Arizti, Pedro

Governance Global Practice
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Public Economics, Decentralization, Institutional Reform
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Governance Global Practice
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Last updated January 31, 2023
Pedro Arizti is an economist working as Senior Public Sector Specialist in the Governance Practice at the World Bank. Since joining in 2003, he has worked across several regions covering the EU Member States based in Zagreb, South Asia based in New Delhi and Latin America based in Bogota. He has led multiple operations and published on areas related to institutional performance, budget management, monitoring and evaluation and fiscal and administrative decentralization. Before joining the World Bank, Pedro worked in the private sector for several years focusing on budget and financial management. Pedro studied economics at the Universidad Comercial de Deusto, has a post graduate degree in development from the University of the Basque Country and a master’s in international affairs from Columbia University.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
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    Institutionalizing Performance in the Public Sector in LAC : The Case of Mexico
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-07) Manning, Nick ; Arizti, Pedro ; Senderowitsch, Roby
    Mexico, like other Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) governments, is committed to improving the performance of the public sector. An important first step is to gather objective information that enables governments to measure progress towards achieving their policy and program goals. As well as potentially improving decision making by politicians and civil servants provided with higher quality information on the performance of departments/agencies and programs, this information can enhance transparency and accountability to the public and the legislature. The Government of Mexico (GoM)'s new results-based budgeting initiative is anchored in a new legal framework, establishing the Performance Evaluation System or Sistema de Evaluacion del Desempeno (SED) that will provide data on the performance of publicly-financed programs and organizations as inputs to the budget cycle. These performance data include consolidated data from program evaluations or other sources on the outputs and impact/effectiveness of public expenditures; and data on the quality of public management, which is the focus of a new Management Improvement Program.
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    Public Investment Management in Colombia
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-03) Martín, Tomás ; Guzmán, Pablo Andres ; Lizundia, Eguiar ; Arizti, Pedro
    The Colombian Government has made significant progress in the implementation of effective processes, practices, and methodologies for public investment management (PIM). A 2011 IMF-published report ranked Colombia among the top 5 countries with best PIM practices out of a sample of 71 low- and middle-income countries (Dabla-Norris and others, 2011). The report assessed the following 4 key features: (a) strategic guidance and project review, (b) project selection and budgeting, (c) project implementation, and (d) project evaluation and auditing. Colombia was deemed to have achieved a good performance on 3 out of the 4 key features. Nevertheless, the country’s PIM system still faces the need for areas of improvement identified by the World Bank’s PIM framework. This framework allows for identification of not only the presence of must-have features in PIM systems that are key to promoting effective and efficient public investment but also if those features are implemented in the field and if they have achieved their intended purpose. In the case of Colombia, the main challenges identified were related to the broad implementation of tools designed, particularly for management of public investment projects as well as with the fractioning of standards and practices, and the overemphasis placed on formal controls during the formulation and project implementation stages. In addition, the country PIM processes had weaknesses in terms of the review and ex post project evaluation. This document summarizes the main findings of a PIM study carried out in Colombia in 2015. The document includes an analytical framework for assessing public investment management and presents the assessment results as well as improvement recommendations to strengthen the institutional set-up to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of public investment in Colombia.
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    Results, Performance Budgeting and Trust in Government
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2010) Arizti, Pedro ; Brumby, Jim ; Manning, Nick ; Senderowitsch, Roby ; Thomas, Theo ; Arizti, Pedro ; Brumby, Jim ; Manning, Nick ; Senderowitsch, Roby ; Thomas, Theo
    The book identifies four categories of performance budgeting, namely direct performance budgeting, performance informed budget (PIB), opportunistic performance budgeting and presentational performance budgeting. While the Conference papers often refer to performance budgeting broadly defined, much of the book focuses on PIB, the most common category of performance budgeting adopted to date, making the argument that this is likely to be the most applicable in many Latin American countries. The book combines two seemingly diverse governance topics, adopts contrasting analytic styles to address these, and seeks to draw out their inter-connections, with particular reference to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Latin American countries. The first topic is PIB, which is discussed largely from the practical perspective of policy makers and practitioners, reflecting that it is a major public administration reform that has been underway for several decades. The second topic is the trust of citizens and firms in government. This book is divided into seven chapters. Chapter one provides an overview of PIB, building on two decades of experience and lesson-learning, and sets out the key themes that provide the basis for the discussions in the subsequent chapters. Chapter two introduces the concept of trust in government, particularly in OECD and Latin American countries, and explores why this matters for development. Chapters three, four, and five explore key dimensions of PIB, including the institutional foundations, the production of performance information, and the uses of performance information. Chapter six considers the impact of performance improvement on trust in government in OECD and Latin American countries. Chapter seven provides a guide for practitioners on PIB.
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    Building Effective, Accountable, and Inclusive Institutions in Europe and Central Asia: Lessons from the Region
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-06) Arizti, Pedro ; Boyce, Daniel J. ; Manuilova, Natalia ; Sabatino, Carlos ; Senderowitsch, Roby ; Vila, Ermal
    Countries around the world are facing the need to build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions. There has never been a more important moment to tackle this agenda, as countries grapple with increasing fragility and migration flows, more complex service delivery requirements, and greater demands for transparency and inclusion, all in a more resource-constrained environment. Moreover, the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic crisis has provided new evidence of the need for effective, accountable, and inclusive government responses. Governments’ capacity to respond to these complex challenges is understandably stretched, but this has not limited the rise of citizens’ expectations. Instead, it has often increased tensions and, in some cases, has affected the trust between governments and their citizens. This publication builds on the World Bank’s vast engagement across ECA and on the 2019 regional governance conference. It consists of six chapters, each corresponding to one of the governance areas around which governments across the world organize their institutional functions. Each chapter contains background and analysis by World Bank specialists, complemented by country case studies authored by regional experts and policymakers.