Potential Applications of Conditional Cash Transfers for Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

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dc.contributor.author
Medlin, Carol
en_US
dc.contributor.author
de Walque, Damien
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dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-31T22:17:21Z
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dc.date.available
2012-05-31T22:17:21Z
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dc.date.issued
2008-07
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6826
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dc.description.abstract
A growing number of developing countries have introduced conditional cash transfer programs that provide money to poor families with certain contingencies attached - such as requiring school attendance or regular immunization and health check-ups. As the popularity of conditional cash transfer programs has grown, experimentation with potential applications in other areas of health, such as sexual and reproductive health, and HIV prevention, in particular, has also increased. Evaluations of conditional cash transfer programs have focused almost exclusively on uptake of health and educational services, which make relatively low demands of participants compared with more complex interventions, which require the cessation of risky behaviors, such as smoking, obesity, and substance abuse. The literature on contingency management - based on the principle that behavioral change occurs when appropriate behaviors are reinforced and rewarded - provides a richer picture of the complexity of the use of conditionality to encourage healthy behavioral change. This paper examines developing countries' experiences with conditional cash transfer programs and the results of trials in clinical settings on the efficacy of contingency management, and addresses their relevance for designing conditional cash transfer programs to address risky sexual behavior and promote the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa.
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dc.language
English
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper No. 4673
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 Unported
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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dc.subject
ABSTINENCE
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dc.subject
ADDICTION
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dc.subject
ADHERENCE TO MEDICATIONS
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ADOLESCENT
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ADOLESCENT GIRLS
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AGED
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AGGRESSIVE
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dc.subject
AIDS EPIDEMIC
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AIDS ORPHANS
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AIDS PANDEMIC
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AIDS PATIENT
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AIDS PREVENTION
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AIDS VACCINE
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AIDS VIRUS
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dc.subject
ALCOHOL
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ALCOHOL ABUSE
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ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
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ALCOHOL USE
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dc.subject
ANAL SEX
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ANTENATAL CARE
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ANTIBIOTICS
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dc.subject
BABY
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BEHAVIOR CHANGE
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BEHAVIORAL CHANGE
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BEHAVIORAL CHANGES
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BIOLOGICAL MARKERS
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BIOLOGICAL OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
BIRTH RATES
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dc.subject
BLOOD SPECIMEN
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BLOOD TESTS
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dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
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dc.subject
CHLAMYDIA
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dc.subject
CIRCUMCISION
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dc.subject
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
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dc.subject
CLINICAL TRIALS
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CLINICS
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COCAINE
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dc.subject
COMMERCIAL SEX
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COMMERCIAL SEX WORK
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dc.subject
CONDOM
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CONDOM PROMOTION
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dc.subject
CONDOM USE
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dc.subject
CONDOMS
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CONTRACEPTION
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CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE
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dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE USE
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dc.subject
COST EFFECTIVENESS
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dc.subject
COUNSELING INTERVENTION
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dc.subject
DECISION MAKING
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dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
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dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
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dc.subject
DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
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dc.subject
DIETS
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DISEASE
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DISEASE CONTROL
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DISEASE TRANSMISSION
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dc.subject
DRUG ABUSE
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dc.subject
DRUGS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY
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dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES
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ELDERLY
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dc.subject
FAMILIES
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dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBER
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FAMILY PLANNING
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FAMILY SIZE
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FERTILITY
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FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS
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FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS
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GLOBAL ACTION
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dc.subject
GLOBAL AIDS EPIDEMIC
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GLOBAL HEALTH
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GONORRHEA
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GROUP THERAPY
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HEALTH CARE
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HEALTH CARE SERVICES
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HEALTH EDUCATION
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HEALTH EXPERTS
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HEALTH IMPACT
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HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
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HEALTH OUTCOMES
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HEALTH PLANNING
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HEALTH POLICY
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HEALTH RISKS
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dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
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HEALTH SYSTEMS
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HIV
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dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
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HIV INFECTIONS
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HIV PREVENTION
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HIV TESTING
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HIV TRANSMISSION
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
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HUMAN CAPITAL
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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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ILLNESS
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IMMUNIZATION
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INDIVIDUAL CHOICES
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INFECTION RATES
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dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING
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INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PERSPECTIVES
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dc.subject
INTERVENTION
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KIDS
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dc.subject
LATIN AMERICAN
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MALE CIRCUMCISION
