Policy Barriers to International Trade in Services: Evidence from a New Database

creativeworkseries.issn 1564-698X Borchert, Ingo Gootiiz, Batshur Mattoo, Aaditya 2015-08-28T19:10:36Z 2015-08-28T19:10:36Z 2014-01-23
dc.description.abstract Surprisingly little is known about policies that affect international trade in services. Previous analyses have focused on policy commitments made by countries in international agreements, but in many cases, these commitments do not reflect actual policy. This paper describes a new initiative to collect comparable information on trade policies for services from 103 countries across a range of service sectors and relevant modes of service delivery. The resulting database reveals interesting policy patterns. Although public monopolies are now rare and few services markets are completely closed, we observe numerous “second-generation” restrictions on entry, ownership, and operations. Even in instances in which there is little explicit discrimination against foreign providers, market access is often unpredictable because the allocation of new licenses remains opaque and highly discretionary in many countries. Across regions, some of the fastest-growing countries in Asia and the oil-rich Gulf states have restrictive policies in services, whereas some of the poorest countries are remarkably open. Across sectors, professional and transportation services are among the most protected industries in both industrial and developing countries, whereas retail, telecommunications, and even finance tend to be more open. en
dc.identifier.citation World Bank Economic Review
dc.identifier.issn 1564-698X
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries World Bank Economic Review
dc.rights CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.subject air passenger
dc.subject air services
dc.subject automobile
dc.subject automobile insurance
dc.subject freight
dc.subject maritime transport
dc.subject passenger services
dc.subject passenger transport
dc.subject rail
dc.subject railway sector
dc.subject transportation
dc.subject transportation service
dc.title Policy Barriers to International Trade in Services en
dc.title.subtitle Evidence from a New Database en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.type Article de journal fr
dc.type Artículo de revista es
dspace.entity.type Publication
dspace.entity.type Publication 2015-08-28
okr.doctype Publications & Research
okr.doctype Publications & Research :: Journal Article
okr.globalpractice Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice Trade and Competitiveness
okr.identifier.doi 10.1093/wber/lht017
okr.journal.nbpages 162-188
okr.language.supported en
okr.peerreview Academic Peer Review
okr.region.geographical Asia
okr.region.geographical Europe
okr.region.geographical European Union
okr.region.geographical Middle East
okr.topic International Economics and Trade :: Competition Policy
okr.topic International Economics and Trade :: Trade Policy
okr.topic International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Services
okr.topic International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Transport
okr.topic Transport
okr.unit Trade and International Integration Team, Development Research Group
okr.volume 28(1)
relation.isJournalIssueOfPublication 41a5be23-9bbe-48c9-93d8-d94889613a2f
relation.isJournalOfPublication c41eae2f-cf94-449d-86b7-f062aebe893f
relation.isJournalVolumeOfPublication e634dfbe-6d7f-459a-95e3-71acdc33f423
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