In From the Shadow : Integrating Europe's Informal Labor

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collection.link.336
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32464
collection.name.336
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Koettl, Johannes
dc.contributor.author
Packard, Truman
dc.contributor.author
Montenegro, Claudio E.
dc.date.accessioned
2012-07-02T18:34:49Z
dc.date.available
2012-07-02T18:34:49Z
dc.date.issued
2012
dc.date.lastModified
2019-09-27T15:53:13Z
dc.description.abstract
This book is about Magda and Jacek and millions of others like them, who earn a living working full- or part-time in Europe's untaxed markets for goods, services, and labor. Magda was certified as a hairdresser years ago, and she's very proud of the salon apprenticeship she did shortly after. She learned a lot and made good friends but was never fully comfortable working for somebody else. Jacek's clients pay him in cash, and he pays his men in cash as well. He sometimes needs to show a license to get the trade price on parts and materials. But he can keep it up-to-date by declaring only part of what he actually earns to the tax office. This book ventures a general conclusion about what policy makers can do to bring more economic activity in from the shadow: Although it may be necessary to improve the structural incentives created by taxation, social protection policies, and labor market regulation, doing so is not sufficient for substantive improvement to be achieved. To back up this general conclusion, the book presents a large body of evidence indicating that much more than the fairly mechanical incentive structures of taxation, social policy, and labor market regulation is at work in shaping the circumstances that lead people into the shadowy unregulated and untaxed markets for goods, services, and labor.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/06/16439042/shadow-integrating-europes-informal-labor
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-9549-3
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/9377
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development : Human Development
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ACCESS TO CREDIT
dc.subject
ACCESSIBILITY
dc.subject
ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject
ACCOUNTABILITY STRUCTURES
dc.subject
ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY
dc.subject
ADVISORY SERVICES
dc.subject
AGE GROUP
dc.subject
AUDITING
dc.subject
AUTONOMY
dc.subject
AVERAGE WAGE
dc.subject
BENEFICIARIES
dc.subject
BLACK MARKET
dc.subject
BUDGET DEFICITS
dc.subject
CC
dc.subject
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
dc.subject
COMPLIANCE COSTS
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION RATE
dc.subject
COOPERATIVES
dc.subject
CORRUPTION
dc.subject
COTTAGE INDUSTRY
dc.subject
COUNTRY COMPARISONS
dc.subject
CREDIBILITY
dc.subject
CREDITS
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT BANK
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISMISSAL
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME
dc.subject
DOMESTIC WORKERS
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
EARNING
dc.subject
EARNINGS
dc.subject
ECONOMETRICS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC COOPERATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CRISIS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
dc.subject
EMPLOYEE
dc.subject
EMPLOYER
dc.subject
EMPLOYERS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OUTLOOK
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT SHARE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURS
dc.subject
ETHNIC MINORITY
dc.subject
EXCLUSION
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY BENEFITS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CRISIS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
FIRM SIZE
dc.subject
FISCAL CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICY
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
GLOBALIZATION
dc.subject
GOOD FAITH
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HOLDING
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
HOUSING
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUSBAND
dc.subject
IMPLICIT TAX
dc.subject
INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject
INCOME SECURITY
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
INCOME TAX
dc.subject
INCOME TAX CREDITS
dc.subject
INCOME TAXES
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INFORMAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
INFORMAL LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INFORMAL WORKER
dc.subject
INFORMAL WORKERS
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INSTRUMENT
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
JOB LOSS
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
JOB SEEKERS
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
LABOR CONTRACT
dc.subject
LABOR CONTRACTS
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE SURVEYS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REGULATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR MIGRATION
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LABOUR
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEGAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
LEGAL PROTECTIONS
dc.subject
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject
LEGAL RIGHT
dc.subject
LIMITED ACCESS
dc.subject
LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
MARKET WAGES
dc.subject
MICRODATA
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject
MINORITY GROUP
dc.subject
MINORITY GROUPS
dc.subject
MISREPORTING
dc.subject
MORAL HAZARD
dc.subject
MOTIVATION
dc.subject
NEW ENTRANTS
dc.subject
OCCUPATION
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
OLD-AGE PENSION
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITY COSTS
dc.subject
PENSION PLANS
dc.subject
PENSIONS
dc.subject
PERSONAL INCOME
dc.subject
PERSONAL INCOME TAXES
dc.subject
POLITICAL PROCESS
dc.subject
PRESENT EVIDENCE
dc.subject
PRIVATIZATION
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKET
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKET REGULATION
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC DEBT
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
PUBLIC FINANCES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
dc.subject
REAL ESTATE
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS
dc.subject
RETURN
dc.subject
RIGHT TO WORK
dc.subject
RISK CONTROL
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
RULE OF LAW
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY NET
dc.subject
SALARIED EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
SERVICE SECTORS
dc.subject
SEVERANCE PAY
dc.subject
SHADOW ECONOMIES
dc.subject
SHADOW ECONOMY
dc.subject
SICK LEAVE
dc.subject
SOCIAL BENEFITS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIOLOGISTS
dc.subject
START-UP
dc.subject
START-UP CAPITAL
dc.subject
STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
TAX ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject
TAX BURDEN
dc.subject
TAX COMPLIANCE
dc.subject
TAX LIABILITIES
dc.subject
TAX RATE
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TAX REFORM
dc.subject
TAX RETURNS
dc.subject
TAX SYSTEM
dc.subject
TAX SYSTEMS
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TRADE UNION
dc.subject
TRANSACTION
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
UNFAIR COMPETITION
dc.subject
UNION
dc.subject
UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS
dc.subject
WAGE BILL
dc.subject
WAGE INCREASES
dc.subject
WAGE LEVEL
dc.subject
WAGE LEVELS
dc.subject
WAGE SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
WITHDRAWAL
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUNGER WORKERS
dc.title
In From the Shadow : Integrating Europe's Informal Labor
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2012-06-27
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/06/16439042/shadow-integrating-europes-informal-labor
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-9549-3
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000356161_20120628034231
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
16439042
okr.identifier.report
70602
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/06/28/000356161_20120628034231/Rendered/PDF/706020PUB0EPI0067902B09780821395493.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Banks and Banking Reform
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Debt Markets
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Access to Finance
okr.unit
Social Protection Unit (EASHS)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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