The Poverty Impact of Rural Roads : Evidence from Bangladesh

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dc.contributor.author
Khandker, Shahidur R.
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Bakht, Zaid
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dc.contributor.author
Koolwal, Gayatri B.
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dc.date.accessioned
2012-06-18T19:52:28Z
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dc.date.available
2012-06-18T19:52:28Z
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dc.date.issued
2006-04
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/8333
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dc.description.abstract
The rationale for public investment in rural roads is that households can better exploit agricultural and nonagricultural opportunities to use labor and capital more efficiently. But significant knowledge gaps remain as to how opportunities provided by roads actually filter back into household outcomes and their distributional consequences. This paper examines the impacts of rural road projects using household-level panel data from Bangladesh. Rural road investments are found to reduce poverty significantly through higher agricultural production, higher wages, lower input and transportation costs, and higher output prices. Rural roads also lead to higher girls' and boys' schooling. Road investments are pro-poor, meaning the gains are proportionately higher for the poor than for the non-poor.
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dc.language
English
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 3875
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 Unported
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO MARKETS
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dc.subject
ACCIDENT RISK
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL WAGE
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL WAGES
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dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
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dc.subject
BASE YEAR
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dc.subject
BENCHMARK
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dc.subject
BETTER ROADS
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dc.subject
BETTER TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
BRIDGES
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dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
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dc.subject
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA
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dc.subject
COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
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dc.subject
CROP PRODUCTION
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dc.subject
CULVERTS
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dc.subject
DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF BENEFITS
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dc.subject
DISTRIBUTIONAL EFFECTS
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dc.subject
DIVERSIFICATION
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dc.subject
DRAINAGE
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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dc.subject
ELASTICITIES
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dc.subject
ELASTICITY
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
EQUITY VALUE
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dc.subject
EXPECTED VALUES
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dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
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dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY
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dc.subject
EXTREME POVERTY LINE
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dc.subject
FARM EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
FARM EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
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dc.subject
FARM PRODUCTION
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dc.subject
FARMERS
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dc.subject
FOOD EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD TRANSPORT COSTS
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
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dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
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dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
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dc.subject
INCOME
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dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
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dc.subject
INCOME GROUPS
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dc.subject
INCOME LEVELS
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dc.subject
INVESTMENT IN ROADS
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dc.subject
JETTIES
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dc.subject
LAND PRICES
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dc.subject
NUTRITION
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dc.subject
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOME
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dc.subject
POVERTY IMPACT
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dc.subject
POVERTY INCIDENCE
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dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
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dc.subject
POVERTY RATE
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dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
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dc.subject
POVERTY STATUS
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dc.subject
PRODUCTION INPUTS
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dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
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dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
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dc.subject
REGRESSION ANALYSIS
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dc.subject
REMOTE RURAL AREAS
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dc.subject
REMOTE VILLAGES
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dc.subject
ROAD
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dc.subject
ROAD CONDITIONS
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dc.subject
ROAD DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
ROAD EVALUATION
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dc.subject
ROAD IMPROVEMENT
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dc.subject
ROAD IMPROVEMENTS
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dc.subject
ROAD INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
ROAD PROJECTS
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dc.subject
ROAD USERS
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dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
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dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
RURAL ENTERPRISES
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dc.subject
RURAL GROWTH
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dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLD
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dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
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dc.subject
RURAL INCOME
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dc.subject
RURAL ROAD
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dc.subject
RURAL ROAD IMPROVEMENTS
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dc.subject
RURAL ROAD INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
RURAL ROAD INVESTMENTS
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dc.subject
RURAL ROAD PROJECT
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dc.subject
RURAL ROAD PROJECTS
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dc.subject
RURAL ROADS
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dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
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dc.subject
SCHOOLING
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dc.subject
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
TRAFFIC
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT COST
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT COST SAVINGS
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT DEMAND
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT QUALITY
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dc.subject
TRANSPORT SURVEYS
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COST
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TRANSPORTATION COST SAVINGS
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dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
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dc.subject
TRAVEL TIMES
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dc.subject
TRIP
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dc.subject
TRIP FREQUENCY
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dc.subject
TRUE
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dc.subject
UNPAVED ROAD
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dc.subject
VILLAGE LEVEL
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dc.title
The Poverty Impact of Rural Roads : Evidence from Bangladesh
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okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000012009_20060329093100
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
6691774
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
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okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
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okr.topic
Rural Transport
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okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
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okr.topic
Rural Roads and Transport
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okr.topic
Transport
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okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth
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okr.topic
Rural Development
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okr.region.administrative
South Asia
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okr.identifier.report
WPS3875
en_US
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-3875
en_US
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
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okr.region.country
Bangladesh
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research
en_US
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
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okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
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okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
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okr.globalpractice
Poverty
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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