India Shining and Bharat Drowning : Comparing Two Indian States to the Worldwide Distribution in Mathematics Achievement

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Das, Jishnu
dc.contributor.author
Zajonc, Tristan
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-30T17:59:45Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-30T17:59:45Z
dc.date.issued
2008-06
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T05:32:35Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper uses student answers to publicly released questions from an international testing agency together with statistical methods from Item Response Theory to place secondary students from two Indian states -Orissa and Rajasthan -on a worldwide distribution of mathematics achievement. These two states fall below 43 of the 51 countries for which data exist. The bottom 5 percent of children rank higher than the bottom 5 percent in only three countries-South Africa, Ghana and Saudi Arabia. But not all students test poorly. Inequality in the test-score distribution for both states is next only to South Africa in the worldwide ranking exercise. Consequently, and to the extent that these two states can represent India, the two statements "for every ten top performers in the United States there are four in India" and "for every ten low performers in the United States there are two hundred in India" are both consistent with the data. The combination of India's size and large variance in achievement give both the perceptions that India is shining even as Bharat, the vernacular for India, is drowning. Comparable estimates of inequalities in learning are the building blocks for substantive research on the correlates of earnings inequality in India and other low-income countries; the methods proposed here allow for independent testing exercises to build up such data by linking scores to internationally comparable tests.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/06/9560562/india-shining-bharat-drowning-comparing-two-indian-states-worldwide-distribution-mathematics-achievement
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6668
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper No. 4644
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
ACHIEVEMENTS
dc.subject
APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subject
ATTENTION
dc.subject
AVERAGE SCORE
dc.subject
BELIEFS
dc.subject
CALL
dc.subject
COGNITIVE ABILITY
dc.subject
COMPETENCE
dc.subject
ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
EDUCATED WORKERS
dc.subject
EDUCATION BUDGET
dc.subject
EDUCATION SECTOR
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL POLICY
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL TESTING
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATE
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject
EXAM
dc.subject
EXAMS
dc.subject
FIRST GRADE
dc.subject
FUTURE RESEARCH
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
GIRLS
dc.subject
GROSS ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN SCIENCES
dc.subject
INFERENCE
dc.subject
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
INTUITION
dc.subject
LEARNING
dc.subject
LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
LEARNING ACHIEVEMENTS
dc.subject
LEARNING LEVELS
dc.subject
LEARNING OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LEVELS OF ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
LITERACY
dc.subject
LITERATURE
dc.subject
LOWER SECONDARY
dc.subject
LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
MATH SCORES
dc.subject
MATHEMATICS
dc.subject
MOBILITY
dc.subject
MOTIVATION
dc.subject
NET ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
NUMERACY
dc.subject
ONLY CHILDREN
dc.subject
PAPERS
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIMARY ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
PRIMARY GRADES
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
PRINCIPALS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PROFICIENCY
dc.subject
QUALITY EDUCATION
dc.subject
QUALITY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
REASONING
dc.subject
RESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.subject
RESEARCHERS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SCHOOL SURVEY
dc.subject
SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENTS
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SECONDARY STUDENTS
dc.subject
SENIOR SECONDARY
dc.subject
SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SOCIAL STUDIES
dc.subject
STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
TEST SCORES
dc.subject
THINKING
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.title
India Shining and Bharat Drowning : Comparing Two Indian States to the Worldwide Distribution in Mathematics Achievement
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/06/9560562/india-shining-bharat-drowning-comparing-two-indian-states-worldwide-distribution-mathematics-achievement
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4644
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080617085945
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9560562
okr.identifier.report
WPS4644
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/06/17/000158349_20080617085945/Rendered/PDF/wps4644.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
India
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Secondary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Educational Sciences
okr.topic
Teaching and Learning
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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