Publication:
Russian Federation: Agriculture Support Policies and Performance

dc.contributor.author World Bank
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-14T19:31:46Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-14T19:31:46Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11-20
dc.description.abstract Since 2013, the performance of Russian agriculture can fairly be described as remarkable. On average, Russian agriculture has been growing faster (3.3 percent per year) than gross domestic product (GDP) (0.9 percent per year). Increasing food exports and decreasing imports have led to a fall in the agricultural trade deficit from nearly US27 billion dollars in 2013 to about US5 billion dollars in 2018. As a result of this performance, Russian self-sufficiency targets have been met in all commodities except for milk production. Despite this positive trajectory, Russian agriculture is operating at less than its potential. Several studies have called attention to abandoned land as proof that Russian agriculture is underperforming. Currently, Russia uses just over half of registered agricultural lands (Uzun, 2017a). However, only 5-10 percent of total croplands could feasibly be brought back into production. Moreover, increases in gross agricultural output in OECD countries, as well as in Russia, come overwhelmingly from yield increases and not from increases in area. This report presents a general overview of Russian agriculture performance and policy, focusing on both the achievements of the past few years and the limits to that performance. It begins with a broad survey of production, land use, livestock, productivity and trade (chapter one). It then focuses on policies in the State Program for the Development of Agriculture in Russia, the types of support, distribution of subsidies, and the effectiveness of the Program (chapter two). It then focuses on how Russian support differs from support in OECD and other countries (chapter three). It ends with a conclusion on what can be done for Russian agriculture to operate closer to its potential (chapter four). en
dc.identifier http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/280571624592318375/Russian-Federation-Agriculture-Support-Policies-and-Performance
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35909
dc.language English
dc.publisher World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder World Bank
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL SUPPORT
dc.subject LAND USE
dc.subject PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject SUBSIDIES
dc.subject FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS
dc.title Russian Federation en
dc.title.subtitle Agriculture Support Policies and Performance en
dc.type Report en
dc.type Rapport fr
dc.type Informe es
dspace.entity.type Publication
okr.date.disclosure 2021-06-25
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work
okr.doctype Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study
okr.docurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/280571624592318375/Russian-Federation-Agriculture-Support-Policies-and-Performance
okr.guid 280571624592318375
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum 090224b08874d4f9_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum 33211337
okr.identifier.report AUS0001585
okr.imported true en
okr.language.supported en
okr.pdfurl http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/280571624592318375/pdf/Russian-Federation-Agriculture-Support-Policies-and-Performance.pdf en
okr.region.administrative Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country Russian Federation
okr.topic Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Expenditure Policy
okr.topic Agriculture :: Agricultural Sector Economics
okr.topic Agriculture :: Food Security
okr.topic International Economics and Trade :: Export Competitiveness
okr.unit Agriculture Global Practice
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