Person:
de Andrade Falcao, Natasha

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Economics of education, Poverty, Inequality
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Last updated January 31, 2023
Biography
Natasha de Andrade Falcão works for the Education Division at the Inter-American Development Bank, where she supports research activities on educational quality in Peru, Chile and Colombia. Previously, she worked as a consultant in the Human Development Unit for the Europe and Asia Region of the World Bank. Her research interests include returns to education, human capital externalities, poverty and inequality. She holds a PhD and a Master’s Degree in Economics from Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (Brazil).

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
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    Back to Work : Growing with Jobs in Europe and Central Asia
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2014-01-15) Arias, Omar S. ; Sánchez-Páramo, Carolina ; Dávalos, María E. ; Santos, Indhira ; Tiongson, Erwin R. ; Gruen, Carola ; de Andrade Falcão, Natasha ; Saiovici, Gady ; Cancho, Cesar A.
    Creating more and better jobs is arguably the most critical challenge to boosting shared prosperity in ECA. This report answers two questions: How can the countries create more jobs? Should there be specific policies to help workers access those jobs?. In answering them, the report examines the role of reforms, firms, skills, incentives and barriers to work, and labor mobility through the lens of two contextual factors: the legacy of centralized planned economies and the mounting demographic pressures associated with rapid aging in some countries and soaring numbers of youth entering the workforce in others. The main findings of the report are: i) market reforms pay off in terms of jobs and productivity, although with a lag; ii) a small fraction of superstar high-growth firms, largely young, account for most of new jobs created in the region- thus, countries, especially late reformers, need to unleash the potential of high levels of latent entrepreneurship to start-up new firms; iii) skills gaps hinder employment prospects, especially of youth and older workers, due to the inadequate response of the education and training system to changes in the demand for skills; iv) employment is hindered by high implicit taxes on work for those transitioning to work from inactivity or unemployment and barriers that affect especially women, minorities, youth and older workers; and, v) low internal labor mobility prevents labor relocation to places with greater job creation potential. The report argues that to get more people back to work by growing with jobs, countries need to regain the momentum for economic and institutional reforms that existed before the crisis in order to: (i) lay the fundamentals to create jobs for all workers, by pushing reforms to create the enabling environment for existing firms to grow, become more productive, or exit the market and tap on entrepreneurship potential for new firms to emerge and succeed or fail fast and cheap; and (ii) implement policies to support workers so they are prepared to take on the new jobs being created, by having the right skills, incentives and access to work, and being ready to move to places with the highest job creation potential.
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    Portraits of Labor Market Exclusion
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2014-08) Sundaram, Ramya ; Hoerning, Ulrich ; De Andrade Falcao, Natasha ; Millan, Natalia ; Tokman, Carla ; Zini, Michele
    The financial crisis that hit the global market in the middle of 2008 gave way to the sharpest contraction of the European economies since the Great Depression. In 2009 the economic output in the countries of the European Union shrank 4.5 percent, the largest reduction in GDP since its creation. Since then, the economies have slowly recovered, but unemployment has continued to rise, reaching 11 percent in 2013, up from 7.1 percent in 2008. The economy of the European Union shrank 4.5 percent, the largest reduction in its GDP since the Union s creation. Furthermore, for the European Union as a whole, long-term unemployment among 15- to 64-year-olds has increased from 37.2 percent in 2008 to 47.5 percent of total unemployment in 2013. In several countries more than half of those unemployed are long-term unemployed, that is, they have been looking for jobs for more than 12 months. In Greece and Bulgaria the share of long-term unemployed in 2013 was 67.5 percent and 57.3 percent, respectively. Youth unemployment, on the other hand, has increased almost 8 percent since 2008, reaching 23.3 percent in 2013 in the EU-28 countries. In Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, around a fourth of 15- to 24-year-olds are unemployed; in Greece close to 60 percent of youth were unemployed in 2013. Long spells of unemployment expose individuals to impoverishment. They can also lead to deterioration of skills and detachment from the labor market. Youth unemployment is particularly concerning as it risks damaging longer-term employment prospects for young people, leading them to face higher risks of exclusion and poverty. Youth unemployment also has growth implications as a generation of educated and productive people are not working at their potential. Finally, very high levels of youth unemployment for long periods of time can become a threat to social stability.
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    Portraits of Labor Market Exclusion
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2015-06-30) Sundaram, Ramya ; Hoerning, Ulrich ; De Andrade Falcao, Natasha ; Millan, Natalia ; Tokman, Carla ; Zini, Michele
    Portraits of Labor Market Exclusion presents “profiles” or “portraits” of individuals who have limited labor-market attachment. It is widely accepted that those with limited attachment to the labor market are a highly heterogeneous group (including, for instance, recent job losers, long-term unemployed, school leavers with no labor-market experience, those close to retirement age, or people with caring responsibilities), and that understanding their circumstances and potential barriers is an essential prerequisite for designing and implementing a tailored and effective mix of policy support and incentives. The report takes a comprehensive view, focusing on both the labor market attachment of a country’s out-of-work population and the social assistance package and poverty profile of the same segment of the population. In essence, the report looks at individuals through the lenses of both poverty/welfare status and labor market indicators, and, in doing so, the portraits helps move the dialogue from a purely labor market-centric view to a broader dialogue that includes social policy as a whole. This is an important shift; for instance, social protection programs, such as family benefits and maternity benefits, and broader social policy issues such as retirement ages, often have a great impact on who remains inactive. Specifically, the report presents portraits of the out-of-work population of six countries (Bulgaria, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania and Romania) in terms of distance from the labor market, human capital, and labor supply conditions, as well as demographic conditions. The analysis relies on the European Union Statistics of Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) surveys for the years 2007 to 2011. Latent class analysis methodology allows multidimensional profiling of the out-of-work population, and identifies classes or groups of out-of-work individuals that are as homogeneous as possible within each class according to a set of observable characteristics, and as distant as possible between classes.
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    Learning Poverty Updates and Revisions: What's New?
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-07) Azevedo, Joao Pedro Wagner De ; Montoya, Silvia ; Akmal, Maryam ; Wong, Yi Ning ; Gregory, Laura ; Geven, Koen Martijn ; Cloutier, Marie-Helene ; Iqbal, Syedah Aroob ; Imhof, Adolfo Gustavo ; De Andrade Falcao, Natasha ; Kouame, Christelle Signo ; Dahal, Mahesh ; Gebre, Tihtina Zenebe ; Vargas Mancera, Maria Jose
    The July 2021 release of learning poverty estimates involves several changes to the data underlying the country-level learning poverty figures. This document provides details of the key changes made. Some country-level estimates have changed or become available for the first time due to new data from recent assessments: TIMSS 2019, PASEC 2019, and SEA-PLM 2019. In cases where new assessment data call for a change to the learning poverty estimates, the corresponding enrollment data used for learning poverty calculations have also been updated so that the enrollment year is as close as possible to the assessment year, depending on data availability. In the latest release, country-level estimates of learning poverty are available for 120 countries.