Publication:
Jobs or Privileges : Unleashing the Employment Potential of the Middle East and North Africa

dc.contributor.authorSchiffbauer, Marc
dc.contributor.authorHussain, Sahar
dc.contributor.authorSahnoun, Hania
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-20T16:03:49Z
dc.date.available2014-11-20T16:03:49Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.description.abstractThis report shows that in MENA, policies that lower competition and create an unleveled playing field abound and constrain private sector job creation. These policies take different forms across countries and sectors but share several common features: they limit free-entry in the domestic market, exclude certain firms from government programs, increase regulatory burden and uncertainty on non-privileged firms, insulate certain firms and sectors from foreign competition, and create incentives that discourage domestic firms from competing in international markets. The report shows that such policies are often captured by a few privileged firms with deep political connections, and that these policies persist despite their apparent cost to society. The millions of workers, consumers, and the majority of entrepreneurs who bear the brunt of that cost are often unaware of the adverse impact of these policies on the jobs and economic opportunities to which they aspire. This limits the scope for internal country debate and curtails the policy dialogue necessary for reform. Thus, Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries face a critical choice in their quest for higher private sector growth and more jobs: promote competition, equal opportunities for all entrepreneurs and dismantle existing privileges to specific firms or risk perpetuating the current equilibrium of low job creation.en
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-4648-0405-2
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10986/20591
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWashington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMENA Development Report;
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subjectcapture
dc.subjectcompetition
dc.subjectconnections
dc.subjectgrowth
dc.subjectjobs
dc.subjectpatronage
dc.subjectpolicy
dc.subjectprivileges
dc.subjectproductivity
dc.subjecttrade
dc.subjectunemployment
dc.titleJobs or Privileges : Unleashing the Employment Potential of the Middle East and North Africaen
dspace.entity.typePublication
okr.crosscuttingsolutionareaJobs
okr.date.disclosure2014-11-20
okr.doctypePublications & Research::Publication
okr.externalurlhttp://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/MNA/executive-summary-09-11-2014.pdf
okr.globalpracticeTrade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpracticeMacroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpracticeSocial Protection and Labor
okr.identifier.doi10.1596/978-1-4648-0405-2
okr.identifier.report92870
okr.identifier.report92767
okr.language.supporteden
okr.region.administrativeMiddle East and North Africa
okr.region.countryTurkiye
okr.region.geographicalNorth Africa
okr.region.geographicalMiddle East
okr.topicGovernance::Governance and the Financial Sector
okr.topicGovernance::National Governance
okr.topicInternational Economics and Trade
okr.topicInternational Economics and Trade::Competition Policy
okr.topicMacroeconomics and Economic Growth::Political Economy
okr.topicMacroeconomics and Economic Growth::Taxation & Subsidies
okr.topicPrivate Sector Development::Business Environment
okr.topicPrivate Sector Development::Competition Policy
okr.topicPrivate Sector Development::Enterprise Development & Reform
okr.topicSocial Protections and Labor::Employment and Unemployment
okr.topicSocial Protections and Labor::Labor Policies
okr.unitGMFDR
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication54209af3-edd3-58d1-b013-4f132dc5d75b
relation.isAuthorOfPublicatione33c4715-14d5-5459-9b92-5c6529f9ccd1
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery2b1fc672-8407-59a0-ac52-c1ddd8082fd8
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