The Recent Trade Performance Of Sub-Saharan African Countries : Cause for Hope or More of the Same?

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collection.link.158
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9389
collection.name.158
Africa Region Findings & Good Practice Infobriefs
dc.contributor.author
Ng, Francis
dc.contributor.author
Yetes, Alexander J.
dc.date.accessioned
2012-08-13T09:38:00Z
dc.date.available
2012-08-13T09:38:00Z
dc.date.issued
2001-02
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:47Z
dc.description.abstract
This study examines empirical information for major Sub-Saharan African countries and provides an analysis of whether recent trade and economic policy changes by some Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries enhanced their international competitiveness and improved their export performance. Specifically, it addresses the following points: (i) have recent exports from the Sub-Saharan African countries recently grown at a relatively faster pace and now come close to matching the average growth in world trade? (ii) Studies show Sub-Saharan African countries have been increasingly marginalized in world trade, as reflected in secular declines in their shares of this exchange and in shares of their major traditional exports (Ng and Yeats 1997). Does the available evidence indicate these trends have been reversed? (iii) Aggregate analyses of the composition of African countries' exports typically reveals a structure often held to be detrimental to industrialization and growth. African exports are typically concentrated in a relatively few primary commodities whose unstable prices (and export revenues) are thought to make development planning difficult. Does the available evidence indicate that shifts are occurring in the structure of exports toward products (like labor-intensive manufactures) that could play a more positive role in improving the prospects for industrialization and growth? (iv) Are positive micro-level changes occurring which are not reflected in aggregate trade statistics? Specifically, is the "revealed" comparative advantage of the SSA countries changing, has their competitive position improved (as reflected in changes in their market shares for traditional exports), or have they made progress in shifting the composition of exports up commodity processing chains? (v) Some studies of factors that influence the success or failure of efforts to promote industrialization and growth conclude a high level of intra-industry trade plays an important positive role. Related studies show that cross-country production sharing, which often involves a special type of intra-industry trade, assists participating countries to integrate into global and regional markets and may also act as a catalyst to industrialization and growth. Does the evidence suggest that the level of this trade has increased in African countries? (vi) Studies suggest there may be adverse consequences (like paying higher prices for imports and receiving lower prices for exports-see Hirschmann (1948), Avramovic (1979) or Yeats (1981) among others)-for countries whose trade is highly concentrated on a geographic basis. Does the available evidence suggest that the African countries have been more successful in establishing new trade ties and penetrating non-traditional markets? And (vii) finally, what evidence exists with regard to the importance of self-imposed government and commercial restrictions in the SSA countries? Are current trade and other economic other policies which affect the general business environment still sufficiently onerous so as to constitute a major "drag" on African exports and growth?
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/02/12344482/recent-trade-performance-sub-saharan-african-countries-cause-hope-or-more-same
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/9824
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Africa Region Findings & Good Practice Infobriefs; No. 176
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
TRADE
dc.subject
TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
FOREIGN GOODS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
GROWTH POLICIES TRADE
dc.subject
TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
FOREIGN GOODS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
GROWTH POLICIES
dc.subject
ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
AGGREGATE TRADE
dc.subject
BUSINESS CLIMATE
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
COMMERCE
dc.subject
COMMODITIES
dc.subject
COMMODITY
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE MARKET
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE POSITION
dc.subject
CUSTOMS
dc.subject
CUSTOMS UNION
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REFORMS
dc.subject
EXPORT PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN MARKETS
dc.subject
GLOBAL EXPORTS
dc.subject
GLOBAL MARKET
dc.subject
IMPORTS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
INDUSTRY TRADE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
MARKET CONDITIONS
dc.subject
MARKET SHARE
dc.subject
MARKET SHARES
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TRADE LOSSES
dc.subject
TRADE PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
TRADITIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE
dc.title
The Recent Trade Performance Of Sub-Saharan African Countries : Cause for Hope or More of the Same?
en
dc.title.alternative
La recente performance des pays de l'Afrique Subsaharienne en terme de commerce international
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-05-31
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Brief
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2001/02/12344482/recent-trade-performance-sub-saharan-african-countries-cause-hope-or-more-same
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000334955_20100531054415
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
12344482
okr.identifier.report
28480
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2010/05/31/000334955_20100531054415/Rendered/PDF/284800BRI0Box31760Feb0200101PUBLIC1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Free Trade
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade Policy
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Emerging Markets
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Markets and Market Access
okr.unit
AFT: Development Effectiveness (AFTDE)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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