Tunisia's Global Integration : Second Generation of Reforms to Boost Growth and Employment

Show simple item record

collection.link.101
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2209
collection.name.101
Other ESW Reports
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-06-12T21:46:26Z
dc.date.available
2012-06-12T21:46:26Z
dc.date.issued
2008-05
dc.description.abstract
This report addresses the following issues: Chapter one takes stock of the integration policies implemented since the early 1970s and assessed their impact on foreign direct investments (FDI), exports and employment. Chapter two looks at today's major challenges in the manufacturing sector and the specific policies needed to address them. Chapter three assesses the entry, business, and trade restrictions in Tunisia's key backbone services sectors (telecommunication, banking, air transport, accounting, auditing, and legal services) using a well-focused regulatory questionnaire. The restrictiveness indices calculated from the regulatory questionnaire are then used to benchmark Tunisia against Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and some emerging economies and to simulate the impact of various liberalization options on the price of services and the economy via a multi-region general equilibrium model. Finally, chapter four examines the prospect for increasing exports and off shoring of a large number of services for which Tunisia has demonstrated a strong capacity for export in recent years. The significant increase in real incomes in Tunisia is the result of solid gross domestic product (GDP) growth since the mid-1960s (5 percent a year), low inflation and the demographic transition, faster than in neighboring countries. In 1996-2007, economic growth has exhibited greater resilience to moderate exogenous shocks, thanks to prudent macroeconomic management public debt declined from 62.4 percent in 2001 to 50.9 percent of GDP in 2007 thanks to pro-active debt management. The resulting decline in the debt service since 2005 combined with steady GDP growth allowed the government to 'protect' capital expenditures and key social spending within the context of low but structural fiscal deficit. While the current account remained in deficit over the last 10 years, foreign exchange reserves increased steadily thanks to increasing FDI inflows. In 2007, international reserves increased by US$ 1 billion to US$ 7.8 billion, representing 4.6 months of imports of goods and services.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/7893
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO INFORMATION
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ACTIVE DEBT
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
ANTI-COMPETITIVE PRACTICES
dc.subject
APPAREL
dc.subject
AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
AVERAGE TARIFF
dc.subject
BALANCE OF PAYMENT
dc.subject
BANK PROFITABILITY
dc.subject
BARRIERS TO COMPETITION
dc.subject
BENCHMARK
dc.subject
BENCHMARKING
dc.subject
BENEFICIARIES
dc.subject
BILATERAL AGREEMENT
dc.subject
BILATERAL AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
BILATERAL COOPERATION
dc.subject
BORROWER
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
CAPITAL GOODS
dc.subject
COLLATERALS
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES
dc.subject
COMPETITION AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
COMPETITION LAW
dc.subject
COMPETITION LAWS
dc.subject
COMPETITION LEGISLATION
dc.subject
COMPETITIVE POSITION
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
CONSUMER PRICES
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
COUNTRY MARKETS
dc.subject
COUNTRY RISK
dc.subject
CREDIBILITY
dc.subject
CREDIT MARKET
dc.subject
CREDIT STRUCTURE
dc.subject
CURRENT ACCOUNT
dc.subject
CUSTOMS CLEARANCE
dc.subject
CUSTOMS PROCEDURES
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEBT MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
DEBT SERVICE
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
dc.subject
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DOMESTIC INDUSTRIES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKETS
dc.subject
DOUBLE TAXATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC EXPANSION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SECTORS
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
EMERGING ECONOMIES
dc.subject
ENTRY BARRIERS
dc.subject
EQUIPMENT
dc.subject
EQUIPMENTS
dc.subject
EXCHANGE CONTROLS
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
EXOGENOUS SHOCKS
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXPORT BIAS
dc.subject
EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKET
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETS
dc.subject
EXPORT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EXPORT PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
EXPORT VALUE
dc.subject
EXPORT VOLUMES
dc.subject
EXPORTER
dc.subject
EXPORTERS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
EXTERNAL TRADE
dc.subject
FINAL GOODS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
FISCAL DEFICIT
dc.subject
FIXED COSTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN BANKS
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES
