Kuriakose, Anne T.

Climate Change Group, The World Bank
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Climate change, Gender, Livelihoods, Labor, India
Climate Change Group, The World Bank
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Last updated January 31, 2023
Anne T. Kuriakose is a Senior Social Development Specialist at the Climate Investment Funds at the World Bank in Washington, DC.  Her research interests include gender and labor, social protection, climate adaptation, and rural livelihoods. Anne holds a PhD in development studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, an MA in gender and development from the University of Sussex, and BA in political science from McGill University.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
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    Climate-responsive Social Protection
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-03) Kuriakose, Anne T. ; Heltberg, Rasmus ; Wiseman, William ; Costella, Cecilia ; Cipryk, Rachel ; Cornelius, Sabine
    In the years ahead, development efforts aiming at reducing vulnerability will increasingly have to factor in climate change, and social protection is no exception. This paper sets out the case for climate?responsive social protection and proposes a framework with principles, design features, and functions that would help Social Protection (SP) systems evolve in a climate?responsive direction. The principles comprise climate?aware planning; livelihood?based approaches that consider the full range of assets and institutions available to households and communities; and aiming for resilient communities by planning for the long term. Four design features that can help achieve this are: scalable and flexible programs that can increase coverage in response to climate disasters; climate?responsive targeting systems; investments in livelihoods that build community and household resilience; and promotion of better climate risk management.
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    Microinsurance : Extending Pro-Poor Risk Management through the Social Fund Platform
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-10) Maleika, Marc ; Kuriakose, Anne T.
    Microinsurance (MI) can be an effective complement to existing menus of social protection programs. A flexible and powerful instrument, MI reduces vulnerability and mitigates the negative effects of external shocks on poor households. However, MI programs require well-developed institutional arrangements in order to run in an efficient and effective manner. Such conditions can be difficult to find in low-income countries. Social funds can help bridge this gap, standing as a platform to organize and deliver MI products. This social funds innovations note introduces some of the primary design principles behind MI program development, highlighting cases of best practice, and suggests how social funds can be used to deliver MI services more effectively to poor households.
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    Gender Sensitive Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation in Agricultural Water Management
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-01) Gautam, Suman Rimal ; Kuriakose, Anne
    Agricultural water management projects that take an inclusive, participatory gendersensitive approach at all levels of the project cycle help increase project effectiveness and improve account of livelihood concerns of women and the rural poor. Participatory planning methods; creation of genderspecific indicators; continuous monitoring; and beneficiary-led impact assessment are key features of this approach.
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    Getting to Work: Unlocking Women's Potential in Sri Lanka's Labor Force
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2020-03-02) Solotaroff, Jennifer L. ; Joseph, George ; Kuriakose, Anne ; Sethi, Jayati
    Sri Lanka has shown remarkable persistence in low female labor force participation rates—at 36 percent in the past two years, compared with 75 percent for same-aged men—despite overall economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade. The trend stands in contrast to the country’s achievements in human capital development that favor women, such as high levels of female education and low total fertility rates, as well as its status as a lower-middle-income country. This study intends to better understand the puzzle of women’s poor labor market outcomes in Sri Lanka. Using nationally representative secondary survey data—as well as primary qualitative and quantitative research—it tests three hypotheses that would explain gender gaps in labor market outcomes: (1) household roles and responsibilities, which fall disproportionately on women, and the associated sociophysical constraints on women’s mobility; (2) a human capital mismatch, whereby women are not acquiring the proper skills demanded by job markets; and (3) gender discrimination in job search, hiring, and promotion processes. Further, the analysis provides a comparison of women’s experience of the labor market between the years leading up to the end of Sri Lanka’s civil war (2006–09) and the years following the civil war (2010–15). The study recommends priority areas for addressing the multiple supply- and demand-side factors to improve women’s labor force participation rates and reduce other gender gaps in labor market outcomes. It also offers specific recommendations for improving women’s participation in the five private sector industries covered by the primary research: commercial agriculture, garments, tourism, information and communications technology, and tea estate work. The findings are intended to influence policy makers, educators, and employment program practitioners with a stake in helping Sri Lanka achieve its vision of inclusive and sustainable job creation and economic growth. The study also aims to contribute to the work of research institutions and civil society in identifying the most effective means of engaging more women—and their untapped potential for labor, innovation, and productivity—in Sri Lanka’s future.