Measuring Financial Protection in Health

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Wagstaff, Adam
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-29T17:49:36Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-29T17:49:36Z
dc.date.issued
2008-03
dc.description.abstract
Health systems are not just about improving health: good ones also ensure that people are protected from the financial consequences of receiving medical care. Anecdotal evidence suggests health systems often perform badly in this respect, apparently with devastating consequences for households, especially poor ones and near-poor ones. Two principal methods have been used to measure financial protection in health. Both relate a household's out-of-pocket spending to a threshold defined in terms of living standards in the absence of the spending: the first defines spending as catastrophic if it exceeds a certain percentage of the living standards measure; the second defines spending as impoverishing if it makes the difference between a household being above and below the poverty line. The paper provides an overview of the methods and issues arising in each case, and presents empirical work in the area of financial protection in health, including the impacts of government policy. The paper also reviews a recent critique of the methods used to measure financial protection.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6570
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4554
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABILITY TO PAY
dc.subject
AMOUNT OF MONEY
dc.subject
ANNUAL RETURNS
dc.subject
BORROWING
dc.subject
CALCULATION
dc.subject
CALCULATIONS
dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC HEALTH EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC HEALTH SPENDING
dc.subject
CHEMOTHERAPY
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COMMUNITY HEALTH
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION
dc.subject
COST OF HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
COST OF MEDICAL CARE
dc.subject
COSTS OF HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
COUNTERFACTUAL
dc.subject
CURRENT INCOME
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DISPOSABLE INCOME
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REVIEW
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXPENSE RATIO
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FEE SCHEDULE
dc.subject
FEE-FOR-SERVICE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
FINANCIAL RISK
dc.subject
FINANCING HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
FOOD EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
FOOD EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE COSTS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SPENDING
dc.subject
HEALTH ECONOMICS
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HEALTH FINANCING
dc.subject
HEALTH FINANCING REFORM
dc.subject
HEALTH FINANCING SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH INEQUALITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEMES
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
HEALTH REFORM
dc.subject
HEALTH SECTOR
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
dc.subject
HEALTH SPENDING
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM REFORM
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH WORKERS
dc.subject
HEALTH-CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH-CARE COSTS
dc.subject
HOSPITAL COSTS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SPENDING
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject
HR
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME GROUPS
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCOME QUINTILE
dc.subject
INCOME RISK
dc.subject
INCOME SOURCE
dc.subject
INFORMAL PAYMENTS
dc.subject
INPATIENT CARE
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INSURANCE COVERAGE
dc.subject
INSURANCE RATES
dc.subject
INTEREST PAYMENTS
dc.subject
INTEREST RATE
dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOAN
dc.subject
LOW INCOME
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME
dc.subject
MEDICAL BILL
dc.subject
MEDICAL BILLS
dc.subject
MEDICAL CARE
dc.subject
MEDICAL CARE COSTS
dc.subject
MEDICAL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
MEDICAL COSTS
dc.subject
MEDICAL EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
MEDICAL EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
MEDICAL EXPENSES
dc.subject
MEDICINES
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT
dc.subject
POCKET PAYMENTS
dc.subject
POCKET PAYMENTS FOR HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POOR FAMILIES
dc.subject
POOR HEALTH
dc.subject
POVERTY ESTIMATES
dc.subject
POVERTY GAP
dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
POVERTY RATE
dc.subject
POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
PREPAYMENT SYSTEMS
dc.subject
PRIVATE PHARMACIES
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject
RATE OF RETURN
dc.subject
REPAYMENTS
dc.subject
RESEARCH PROGRAM
dc.subject
RURAL
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
SALES
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SHARE OF HEALTH SPENDING
dc.subject
SOCIAL HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL INSURANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL INSURANCE SYSTEM
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
TOTAL COST
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORTH
dc.title
Measuring Financial Protection in Health
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/03/9073635/measuring-financial-protection-health
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4554
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080312140044
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9073635
okr.identifier.report
WPS4554
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/03/12/000158349_20080312140044/Rendered/PDF/wps4554.pdf
en
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
okr.topic
Health Systems Development and Reform
okr.topic
Health Economics and Finance
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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