dc.subject
FOREIGN FIRMS
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTORS
dc.subject
FOREIGN MARKETS
dc.subject
FRAUD
dc.subject
FREE ACCESS
dc.subject
FREE TRADE
dc.subject
FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
FREE TRADE AREA
dc.subject
GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject
GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL
dc.subject
GLOBAL COMPETITION
dc.subject
GLOBAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject
GLOBAL MARKET
dc.subject
GROWTH MODELS
dc.subject
GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subject
INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INSURANCE COMPANIES
dc.subject
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKET
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL PRICES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
INVESTING
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT INCENTIVES
dc.subject
KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVERS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LACK OF COMPETITION
dc.subject
LIBERALIZATION OF TRADE
dc.subject
LOAN
dc.subject
LOAN DEFAULT
dc.subject
LOAN DEFAULTS
dc.subject
MARKET ACCESS
dc.subject
MARKET ECONOMY
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURE
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject
MARKET SHARE
dc.subject
MARKET SHARES
dc.subject
MARKET STRUCTURE
dc.subject
MATURITIES
dc.subject
METAL PRODUCTS
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
MUTUAL RECOGNITION
dc.subject
NET INFLOWS
dc.subject
NONPAYMENT
dc.subject
NONPERFORMING LOANS
dc.subject
OIL EXPORTERS
dc.subject
OPENNESS
dc.subject
OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL AGREEMENT
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL PARTNERS
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL TRADE
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE CREDIT
dc.subject
PRIVATE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
PROCESS OF NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subject
PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHT
dc.subject
PROTECTION RATES
dc.subject
PUBLIC DEBT
dc.subject
PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
REAL GDP
dc.subject
REAL INCOME
dc.subject
REGIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
REGULATORY BARRIERS
dc.subject
REGULATORY CONVERGENCE
dc.subject
REGULATORY OVERSIGHT
dc.subject
RETAIL TRADING
dc.subject
RISK OF LOAN
dc.subject
RULES OF ORIGIN
dc.subject
SHAREHOLDER
dc.subject
SPECIALIZATION
dc.subject
STRUCTURAL CHANGE
dc.subject
TARIFF PROTECTION
dc.subject
TARIFF RATE
dc.subject
TARIFF RATES
dc.subject
TARIFF REDUCTION
dc.subject
TARIFF REDUCTIONS
dc.subject
TAX
dc.subject
TAX RATE
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject
TIMELY PAYMENT
dc.subject
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subject
TRADE AGREEMENTS
dc.subject
TRADE DIVERSION
dc.subject
TRADE FACILITATION
dc.subject
TRADE INTEGRATION
dc.subject
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
TRADE LOGISTICS
dc.subject
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS
dc.subject
TRADE POLICY
dc.subject
TRADE REFORM
dc.subject
TRADE REFORMS
dc.subject
TRADE REGIME
dc.subject
TRADE RESTRICTIONS
dc.subject
TRADING
dc.subject
TRANSACTION
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSACTIONS COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
TREATIES
dc.subject
TRUST FUND
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
UNFAIR COMPETITION
dc.subject
UNILATERAL REFORM
dc.subject
URUGUAY ROUND
dc.subject
VALUE ADDED
dc.subject
WAREHOUSES
dc.subject
WELFARE GAINS
dc.subject
WORKING CAPITAL
dc.subject
WORLD MARKETS
dc.subject
WTO
dc.subject
ZERO TARIFFS
dc.title
Tunisia's Global Integration : Second Generation of Reforms to Boost Growth and Employment
en
dc.title.alternative
Integration Mondiale de la Tunisie : Une Nouvelle Generation de Reformes pour Booster la Croissance et l'Emploi
en
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: General Economy, Macroeconomics and Growth Study
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/05/9936025/tunisias-global-integration-second-generation-reforms-boost-growth-employment
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20081015003014
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9936025
okr.identifier.report
40129
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/10/15/000333038_20081015003014/Rendered/PDF/401290SR0WHITE1ort0English010Sept08.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Tunisia
okr.sector
General public administration sector
okr.sector
General industry and trade sector
okr.sector
General finance sector
okr.sector
General agriculture
okr.sector
General agriculture, fishing and forestry sector
okr.theme
Macroeconomic management
okr.theme
Analysis of economic growth
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Emerging Markets
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Markets and Market Access
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Free Trade
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Debt Markets
okr.unit
Social & Economic Development Gp (MNSED)
okr.volume
1 of 1

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)