Measuring Ancient Inequality

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Milanovic, Branko
dc.contributor.author
Lindert, Peter H.
dc.contributor.author
Williamson, Jeffrey G.
dc.date.accessioned
2012-06-11T14:29:43Z
dc.date.available
2012-06-11T14:29:43Z
dc.date.issued
2007-11
dc.description.abstract
Is inequality largely the result of the Industrial Revolution? Or, were pre-industrial incomes and life expectancies as unequal as they are today? For want of sufficient data, these questions have not yet been answered. This paper infers inequality for 14 ancient, pre-industrial societies using what are known as social tables, stretching from the Roman Empire 14 AD, to Byzantium in 1000, to England in 1688, to Nueva España around 1790, to China in 1880 and to British India in 1947. It applies two new concepts in making those assessments - what the authors call the inequality possibility frontier and the inequality extraction ratio. Rather than simply offering measures of actual inequality, the authors compare the latter with the maximum feasible inequality (or surplus) that could have been extracted by the elite. The results, especially when compared with modern poor countries, give new insights in to the connection between inequality and economic development in the very long run.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2007/11/8789801/measuring-ancient-inequality
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/7630
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4412
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE POVERTY
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
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ADVANCED COUNTRIES
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ANNUAL INCOME
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ANNUAL INCOMES
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ANNUAL WAGE
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AVERAGE ANNUAL
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AVERAGE INCOME
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AVERAGE INCOMES
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AVERAGE INEQUALITY
dc.subject
BANKS
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BETWEEN-GROUP INEQUALITY
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CALCULATION
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CALCULATIONS
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CENTRAL AMERICA
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CONFLICT
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CONSTANT RETURNS
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CONSUMER
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CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
dc.subject
DATA SET
dc.subject
DEBT
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DEMOGRAPHIC SHIFTS
dc.subject
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
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DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING WORLD
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DIFFERENCES IN INCOME
dc.subject
DISPOSABLE INCOME
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DECLINE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REVIEW
dc.subject
ELASTICITY
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL WORK
dc.subject
FARM WORKERS
dc.subject
FARMERS
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FINANCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
FOOD CROPS
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GINI COEFFICIENT
dc.subject
GROUP INEQUALITY
dc.subject
HIGH INEQUALITY
dc.subject
HIGHER INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
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HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
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HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME CONCEPTS
dc.subject
INCOME DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION DATA
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INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS
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INCOME GROUP
dc.subject
INCOME GROUPS
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCOME LEVEL
dc.subject
INCOME LEVELS
dc.subject
INCOME MEAN
dc.subject
INCOME SHARE
dc.subject
INCOME SHARES
dc.subject
INCOME SOURCE
dc.subject
INCOME SOURCES
dc.subject
INCOME TAX
dc.subject
INCOMES
dc.subject
INCREASED INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCREASING FUNCTION
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INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INEQUALITY COMPONENT
dc.subject
INEQUALITY MEASURES
dc.subject
INEQUALITY OBSERVATIONS
dc.subject
INEQUALITY RESULTS
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INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL PRICES
dc.subject
LANDLESS PEASANTS
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCIES
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LIFE SPAN
dc.subject
LIFE SPANS
dc.subject
LIFETIME
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOW INCOME
dc.subject
MEAN INCOME
dc.subject
MEAN INCOMES
dc.subject
MEASURED INEQUALITY
dc.subject
MEASURING INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
MIDDLE CLASS
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MONETARY ECONOMICS
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NATIONAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
PER CAPITA GROWTH
dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOMES
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POOR AREAS
dc.subject
POOR COUNTRIES
dc.subject
POOR ECONOMIES
dc.subject
POOR INDIVIDUALS
dc.subject
POSITIVE IMPACT
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject
RENTS
dc.subject
RESOURCE ENDOWMENTS
dc.subject
RISING INEQUALITY
dc.subject
RURAL
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RURAL AREAS
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RURAL DISTRICTS
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RURAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
RURAL INCOMES
dc.subject
RURAL LABORERS
dc.subject
RURAL POOR
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATIONS
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SAHARA
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SALARIES
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SECONDARY SOURCES
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SIGNIFICANT CORRELATION
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SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
SOURCES OF INCOME
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
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WAGE
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WAGES
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WELL-BEING
dc.subject
WESTERN EUROPE
dc.title
Measuring Ancient Inequality
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2007/11/8789801/measuring-ancient-inequality
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4412
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20071128113445
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
8789801
okr.identifier.report
WPS4412
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2007/11/28/000158349_20071128113445/Rendered/PDF/wps4412.pdf
en
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Impact Evaluation
okr.topic
Services and Transfers to Poor
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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