Potential Applications of Conditional Cash Transfers for Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Medlin, Carol
dc.contributor.author
de Walque, Damien
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-31T22:17:21Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-31T22:17:21Z
dc.date.issued
2008-07
dc.description.abstract
A growing number of developing countries have introduced conditional cash transfer programs that provide money to poor families with certain contingencies attached - such as requiring school attendance or regular immunization and health check-ups. As the popularity of conditional cash transfer programs has grown, experimentation with potential applications in other areas of health, such as sexual and reproductive health, and HIV prevention, in particular, has also increased. Evaluations of conditional cash transfer programs have focused almost exclusively on uptake of health and educational services, which make relatively low demands of participants compared with more complex interventions, which require the cessation of risky behaviors, such as smoking, obesity, and substance abuse. The literature on contingency management - based on the principle that behavioral change occurs when appropriate behaviors are reinforced and rewarded - provides a richer picture of the complexity of the use of conditionality to encourage healthy behavioral change. This paper examines developing countries' experiences with conditional cash transfer programs and the results of trials in clinical settings on the efficacy of contingency management, and addresses their relevance for designing conditional cash transfer programs to address risky sexual behavior and promote the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6826
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper No. 4673
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSTINENCE
dc.subject
ADDICTION
dc.subject
ADHERENCE TO MEDICATIONS
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT GIRLS
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
AGGRESSIVE
dc.subject
AIDS EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
AIDS ORPHANS
dc.subject
AIDS PANDEMIC
dc.subject
AIDS PATIENT
dc.subject
AIDS PREVENTION
dc.subject
AIDS VACCINE
dc.subject
AIDS VIRUS
dc.subject
ALCOHOL
dc.subject
ALCOHOL ABUSE
dc.subject
ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
dc.subject
ALCOHOL USE
dc.subject
ANAL SEX
dc.subject
ANTENATAL CARE
dc.subject
ANTIBIOTICS
dc.subject
BABY
dc.subject
BEHAVIOR CHANGE
dc.subject
BEHAVIORAL CHANGE
dc.subject
BEHAVIORAL CHANGES
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL MARKERS
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL OUTCOMES
dc.subject
BIRTH RATES
dc.subject
BLOOD SPECIMEN
dc.subject
BLOOD TESTS
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject
CHLAMYDIA
dc.subject
CIRCUMCISION
dc.subject
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subject
CLINICAL TRIALS
dc.subject
CLINICS
dc.subject
COCAINE
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL SEX
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL SEX WORK
dc.subject
CONDOM
dc.subject
CONDOM PROMOTION
dc.subject
CONDOM USE
dc.subject
CONDOMS
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTION
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE USE
dc.subject
COST EFFECTIVENESS
dc.subject
COUNSELING INTERVENTION
dc.subject
DECISION MAKING
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subject
DIETS
dc.subject
DISEASE
dc.subject
DISEASE CONTROL
dc.subject
DISEASE TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
DRUG ABUSE
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBER
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
GLOBAL ACTION
dc.subject
GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
GLOBAL HEALTH
dc.subject
GONORRHEA
dc.subject
GROUP THERAPY
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH EDUCATION
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPERTS
dc.subject
HEALTH IMPACT
dc.subject
HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH PLANNING
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
HEALTH RISKS
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
dc.subject
HIV INFECTIONS
dc.subject
HIV PREVENTION
dc.subject
HIV TESTING
dc.subject
HIV TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL CHOICES
dc.subject
INFECTION RATES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PERSPECTIVES
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
KIDS
dc.subject
LATIN AMERICAN
dc.subject
MALE CIRCUMCISION
dc.subject
MASS COMMUNICATION
dc.subject
METHADONE
dc.subject
METHADONE PATIENTS
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
MOTHER-TO-CHILD
dc.subject
MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
NEGATIVE HEALTH CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
NEW INFECTIONS
dc.subject
NEWBORNS
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS
dc.subject
OBESITY
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE
dc.subject
OVERWEIGHT
dc.subject
PATIENT
dc.subject
PATIENT CARE
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PEER PRESSURE
dc.subject
PILOT PROJECTS
dc.subject
POLICY GOALS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POOR FAMILIES
dc.subject
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POOR POPULATIONS
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PREGNANCIES
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject
PREVALENCE RATES
dc.subject
PREVENTION ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
PREVENTION COUNSELING
dc.subject
PREVENTION EFFORTS
dc.subject
PREVENTION OF MOTHER
dc.subject
PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
PREVENTION STRATEGIES
dc.subject
PREVENTIVE HEALTH
dc.subject
PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVACY
dc.subject
PRIVATE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PSYCHIATRY
dc.subject
PSYCHOLOGISTS
dc.subject
PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
RISK BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
RISK BEHAVIORS
dc.subject
RISK-TAKING BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
RISKY BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
RISKY BEHAVIORS
dc.subject
RISKY SEX
dc.subject
RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIORS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
SAFE BLOOD
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SCREENING
dc.subject
SELF-TREATMENT
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SEX WORK
dc.subject
SEX WORKERS
dc.subject
SEXUAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
SEXUAL BEHAVIORS
dc.subject
SEXUAL CONTACT
dc.subject
SEXUAL ENCOUNTERS
dc.subject
SEXUAL PARTNERS
dc.subject
SEXUAL PLEASURE
dc.subject
SEXUAL PRACTICES
dc.subject
SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP
dc.subject
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION
dc.subject
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
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SMOKERS
dc.subject
SMOKING
dc.subject
SMOKING CESSATION
dc.subject
SOCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
STD
dc.subject
STDS
dc.subject
STERILIZATION
dc.subject
STIS
dc.subject
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
dc.subject
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
dc.subject
SYMPTOMS
dc.subject
TEEN
dc.subject
TEEN PREGNANCIES
dc.subject
TEENS
dc.subject
THERAPEUTIC APPROACH
dc.subject
TOBACCO
dc.subject
TOBACCO CONTROL
dc.subject
TOXICOLOGY
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION RATES
dc.subject
TRICHOMONAS
dc.subject
UNAIDS
dc.subject
UNPROTECTED SEX
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
VACCINATION
dc.subject
VACCINATION PROGRAMS
dc.subject
VACCINES
dc.subject
VIRAL LOAD
dc.subject
VIRAL LOADS
dc.subject
VIRUS
dc.subject
VOLUNTARY COUNSELING
dc.subject
WEIGHT GAIN
dc.subject
WEIGHT LOSS
dc.subject
WEIGHT REDUCTION
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject
YOUNG GIRLS
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.title
Potential Applications of Conditional Cash Transfers for Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/07/9694231/potential-applications-conditional-cash-transfers-prevention-sexually-transmitted-infections-hiv-sub-saharan-africa
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4673
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080722084441
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9694231
okr.identifier.report
WPS4673
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/07/22/000158349_20080722084441/Rendered/PDF/WPS4673.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.theme
Human development :: HIV/AIDS
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: HIV AIDS
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Disease Control and Prevention
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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