Wiederer, Christina

Trade and Competitiveness
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Fields of Specialization
International trade, Trade logistics, Connectivity, Trade facilitation
Trade and Competitiveness
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Last updated January 31, 2023
Christina Wiederer (born Christina Busch) is an Economist at the World Bank Group in Washington, DC. She is a member of the Global Trade and Regional Integration team within the Macroeconomics, Trade, and Investment Global Practice. She has led and contributed to analytical, advisory and lending activities in the areas of trade logistics, connectivity, regional integration, and trade facilitation. She is a co-author of the World Bank’s 2014, 2016, and 2018 Logistics Performance Index (LPI), as well as several other World Bank publications on international trade, logistics, and connectivity. Christina holds an M.Sc. degree in Economics (Diplom-Volkswirtin) from Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin and a Master of Public Administration degree from Columbia University. She is currently pursuing a PhD in Economics at Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
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    Connecting to Compete 2014 : Trade Logistics in the Global Economy--The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014) Arvis, Jean-François ; Saslavsky, Daniel ; Ojala, Lauri ; Shepherd, Ben ; Busch, Christina ; Raj, Anasuya
    Improving logistics performance is at the core of the economic growth and competitiveness agenda. Policymakers globally recognize the logistics sector as one of their key pillars for development. Trade powerhouses in Europe like the Netherlands or in developing countries like Vietnam or Indonesia see seamless and sustainable logistics as an engine of growth and of integration with global value chains. Indeed, inefficient logistics raises the costs of trading and reduces the potential for global integration. This is a hefty burden for developing countries trying to compete in the global marketplace. Since 2007, the Logistics Performance
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    Connecting to Compete 2016: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy--The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-06-28) Arvis, Jean-François ; Saslavsky, Daniel ; Ojala, Lauri ; Shepherd, Ben ; Busch, Christina ; Raj, Anasuya ; Naula, Tapio
    The LPI has provided valuable information for policy makers, traders, and other stakeholders, including researchers and academics, on the role of logistics for growth and the policies needed to support logistics in areas such as infrastructure planning, service provision, and crossborder trade and transport facilitation. The results of Connecting to Compete 2016 point to Germany as the best performing country, with an LPI score of 4.23, and Syria as the lowest, with a score of 1.60 (equivalent to 19 percent of Germany’s score on a scale from 1 to 5). The converging trend between the top and worst performers that appeared in the previous LPI surveys (2007, 2010, 2012, and 2014) seems to have slightly reversed. The average scores in each quintile reveal that the gap between the top 2 quintiles and the countries at the bottom in performance is widening again.
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    Connecting to Compete 2018: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-07-24) Arvis, Jean-François ; Ojala, Lauri ; Wiederer, Christina ; Shepherd, Ben ; Raj, Anasuya ; Dairabayeva, Karlygash ; Kiiski, Tuomas
    This is the sixth edition of Connecting to Compete, a report summarizing the findings from the new dataset for the Logistics Performance Index (LPI) and its component indicators. The 2018 LPI also provides expanded data on supply chain performance and constraints in more than 100 countries, including information on time, distance and reliability, and ratings on domestic infrastructure quality, services, and border agencies. The 2018 LPI encapsulates the firsthand knowledge of movers of international trade. This information is relevant for policymakers and the private sector seeking to identify reform priorities for “soft” and “hard” trade and logistics infrastructure. Findings include: • Gaps in logistics performance between the bottom and top performers persist. • Supply chain reliability and service quality are strongly associated with logistics performance. • Infrastructure and trade facilitation initiatives still play an important role in assuring basic connectivity and access to gateways for most developing countries. • The logistics policy agenda continues to broaden, with growing focus on supply chain resilience, cyber security, environmental sustainability, and skills shortages.
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    Logistics Competencies, Skills, and Training: A Global Overview
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2017-08-10) McKinnon, Alan ; Flöthmann, Christoph ; Hoberg, Kai ; Busch, Christina
    Despite the spread of automation and new supply chain management paradigms, logistics remains dependent on a rather specific set of skills and competencies, whether for managerial, administrative, or blue-collar jobs, such as trucking or warehousing. This dependence implies that the logistical performance of businesses, industries, and nation states is strongly influenced by the quantity and quality of the workforce. Insufficient resources of a competent and properly trained workforce in logistics adversely affect the quality of service, reduce productivity in sectors dependent on logistics, and ultimately reduce trade competitiveness. While other interventions that affect logistics performance—such as international infrastructures, trade corridors, regulations, and services—have already been reviewed extensively, this report is the first to cover the contributions of human resources and explore how to develop skills and improve competencies, especially in developing countries. The study proposes a framework for the skills needed according to the logistics activity (such as transportation or warehousing) or the type and level of responsibility. Based on several sources, including recent surveys carried out by the World Bank and the Kühne Logistics University, the report uncovers where the skills constraints are according to the type of job or countries. Findings include that logistics is an industry struggling to hire skilled workers, although with differences between developed countries (where trucker shortages are more acute) and developing economies (where managerial shortages are more widespread). Typically, blue-collar logistics jobs have lower status and lower pay than blue-collar jobs in other industries; they are thus less attractive for skilled workers. In developing countries with a potentially available workforce, lack of vocational preparation for careers in logistics means that less-skilled workers are not easily re-skilled. Logistics tasks at the upper end of the occupational hierarchy and those with high information technology content often require an upskilling of employees to keep pace with new technology. Yet the problem is not confined to recruitment. The surveys point to limited resources, money, and staff time allocated to training, especially in developing countries. Realizing the promise of quality jobs from the growth of logistics worldwide requires a coordinated effort by logistics companies, professional associations, training providers, and policy makers. Through a combination of facilitation, regulation, advice, financial instruments, and land use planning, governments can exert significant influence.