The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Disruptions to Education, and Returns to Schooling in Urban China

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Giles, John
dc.contributor.author
Park, Albert
dc.contributor.author
Wang, Meiyan
dc.date.accessioned
2012-06-01T22:00:57Z
dc.date.available
2012-06-01T22:00:57Z
dc.date.issued
2008-09
dc.description.abstract
In determining whether a country's higher education system should be expanded, it is important for policymakers first to determine the extent to which high private returns to post-secondary education are an indication of the scarcity of graduates instead of the high unobserved ability of students who choose to attend post-secondary education. To this end, the paper identifies the returns to schooling in urban China using individual-level variation in educational attainment caused by exogenous city-wide disruptions to education during the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976. For city-cohorts who experienced greater disruptions, children's educational attainment became less correlated with that of their fathers and more influenced by whether their fathers held administrative positions. The analysis calculates returns to college education using data from the China Urban Labor Survey conducted in five large cities in 2001. The results are consistent with the selection of high-ability students into higher education. The analysis also demonstrates that these results are unlikely to be driven by sample selection bias associated with migration, or by alternative pathways through which the Cultural Revolution could have affected adult productivity.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/09/9887676/great-proletarian-cultural-revolution-disruptions-education-returns-schooling-urban-china
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6946
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4729
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABILITY OF STUDENTS
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject
ADULTS
dc.subject
AGE COHORT
dc.subject
AVERAGE EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
AVERAGE TREATMENT EFFECT
dc.subject
CAREER
dc.subject
CAREER PATHS
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
COLLEGE ADMISSIONS
dc.subject
COLLEGE EDUCATION
dc.subject
COLLEGE ENTRANCE
dc.subject
COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM
dc.subject
COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS
dc.subject
COLLEGES
dc.subject
CULTURAL CHANGE
dc.subject
DEGREE PROGRAMS
dc.subject
DEGREES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATED PARENTS
dc.subject
EDUCATION OFFICIALS
dc.subject
EDUCATION REFORM
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATION VARIABLES
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ACCESS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL DISRUPTION
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL SUPPLY
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT OF STUDENTS
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject
EXAMS
dc.subject
FAMILY LIFE
dc.subject
FAMILY SUPPORT
dc.subject
FORMAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT OFFICES
dc.subject
GRADUATION RATES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOLS
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION ENTRANTS
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
HIGHER LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LARGE CITIES
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LITERATURE
dc.subject
LOWER EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
LOWER SECONDARY
dc.subject
MIDDLE SCHOOL
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
NATIONAL SCHOOL
dc.subject
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
dc.subject
NEW ENTRANTS
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
PANDEMIC
dc.subject
PAPERS
dc.subject
PARENT EDUCATION
dc.subject
PARENTAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
PLACE OF RESIDENCE
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POPULATION CENSUS
dc.subject
POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SCHOOL
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
RESEARCH GRANTS
dc.subject
RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
RETURNS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RURAL LOCATIONS
dc.subject
SCHOLARS
dc.subject
SCHOOL AGE
dc.subject
SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOL COMPLETION
dc.subject
SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
SCHOOL EDUCATION
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
SCHOOL EXPANSION
dc.subject
SCHOOL GRADUATES
dc.subject
SCHOOL QUALITY
dc.subject
SCHOOL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE
dc.subject
SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCES
dc.subject
SOCIAL UNREST
dc.subject
SPECIAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
STATE UNIVERSITY
dc.subject
UNIVERSITIES
dc.subject
UNIVERSITY GRADUATES
dc.subject
UPPER SECONDARY
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.subject
YOUTH POPULATION
dc.title
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Disruptions to Education, and Returns to Schooling in Urban China
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/09/9887676/great-proletarian-cultural-revolution-disruptions-education-returns-schooling-urban-china
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4729
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080926145231
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9887676
okr.identifier.report
WPS4729
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/09/26/000158349_20080926145231/Rendered/PDF/WPS4729.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.sector
Education :: General education sector
okr.theme
Human development :: Education for all
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.topic
Secondary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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