Measuring Financial Protection in Health

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dc.contributor.author
Wagstaff, Adam
en_US
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-29T17:49:36Z
en_US
dc.date.available
2012-05-29T17:49:36Z
en_US
dc.date.issued
2008-03
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6570
en_US
dc.description.abstract
Health systems are not just about improving health: good ones also ensure that people are protected from the financial consequences of receiving medical care. Anecdotal evidence suggests health systems often perform badly in this respect, apparently with devastating consequences for households, especially poor ones and near-poor ones. Two principal methods have been used to measure financial protection in health. Both relate a household's out-of-pocket spending to a threshold defined in terms of living standards in the absence of the spending: the first defines spending as catastrophic if it exceeds a certain percentage of the living standards measure; the second defines spending as impoverishing if it makes the difference between a household being above and below the poverty line. The paper provides an overview of the methods and issues arising in each case, and presents empirical work in the area of financial protection in health, including the impacts of government policy. The paper also reviews a recent critique of the methods used to measure financial protection.
en_US
dc.language
English
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dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4554
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dc.rights
Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 Unported
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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dc.subject
ABILITY TO PAY
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dc.subject
AMOUNT OF MONEY
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dc.subject
ANNUAL RETURNS
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dc.subject
BORROWING
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dc.subject
CALCULATION
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dc.subject
CALCULATIONS
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dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC HEALTH EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
CATASTROPHIC HEALTH SPENDING
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dc.subject
CHEMOTHERAPY
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dc.subject
COMMUNITY HEALTH
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dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION
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dc.subject
COST OF HEALTH CARE
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dc.subject
COST OF MEDICAL CARE
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dc.subject
COSTS OF HEALTH CARE
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dc.subject
COUNTERFACTUAL
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dc.subject
CURRENT INCOME
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dc.subject
DISPOSABLE INCOME
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC REVIEW
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dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
EXPENSE RATIO
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dc.subject
FAMILIES
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dc.subject
FEE SCHEDULE
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dc.subject
FEE-FOR-SERVICE
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL CONSEQUENCES
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL PROTECTION
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dc.subject
FINANCIAL RISK
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dc.subject
FINANCING HEALTH CARE
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dc.subject
FOOD EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
FOOD EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
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dc.subject
HEALTH CARE COSTS
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dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SPENDING
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dc.subject
HEALTH ECONOMICS
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dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
HEALTH FINANCING
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dc.subject
HEALTH FINANCING REFORM
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dc.subject
HEALTH FINANCING SYSTEM
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dc.subject
HEALTH INEQUALITIES
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dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
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dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME
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dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEMES
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dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE SYSTEM
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dc.subject
HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
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dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
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dc.subject
HEALTH REFORM
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dc.subject
HEALTH SECTOR
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dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
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dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
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dc.subject
HEALTH SPENDING
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dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
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dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM REFORM
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dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS
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dc.subject
HEALTH WORKERS
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dc.subject
HEALTH-CARE
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dc.subject
HEALTH-CARE COSTS
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dc.subject
HOSPITAL COSTS
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LIVING STANDARDS
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SPENDING
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
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dc.subject
HR
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dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
ILLNESS
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dc.subject
INCOME
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dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
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dc.subject
INCOME GROUPS
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dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
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dc.subject
INCOME QUINTILE
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dc.subject
INCOME RISK
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dc.subject
INCOME SOURCE
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dc.subject
INFORMAL PAYMENTS
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dc.subject
INPATIENT CARE
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dc.subject
INSURANCE
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dc.subject
INSURANCE COVERAGE
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dc.subject
INSURANCE RATES
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dc.subject
INTEREST PAYMENTS
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dc.subject
INTEREST RATE
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dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
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dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
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LOAN
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LOW INCOME
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dc.subject
LOW-INCOME
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dc.subject
MEDICAL BILL
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dc.subject
MEDICAL BILLS
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dc.subject
MEDICAL CARE
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dc.subject
MEDICAL CARE COSTS
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dc.subject
MEDICAL CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
MEDICAL COSTS
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dc.subject
MEDICAL EXPENDITURE
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dc.subject
MEDICAL EXPENDITURES
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dc.subject
MEDICAL EXPENSES
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dc.subject
MEDICINES
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dc.subject
PATIENTS
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dc.subject
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
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dc.subject
PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT
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dc.subject
POCKET PAYMENTS
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dc.subject
POCKET PAYMENTS FOR HEALTH CARE
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dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
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dc.subject
POOR
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dc.subject
POOR FAMILIES
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dc.subject
POOR HEALTH
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dc.subject
POVERTY ESTIMATES
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dc.subject
POVERTY GAP
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POVERTY LINE
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POVERTY RATE
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POVERTY RATES
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PREPAYMENT SYSTEMS
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PRIVATE PHARMACIES
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PRIVATE SECTOR
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PUBLIC SECTOR
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dc.subject
RATE OF RETURN
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dc.subject
REPAYMENTS
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RESEARCH PROGRAM
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RURAL
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dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
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RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
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RURAL POPULATION
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SALES
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SAVINGS
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SHARE OF HEALTH SPENDING
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dc.subject
SOCIAL HEALTH INSURANCE
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dc.subject
SOCIAL INSURANCE
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dc.subject
SOCIAL INSURANCE SYSTEM
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dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
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dc.subject
TOTAL COST
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dc.subject
WORKERS
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dc.subject
WORTH
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dc.title
Measuring Financial Protection in Health
en_US
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080312140044
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9073635
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
en_US
okr.topic
Health Monitoring and Evaluation
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okr.topic
Health Systems Development and Reform
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okr.topic
Health Economics and Finance
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
en_US
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
en_US
okr.identifier.report
WPS4554
en_US
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4554
en_US
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
en_US
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
en_US
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
en_US
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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