's Five Largest Cities en
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.date.disclosure 2011-04-11
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/12/14041876/cities-hope-governance-economic-human-challenges-kenyas-five-largest-cities
okr.globalpractice Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice Governance
okr.globalpractice Governance
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 000333037_20110411233926
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 14041876
okr.identifier.report 46988
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/04/11/000333037_20110411233926/Rendered/PDF/469880ESW0Whit10Cities0Report0Final.pdf en
okr.region.administrative Africa
okr.region.country Kenya
okr.sector Sub-national government administration
okr.sector Solid waste management
okr.sector Public administration- Finance
okr.sector Water, sanitation and flood protection sector
okr.sector General transportation sector
okr.topic Public Sector Management and Reform
okr.topic Urban Development :: Municipal Financial Management
okr.topic Governance :: National Governance
okr.topic Urban Development :: City Development Strategies
okr.topic Governance :: Governance Indicators
okr.topic Public Sector Development
okr.unit Urban & Water (AFTUW)
okr.volume 1 of 1
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