Terms of Use


The World Bank supports the free online communication and exchange of knowledge as the most effective way of ensuring that the fruits of research, economic and sector work, and development practice are made widely available, read, and built upon. It is therefore committed to open access, which, for authors, enables the widest possible dissemination of their findings and, for researchers, readers, and users, increases their ability to discover pertinent information. To learn more about our Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) please visit our About page.

Intellectual Property Rights - Licenses

You are encouraged to use the OKR to benefit yourself and others in creative ways. By using this website and any of the materials made available through it (the “Works”), you agree to be bound by these Terms of Use for OKR.

The World Bank allows you to use the Works, subject to your compliance with certain license terms, but still retains the copyright to all of the Works in the OKR, unless specifically noted to the contrary.

The majority of Works in the OKR are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY 3.0 IGO)

Some Works within the OKR are not subject to the CC BY license, but are available under other terms. Such Works will be clearly labeled with the specific license terms under which those Works may be used.

Third Party Content

In general, no matter what license applies to each particular Work, The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content included in the Works. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of any third-party-owned individual component or part contained in the OKR will not infringe on the rights of third parties. The risk of claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you. If you wish to re-use a component of the Work, it is your responsibility to determine whether permission is needed for that re-use and to obtain permission from the copyright owner.


Regardless of any other license terms governing the use of a Work, any use of the OKR Works or their content must be attributed to The World Bank and its content providers with a copyright notice in the following format:

[Authors*]. [Year of publication]. [Title**]. © [Publisher***]. [OKR handle URI] License: [License****]

*Semi-colon separated if more than one author. Standardized as [last name], [first name], [middle name]


*** Usually “World Bank”

**** Usually “Creative Commons Attribution CC BY”

Example (note that the URI is a placeholder)

Lin, Justin Y. 2012. New Structural Economics: A Framework for Rethinking Development and Policy. © World Bank. http://hdl.handle.net/123123123123/123 License: Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY 3.0 IGO)

This example reflects minimum attribution requirements. For academic citation purposes, more complete attribution can be given in compliance with standard academic practices.

Translations of World Bank Works

Unless you have a specific agreement with the World Bank to the contrary, if you use Works from the OKR under CC BY or other licenses that allow you to make translations, and you create translations of those works for any purpose, you must add the following explanation to the translation after the attribution language:

This translation was not created by The World Bank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not be liable for any content or error in this translation.

Adaptations of World Bank Works

Unless you have a specific agreement with The World Bank to the contrary, if you use Works from the OKR under CC BY or other licenses that allow you to make adaptations and you create adaptations of those works for any purpose, you must add the following explanation to the adaptation after the attribution language:

“This is an adaptation of an original work by The World Bank. Responsibility for the views and opinions expressed in the adaptation rests solely with the author or authors of the adaptation and are not endorsed by The World Bank.”

No Endorsement

You may not publicly represent or imply that The World Bank is participating in, or has sponsored, approved or endorsed the manner or purpose of your use or reproduction of Works from the OKR. The World Bank retains all rights to prosecute, to the fullest extent of the law, any use of its Works in a manner that falsifies, misrepresents, disparages or fraudulently uses the Works, or disparages or harms the reputation of The World Bank.

No Association, No Use of World Bank Logo and Name

You may not use any trademark, official mark, official emblem, or logo of The World Bank, or any of its other means of promotion or publicity, without The World Bank's prior written consent or in any event to represent or imply an association or affiliation with The World Bank.


These OKR Terms may be amended by The World Bank from time to time at our sole discretion. Upon amendment, we will place a notice on https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/terms-of-use. Please periodically review the controlling version of these OKR Terms. By continuing to use the OKR subsequent to The World Bank making available an amended version of these OKR Terms, you acknowledge, agree and consent to such amendment.

The World Bank offers other websites, services and databases that are governed by different terms of use, as stated in the World Bank terms and conditions, or in any terms and conditions specific to such websites, services and databases. Please review the applicable terms of use before using any websites, services and databases provided or made available by The World Bank. Please note that failure to comply with these Terms of Use, or with the license terms applicable to any Work, including proper attribution format or retaining copyright notices as required, may be grounds for the World Bank to restrict or prohibit your access to the OKR. In addition, The World Bank reserves all rights and legal remedies for those violations.

No agency, partnership, joint venture, employee-employer or franchiser-franchisee relationship is intended, entered, or created by these OKR Terms.

Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver of the privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specifically reserved. Any dispute between The World Bank and you arising out of, or in connection with, the OKR, the Works, or your use of the OKR which cannot be amicably settled between the parties to such dispute shall be arbitrated in accordance with the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules as then in force. The arbitral tribunal shall consist of a sole arbitrator and the language of the proceedings shall be English. The arbitration shall take place in the District of Columbia. The arbitral proceedings shall be conducted remotely (e.g., via telephone conference or written submissions) whenever practicable. Any resulting arbitration decision shall be final and binding on both parties.

If you have questions about these Terms of Use, or about the license terms applicable to any specific Work in the OKR, please contact us by sending an email to pubrights@worldbank.org.

If you believe that your rights, or the rights of a third party, including any intellectual property rights, are being violated in any way by any Works on the OKR, please contact us by sending an email to legalhelpdesk@worldbank.org.

These Terms of Use have been last amended on: December 18, 2013