Reyes, Joel E.

Education Global Practice
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Education, Fragility, Conflict, and Violence, School-based management, Change management
Education Global Practice
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Last updated January 31, 2023
Joel Reyes is senior institutional development specialist (Education Sector), with 25 years of experience in the World Bank. His professional and research interests focus on complex social and educational change. He led the design of the World Bank’s work on Education Resilience Approaches (ERA), within the System Assessment for Better Education Results (SABER). As part of his applied work in crises, he supports Ministries of Education in their transition from emergency response to on-going development efforts. In his doctoral research, he developed the “Transformative Resilience Framework”, aimed at guiding more relevant research of education change in complex contexts.

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    Transformative Resilience Guide : Gender, Violence, and Education
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2013) Reyes, Joel E. ; Kelcey, Jo ; Diaz Varela, Andrea
    The Education Resilience Approaches (ERA) program is developing frameworks and tools to understand the role and impact of education in conflict- and violence-affected contexts. This guide is for researchers, evaluators, and planners supporting education policy and program development in contexts of gender-related violence. It outlines a conceptual framework to support the collection, interpretation, and use of gender- and resilience-related information. In addition, it also includes how-to advice to think through crucial issues, which may arise when assessing areas of protection for people in all levels of an education system who experience gender-related violence, as well as to promote improved educational outcome. This guide is divided into two parts, plus an initial chapter on general aspects of gender and resilience in situations of conflict and violence. Together, the parts present, respectively, core guidance on gender-related risks and assets, and the ways that schools, communities, and education systems can respond to protect education actors from gender-related violence, as well as contribute to mitigating the sources of such violence. Each chapter has a list of core principles related to its focus, along with recommended resources. In Part 1, chapters 2 and 3 provide a broad framework and specific multi-level examples of gender-related risks and assets. Most importantly, it presents a list of essential principles, tools, and resources for researchers, evaluators, and program designers as they conduct their own specific gender, violence, and education assessments. Part 2 is focused on institutional issues. Chapter 4 discusses the ways that positive interactions between schools and communities can prevent gender-based violence and foster gender equity. Chapter 5 considers the education policies, programs, institutions, and services that address the sources of gender-related risks and craft solutions for positive education outcomes. Examples of institutional practices illustrate how a transformative resilience framework and gender principles can be operationalized within the policies, programs, and budgets of education systems.