Are Skills Rewarded in Sub-Saharan Africa? Determinants of Wages and Productivity in the Manufacturing Sector

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Fox, Louise
dc.contributor.author
Oviedo, Ana Maria
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-31T21:25:17Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-31T21:25:17Z
dc.date.issued
2008-08
dc.description.abstract
Using recent matched employer-employee data from the manufacturing sector in 20 Sub-Saharan African countries, the authors analyze how the supply of skills and legal origin of the country affect the wage setting process. The wage analysis yields three main findings. First, increasing returns to education, especially for older workers, suggest that the expansion of education in Africa has reduced returns to education for entrants in the labor market. Second, age effects matter not just for returns to education, but also for the wage setting process more generally. In particular, in civil-law countries, returns to seniority are rewarded only after a certain age. Third, workers exercise some power in the wage setting process but their influence varies by linguistic group. In common-law countries, union presence benefits all workers equally, not just members, whereas in civil-law countries, only older members enjoy higher wages. The authors also contrast wage premia with relative marginal productivities for different age, occupation, and education categories. The findings show that in general, older, highly educated, and highly ranked workers receive wage premia that do not reflect a higher relative marginal productivity.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6811
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper No. 4688
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO CREDIT
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ACCURATE ESTIMATES
dc.subject
AGE CATEGORIES
dc.subject
AGE GROUP
dc.subject
AGE GROUPS
dc.subject
AGE-EARNINGS
dc.subject
AGE-EARNINGS PROFILES
dc.subject
ANNUAL LABOR COST
dc.subject
ANNUAL WAGE
dc.subject
ANNUAL WAGES
dc.subject
ASSESSING LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
AVERAGE EDUCATION LEVEL
dc.subject
BANKRUPTCY
dc.subject
BARGAINING
dc.subject
BARGAINING POWER
dc.subject
BRAIN DRAIN
dc.subject
CALCULATION
dc.subject
CALCULATIONS
dc.subject
CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION
dc.subject
COST OF LABOR
dc.subject
COST OF LIVING
dc.subject
COUNTRY COMPARISONS
dc.subject
CURRENCY UNITS
dc.subject
EARLY RETIREMENT
dc.subject
EARNINGS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY WAGES
dc.subject
EMPLOYEE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
FEMALE WORKER
dc.subject
FEMALE WORKERS
dc.subject
FIRING COSTS
dc.subject
FIRM LEVEL
dc.subject
FIRM PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
FIRM SIZE
dc.subject
FIRM SURVEY
dc.subject
FIRM SURVEYS
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
FOREIGN WORKERS
dc.subject
HIGH WAGE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INDUSTRY WAGE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject
JOB SECURITY
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET POLICY
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET RIGIDITY
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATION
dc.subject
LABOR REGULATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR RELATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LABOUR
dc.subject
LABOUR STATISTICS
dc.subject
LARGE FIRM
dc.subject
LARGE FIRMS
dc.subject
LATIN AMERICAN
dc.subject
LEATHER INDUSTRY
dc.subject
LIVING COSTS
dc.subject
LOCAL CURRENCY
dc.subject
MIDDLE EAST
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject
MOTIVATION
dc.subject
NOMINAL WAGES
dc.subject
NORTH AFRICA
dc.subject
OCCUPATION
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
OLDER WORKERS
dc.subject
PAID WORKERS
dc.subject
PERMANENT WORKERS
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
PREVIOUS SECTION
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKET
dc.subject
PRODUCTION FUNCTION
dc.subject
PRODUCTION WORKER
dc.subject
PRODUCTION WORKERS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITIES
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY LEVEL
dc.subject
PUBLIC PENSIONS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
QUESTIONNAIRE
dc.subject
RATES OF RETURN
dc.subject
REGRESSION ANALYSIS
dc.subject
RENTS
dc.subject
SALARIES
dc.subject
SALES
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SENIOR
dc.subject
SEVERANCE PAY
dc.subject
SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
dc.subject
SKILL SHORTAGE
dc.subject
SKILL SHORTAGES
dc.subject
SKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
STOCKS
dc.subject
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
TEMPORARY WORKERS
dc.subject
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TOTAL WORKER
dc.subject
TRADE UNION
dc.subject
UNION DENSITY
dc.subject
UNION MEMBERSHIP
dc.subject
UNION MEMBERSHIP RATES
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
UNSKILLED WORKER
dc.subject
UNSKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
VALUABLE
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
WAGE BILL
dc.subject
WAGE DETERMINATION
dc.subject
WAGE EFFECT
dc.subject
WAGE GAPS
dc.subject
WAGE INCREASE
dc.subject
WAGE PREMIUM
dc.subject
WAGE STRUCTURE
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
WORTH
dc.subject
YOUNG WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUNGER WORKERS
dc.title
Are Skills Rewarded in Sub-Saharan Africa? Determinants of Wages and Productivity in the Manufacturing Sector
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/08/9755051/skills-rewarded-sub-saharan-africa-determinants-wages-productivity-manufacturing-sector
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4688
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080811104606
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9755051
okr.identifier.report
WPS4688
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/08/11/000158349_20080811104606/Rendered/PDF/WPS4688.pdf
en
okr.topic
Access and Equity in Basic Education
okr.topic
Banks and Banking Reform
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Education
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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