Conditional Cash Transfers and Female Schooling : The Impact of the Female School Stipend Program on Public School Enrollments in Punjab, Pakistan

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Chaudhury, Nazmul
dc.contributor.author
Parajuli, Dilip
dc.date.accessioned
2012-06-26T16:15:36Z
dc.date.available
2012-06-26T16:15:36Z
dc.date.issued
2006-12
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:42Z
dc.description.abstract
Instead of mean-tested conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs, some countries have implemented gender-targeted CCTs to explicitly address intra-household disparities in human capital investments. This study focuses on addressing the direct impact of a female school stipend program in Punjab, Pakistan: Did the intervention increase female enrollment in public schools? To address this question, the authors draw on data from the provincial school censuses of 2003 and 2005. They estimate the net growth in female enrollments in grades 6-8 in stipend eligible schools. Impact evaluation analysis, including difference-and-difference (DD), triple differencing (DDD), and regression-discontinuity design (RDD) indicate a modest but statistically significant impact of the intervention. The preferred estimator derived from a combination of DDD and RDD empirical strategies suggests that the average program impact between 2003 and 2005 was an increase of six female students per school in terms of absolute change and an increase of 9 percent in female enrollment in terms of relative change. A triangulation effort is also undertaken using two rounds of a nationally representative household survey before and after the intervention. Even though the surveys are not representative at the subprovincial level, the results corroborate evidence of the impact using school census data.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/12/7289481/conditional-cash-transfers-female-schooling-impact-female-school-stipend-program-public-school-enrollments-punjab-pakistan
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/9260
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4102
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ADULTS
dc.subject
ATTENDANCE RATE
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY OF WATER
dc.subject
AVERAGE LITERACY RATE
dc.subject
BOYS SCHOOLS
dc.subject
CENSUS DATA
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DROPOUT RATES
dc.subject
DROPOUTS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC FACTORS
dc.subject
EDUCATION DEPARTMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATION MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATION REFORM
dc.subject
EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENTS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT DATA
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT INDICATORS
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATE
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
FEMALE CHILDREN
dc.subject
FEMALE EDUCATION
dc.subject
FEMALE ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
FEMALE SCHOOLING
dc.subject
FEMALE STUDENTS
dc.subject
FEMALE TEACHERS
dc.subject
FREE TEXTBOOKS
dc.subject
GENDER BIAS
dc.subject
GENDER DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITY
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
GIRLS SCHOOLS
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
GROWTH IN ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOLS
dc.subject
HIGHER REPETITION
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
ILLITERACY
dc.subject
ILLITERACY RATE
dc.subject
INFORMATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
LEARNING
dc.subject
LITERACY
dc.subject
LITERACY RATES
dc.subject
LITERATURE
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
MIDDLE SCHOOL
dc.subject
MIDDLE SCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
MIDDLE SCHOOLS
dc.subject
NEGATIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
NET ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
NUMBER OF SCHOOLS
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS
dc.subject
PAPERS
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
dc.subject
POOR PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
POSITIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
PRIMARY DATA
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
PRIVATE ENROLLMENTS
dc.subject
PRIVATE PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOLING
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PROVINCIAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOL
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOLING
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PUPILS
dc.subject
REGULAR ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
REPETITION RATES
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOL CENSUS
dc.subject
SCHOOL CENSUSES
dc.subject
SCHOOL COUNCILS
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLLMENTS
dc.subject
SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
SCHOOL LEVEL
dc.subject
SCHOOL LOCATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SIGNIFICANT IMPACT
dc.subject
STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO
dc.subject
TEACHER
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.title
Conditional Cash Transfers and Female Schooling : The Impact of the Female School Stipend Program on Public School Enrollments in Punjab, Pakistan
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/12/7289481/conditional-cash-transfers-female-schooling-impact-female-school-stipend-program-public-school-enrollments-punjab-pakistan
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4102
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000016406_20061222113833
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
7289481
okr.identifier.report
WPS4102
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2006/12/22/000016406_20061222113833/Rendered/PDF/wps4102.pdf
en
okr.region.country
Pakistan
okr.region.geographical
South Asia
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Education
okr.topic
Education :: Education Reform and Management
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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