Services Policies in Transition Economies : On the EU and WTO as Commitment Mechanisms

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Eschenbach, Felix
dc.contributor.author
Hoekman, Bernard
dc.date.accessioned
2012-06-19T14:31:30Z
dc.date.available
2012-06-19T14:31:30Z
dc.date.issued
2006-06
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T09:04:10Z
dc.description.abstract
The authors analyze the extent to which the EU-15 and 16 transition economies used the WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) to commit to service sector policy reforms. They compare GATS commitments with the evolution of actual policy stances over time. While there is substantial variance across transition economies on both actual policies and GATS commitments, the authors find an inverse relationship between the depth of GATS commitments and the "quality" of actual services policies as assessed by the private sector. In part this can be explained by the fact that the prospect of EU accession makes GATS less relevant as a commitment device for a subset of transition economies. But for many of the non-EU accession candidates, the WTO seems to be a weak commitment device. One explanation is that the small size of the markets concerned generates weak external enforcement incentives. The authors' findings suggest greater collective investment by WTO members in monitoring and the need for transparency to increase the benefits of WTO membership to small countries.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/06/6875028/services-policies-transition-economies-european-union-world-trade-organization-commitment-mechanisms
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/8400
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 3951
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESSION
dc.subject
ACCESSION CANDIDATES
dc.subject
ACCESSION COUNTRIES
dc.subject
ACCESSION PROCESS
dc.subject
AGREEMENT ON TRADE
dc.subject
AVERAGE TARIFF
dc.subject
CENTRAL ASIAN
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL PRESENCE
dc.subject
COMMON MARKET
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS OF FIRMS
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION ABROAD
dc.subject
CONTRACTING PARTIES
dc.subject
CONVERGENCE
dc.subject
CROSS BORDER TRADE
dc.subject
CROSS-BORDER TRADE
dc.subject
CULTURAL SERVICES
dc.subject
DISPUTE SETTLEMENT
dc.subject
DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISMS
dc.subject
DOMESTIC ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC REFORM
dc.subject
DOMESTIC REFORMS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS
dc.subject
EUROPEAN UNION
dc.subject
EXTERNAL TARIFF
dc.subject
EXTERNAL TRADE
dc.subject
EXTERNAL TRADE POLICY
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXPORTERS
dc.subject
FOREIGN MARKETS
dc.subject
FOREIGN SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
FORMAL DISPUTE SETTLEMENT
dc.subject
FULL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
GATS
dc.subject
GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHIC PROXIMITY
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMITMENTS
dc.subject
INCREASING SPECIALIZATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
INVESTMENT POLICY
dc.subject
LOCAL MARKET
dc.subject
MARKET ACCESS
dc.subject
MARKET ACCESS COMMITMENTS
dc.subject
MARKET SIZE
dc.subject
MEMBER STATE
dc.subject
MEMBER STATES
dc.subject
MODES OF SUPPLY
dc.subject
MOVEMENT OF NATURAL PERSONS
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL DISCIPLINES
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL SURVEILLANCE
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL TRADE
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
NATIONAL TREATMENT
dc.subject
OPENNESS
dc.subject
POLICY REFORM
dc.subject
POLICY REFORMS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
RECENT ACCESSION
dc.subject
RECIPROCAL BASIS
dc.subject
RECIPROCITY
dc.subject
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
ROUND NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subject
SERVICE SECTOR
dc.subject
SERVICE SECTORS
dc.subject
SERVICES LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
SERVICES MARKETS
dc.subject
SERVICES SECTOR
dc.subject
SERVICES TRADE
dc.subject
TARIFF BINDINGS
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
dc.subject
TERMS OF TRADE
dc.subject
TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
TRADE IN SERVICES
dc.subject
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subject
TRADE POLICY
dc.subject
TRADE POLICY REVIEW
dc.subject
TRADE POLICY REVIEW MECHANISM
dc.subject
TRADE RESTRICTIONS
dc.subject
TRADING PARTNERS
dc.subject
TRANSITION COUNTRIES
dc.subject
TRANSITION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
TRANSITION PERIOD
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
WTO
dc.subject
WTO ACCESSION
dc.subject
WTO COMMITMENTS
dc.subject
WTO MEMBERS
dc.subject
WTO MEMBERSHIP
dc.title
Services Policies in Transition Economies : On the EU and WTO as Commitment Mechanisms
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/06/6875028/services-policies-transition-economies-european-union-world-trade-organization-commitment-mechanisms
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-3951
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000016406_20060622151210
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
6875028
okr.identifier.report
WPS3951
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2006/06/22/000016406_20060622151210/Rendered/PDF/wps3951.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Regional Integration
okr.topic
Law and Development :: Trade Law
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Services
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: World Trade Organization
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Free Trade
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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