Are Skills Rewarded in Sub-Saharan Africa? Determinants of Wages and Productivity in the Manufacturing Sector

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dc.contributor.author
Fox, Louise
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Oviedo, Ana Maria
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dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-31T21:25:17Z
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dc.date.available
2012-05-31T21:25:17Z
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dc.date.issued
2008-08
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6811
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dc.description.abstract
Using recent matched employer-employee data from the manufacturing sector in 20 Sub-Saharan African countries, the authors analyze how the supply of skills and legal origin of the country affect the wage setting process. The wage analysis yields three main findings. First, increasing returns to education, especially for older workers, suggest that the expansion of education in Africa has reduced returns to education for entrants in the labor market. Second, age effects matter not just for returns to education, but also for the wage setting process more generally. In particular, in civil-law countries, returns to seniority are rewarded only after a certain age. Third, workers exercise some power in the wage setting process but their influence varies by linguistic group. In common-law countries, union presence benefits all workers equally, not just members, whereas in civil-law countries, only older members enjoy higher wages. The authors also contrast wage premia with relative marginal productivities for different age, occupation, and education categories. The findings show that in general, older, highly educated, and highly ranked workers receive wage premia that do not reflect a higher relative marginal productivity.
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dc.language
English
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper No. 4688
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 Unported
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO CREDIT
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dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
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dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
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dc.subject
ACCURATE ESTIMATES
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dc.subject
AGE CATEGORIES
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dc.subject
AGE GROUP
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dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
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dc.subject
AGE-EARNINGS
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dc.subject
AGE-EARNINGS PROFILES
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dc.subject
ANNUAL LABOR COST
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dc.subject
ANNUAL WAGE
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dc.subject
ANNUAL WAGES
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dc.subject
ASSESSING LABOR MARKET
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dc.subject
AVERAGE EDUCATION LEVEL
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dc.subject
BANKRUPTCY
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dc.subject
BARGAINING
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dc.subject
BARGAINING POWER
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BRAIN DRAIN
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dc.subject
CALCULATION
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dc.subject
CALCULATIONS
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dc.subject
CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT
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dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION
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dc.subject
COST OF LABOR
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dc.subject
COST OF LIVING
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dc.subject
COUNTRY COMPARISONS
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dc.subject
CURRENCY UNITS
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dc.subject
EARLY RETIREMENT
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dc.subject
EARNINGS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
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dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL DISTRIBUTION
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dc.subject
EFFICIENCY WAGES
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dc.subject
EMPLOYEE
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
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dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
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dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
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EXCHANGE RATES
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dc.subject
FEMALE WORKER
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dc.subject
FEMALE WORKERS
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dc.subject
FIRING COSTS
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dc.subject
FIRM LEVEL
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dc.subject
FIRM PERFORMANCE
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dc.subject
FIRM SIZE
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FIRM SURVEY
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dc.subject
FIRM SURVEYS
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dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
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dc.subject
FOREIGN OWNERSHIP
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dc.subject
FOREIGN WORKERS
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HIGH WAGE
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
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dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
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dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
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dc.subject
INCOME
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dc.subject
INDUSTRY WAGE
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dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
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dc.subject
JOB SECURITY
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dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
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dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
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dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
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dc.subject
LABOR MANAGEMENT
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKET POLICY
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKET RIGIDITY
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dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
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dc.subject
LABOR REGULATION
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dc.subject
LABOR REGULATIONS
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dc.subject
LABOR RELATIONS
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dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
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dc.subject
LABOUR
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dc.subject
LABOUR STATISTICS
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dc.subject
LARGE FIRM
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LARGE FIRMS
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LATIN AMERICAN
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LEATHER INDUSTRY
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LIVING COSTS
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LOCAL CURRENCY
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MIDDLE EAST
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dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGES
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MOTIVATION
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dc.subject
NOMINAL WAGES
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NORTH AFRICA
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dc.subject
OCCUPATION
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dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
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OLDER WORKERS
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PAID WORKERS
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PERMANENT WORKERS
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dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
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dc.subject
PREVIOUS SECTION
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dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
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PRIVATE SECTOR
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PRODUCT MARKET
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PRODUCTION FUNCTION
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PRODUCTION WORKER
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dc.subject
PRODUCTION WORKERS
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dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITIES
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dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
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dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY LEVEL
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dc.subject
PUBLIC PENSIONS
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dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
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dc.subject
QUESTIONNAIRE
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RATES OF RETURN
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dc.subject
REGRESSION ANALYSIS
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RENTS
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SALARIES
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SALES
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SECONDARY EDUCATION
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SECONDARY SCHOOL
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SENIOR
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dc.subject
SEVERANCE PAY
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SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
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SKILL SHORTAGE
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dc.subject
SKILL SHORTAGES
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SKILLED LABOR
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STOCKS
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SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
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TAXATION
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TEACHERS
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TEMPORARY WORKERS
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TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
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TOTAL WORKER
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TRADE UNION
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UNION DENSITY
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UNION MEMBERSHIP
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UNION MEMBERSHIP RATES
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UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION
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dc.subject
UNSKILLED WORKER
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dc.subject
UNSKILLED WORKERS
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dc.subject
VALUABLE
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dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
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dc.subject
WAGE BILL
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WAGE DETERMINATION
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WAGE EFFECT
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dc.subject
WAGE GAPS
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WAGE INCREASE
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WAGE PREMIUM
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dc.subject
WAGE STRUCTURE
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dc.subject
WORKER
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dc.subject
WORTH
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dc.subject
YOUNG WORKERS
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dc.subject
YOUNGER WORKERS
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dc.title
Are Skills Rewarded in Sub-Saharan Africa? Determinants of Wages and Productivity in the Manufacturing Sector
en_US
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080811104606
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9755051
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
en_US
okr.topic
Access and Equity in Basic Education
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okr.topic
Banks and Banking Reform
en_US
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
en_US
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
en_US
okr.topic
Education
en_US
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development
en_US
okr.identifier.report
WPS4688
en_US
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4688
en_US
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
en_US
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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okr.globalpractice
Education
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okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
en_US
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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