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MASS COMMUNICATION
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METHADONE
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METHADONE PATIENTS
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MOTHER
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MOTHER-TO-CHILD
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MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
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NEGATIVE HEALTH CONSEQUENCES
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NEW INFECTIONS
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NEWBORNS
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NUTRITIONAL STATUS
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NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS
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OBESITY
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OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE
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OVERWEIGHT
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PATIENT
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PATIENT CARE
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PATIENTS
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PEER PRESSURE
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PILOT PROJECTS
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POLICY GOALS
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POLICY RESEARCH
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POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
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dc.subject
POOR FAMILIES
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POOR HOUSEHOLDS
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POOR POPULATIONS
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POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
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POVERTY ALLEVIATION
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POVERTY REDUCTION
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PREGNANCIES
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PREGNANCY
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PREGNANT WOMEN
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PREVALENCE RATES
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PREVENTION ACTIVITIES
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PREVENTION COUNSELING
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PREVENTION EFFORTS
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PREVENTION OF MOTHER
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PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
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PREVENTION STRATEGIES
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PREVENTIVE HEALTH
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PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE
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PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
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PRIMARY EDUCATION
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PRIVACY
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PRIVATE PROVIDERS
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PROGRESS
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PSYCHIATRY
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PSYCHOLOGISTS
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PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY
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PUBLIC HEALTH
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PUBLIC SERVICE
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PUBLIC SERVICE PROVIDERS
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PUBLIC SERVICES
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RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH POLICY
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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES
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RESPECT
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RISK BEHAVIOR
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RISK BEHAVIORS
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RISK-TAKING BEHAVIOR
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RISKY BEHAVIOR
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RISKY BEHAVIORS
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RISKY SEX
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RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
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dc.subject
RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIORS
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RURAL AREAS
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RURAL POPULATION
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SAFE BLOOD
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SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
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SCHOOLS
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SCREENING
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SELF-TREATMENT
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SERVICE PROVIDERS
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SEX
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SEX WORK
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SEX WORKERS
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SEXUAL ACTIVITY
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SEXUAL BEHAVIORS
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SEXUAL CONTACT
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SEXUAL ENCOUNTERS
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SEXUAL PARTNERS
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SEXUAL PLEASURE
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SEXUAL PRACTICES
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SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP
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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION
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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
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SMOKERS
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SMOKING
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SMOKING CESSATION
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SOCIAL SUPPORT
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STD
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STDS
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STERILIZATION
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dc.subject
STIS
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SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
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dc.subject
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
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SYMPTOMS
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TEEN
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TEEN PREGNANCIES
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dc.subject
TEENS
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dc.subject
THERAPEUTIC APPROACH
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dc.subject
TOBACCO
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TOBACCO CONTROL
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TOXICOLOGY
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dc.subject
TRANSMISSION RATES
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dc.subject
TRICHOMONAS
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UNAIDS
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dc.subject
UNPROTECTED SEX
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URBAN AREAS
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VACCINATION
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VACCINATION PROGRAMS
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VACCINES
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VIRAL LOAD
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VIRAL LOADS
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VIRUS
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VOLUNTARY COUNSELING
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WEIGHT GAIN
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WEIGHT LOSS
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WEIGHT REDUCTION
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YOUNG CHILDREN
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YOUNG GIRLS
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YOUNG PEOPLE
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dc.subject
YOUTH
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dc.title
Potential Applications of Conditional Cash Transfers for Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
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okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080722084441
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9694231
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
en_US
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: HIV AIDS
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okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
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okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
en_US
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
en_US
okr.topic
Disease Control and Prevention
en_US
okr.theme
Human development :: HIV/AIDS
en_US
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
en_US
okr.region.administrative
Africa
en_US
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
en_US
okr.identifier.report
WPS4673
en_US
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4673
en_US
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
en_US
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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