International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain

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collection.link.65
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2173
collection.name.65
Trade and Development
dc.contributor.author
Özden, Çağlar
dc.contributor.author
Schiff, Maurice
dc.date.accessioned
2012-06-01T20:32:17Z
dc.date.available
2012-06-01T20:32:17Z
dc.date.issued
2006
dc.description.abstract
Knowledge of the economic effects of migration, especially its impact on economic development, is rather limited. In order to expand knowledge on migration, and identify policies and reforms that would lead to superior development outcomes, this volume presents the results of a first set of studies carried out on the subject. Current demographic trends in both developed and developing countries are pointing toward significant, potential economic gains from migration. The labor forces in many developed countries are expected to peak around 2010, and decline by around 5 percent in the following two decades, accompanied by a rapid increase in dependency ratios. Conversely, the labor forces in many developing countries are expanding rapidly, resulting in declines in dependency ratios. This imbalance is likely to create strong demand for workers in developed countries' labor markets, especially for numerous service sectors that can only be supplied locally. There are large north-south wage gaps, however, especially for unskilled and semiskilled labor. Part 1 of this book, Migration and Remittances, examines the determinants of migration, and the impact of migration and remittances on various development indicators, and measures of welfare. Among these are poverty and inequality; investments in education, health, housing and other productive activities; entrepreneurship; and child labor and education. It focuses on different source countries, use data collected via different methodologies, and employ different econometric tools. Their results, however, are surprisingly consistent. Part 2, Brain Drain, Brain Gain, Brain Waste, focuses on issues related to the migration of skilled workers, that is, the brain drain. It presents the most extensive database on bilateral skilled migration to date, and also examines a number of issues associated with the brain drain, that have not been emphasized in the literature so far, uncovers a number of interesting and unexpected patterns, and, provides answers to some of the debates. This volume deals essentially with economically motivated south-north migration, whose principal cause is, in most cases, the difference in (the present value of) expected real wages, adjusted for migration costs.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/01/6360661/international-migration-remittances-brain-drain
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-6372-0
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6929
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Trade and Development
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ASYLUM SEEKERS
dc.subject
BRAIN DRAIN
dc.subject
BRAIN GAIN
dc.subject
BRAIN WASTE
dc.subject
BRAIN-DRAIN
dc.subject
CAPITAL FLOWS
dc.subject
CHILD LABOR
dc.subject
COST OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
dc.subject
DETERMINANTS OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
DOMESTIC LABOR
dc.subject
DOMESTIC LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
dc.subject
EDUCATED PEOPLE
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EFFECTS OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
EMIGRATION
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
dc.subject
EUROPEAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FOREIGN STUDENTS
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HIGHLY SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
HOUSING
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION COUNTRIES
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION POLICIES
dc.subject
IMPACT OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION FLOWS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LEGAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
MEXICAN IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRANT CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject
MIGRANT HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MIGRATION COSTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION DECISIONS
dc.subject
MIGRATION FLOWS
dc.subject
MIGRATION PATTERNS
dc.subject
MIGRATION POLICY
dc.subject
MIGRATION RATES
dc.subject
MIGRATION RESEARCH
dc.subject
MUNICIPALITIES
dc.subject
NATIVE POPULATION
dc.subject
NORTH MIGRATION
dc.subject
NUMBER OF MIGRANTS
dc.subject
POLICIES
dc.subject
PRESENT VALUE
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
REFUGEES
dc.subject
RESEARCH ON MIGRATION
dc.subject
RESEARCH PROGRAM
dc.subject
SKILLED MIGRANTS
dc.subject
SKILLED MIGRATION
dc.subject
SKILLED PEOPLE
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SOCIAL ISSUES
dc.subject
SOCIAL NETWORKS
dc.subject
SUBSIDIARY
dc.subject
TEMPORARY MIGRATION
dc.subject
TRADE
dc.subject
UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WASTE
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.title
International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-04-20
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/01/6360661/international-migration-remittances-brain-drain
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-6372-0
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000012009_20051021094619
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
6360661
okr.identifier.report
33988
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/10/21/000012009_20051021094619/Rendered/PDF/339880rev.pdf
en
okr.peerreview
Academic Peer Review
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Banks and Banking Reform
okr.topic
Human Migrations and Resettlements
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: International Migration
okr.topic
Social Development :: Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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