Can Production and Trafficking of Illicit Drugs be Reduced or Merely Shifted?

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Reuter, Peter
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-29T14:49:41Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-29T14:49:41Z
dc.date.issued
2008-03
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-13T14:26:40Z
dc.description.abstract
The production of cocaine and heroin, the two most important drugs economically, has been concentrated in a small number of poor nations for 25 years. A slightly larger number of developing nations have been affected by large-scale trafficking in these two drugs. This paper reviews what is known about drug control programs and considers non-traditional options. The usual array of programs for suppressing drug problems, enforcement, treatment, harm reduction and prevention have been assessed almost exclusively in wealthy nations. Although treatment has been shown to be cost-effective, it is of minimal relevance for reducing the drug problems of nations such as Afghanistan, Colombia, Mexico or Tajikistan, which are primarily harmed by production and trafficking rather than consumption. Efforts to reduce drug production and trafficking have not been subject to systematic evaluation but the best interpretation of the available evidence is that they have had minimal effect on the quantities produced or trafficked. It is reasonable to conclude that international drug control efforts can do more to affect where these drugs are produced rather than the quantity. If that is the case, and given that spreading a specific level of production or trafficking to more rather than fewer nations probably decreases global welfare, it may be appropriate to consider a less aggressive stance to current producers and to make strategic decisions about the location of an industry producing a global bad.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/03/9087385/can-production-trafficking-illicit-drugs-reduced-or-merely-shifted
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6531
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4564
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABUSE
dc.subject
ADDICTION
dc.subject
ADVERSE EFFECTS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
ALCOHOL
dc.subject
ALCOHOLIC
dc.subject
ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
dc.subject
ANALGESICS
dc.subject
BAN
dc.subject
BOUNDARIES
dc.subject
CANNABIS
dc.subject
CARTEL
dc.subject
CENTRAL AMERICA
dc.subject
CENTRAL ASIAN
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject
CIVIL WAR
dc.subject
COCAINE
dc.subject
COCAINE USE
dc.subject
COMMERCE
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
CONFLICT
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
CORRUPTION
dc.subject
COST INCREASE
dc.subject
COUNTERPARTS
dc.subject
CRACK
dc.subject
CRIME
dc.subject
CRIMINAL
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject
DRUG
dc.subject
DRUG ABUSE
dc.subject
DRUG CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DRUG CONTROL PROGRAM
dc.subject
DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMS
dc.subject
DRUG CZAR
dc.subject
DRUG POLICIES
dc.subject
DRUG SEIZURES
dc.subject
DRUG TRADE
dc.subject
DRUG TRAFFICKERS
dc.subject
DRUG TRAFFICKING
dc.subject
DRUG USE
dc.subject
DRUG USERS
dc.subject
EAST EUROPE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
ELASTICITY
dc.subject
ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
dc.subject
EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
EXTRADITION
dc.subject
FAIR
dc.subject
FIXED COSTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject
HEROIN
dc.subject
HOSTAGE
dc.subject
ILLEGAL DRUGS
dc.subject
ILLICIT DRUG
dc.subject
ILLICIT DRUG TRADE
dc.subject
ILLICIT DRUG USE
dc.subject
ILLICIT DRUGS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
INTEGRITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADING
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TREATY
dc.subject
LAW ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
MACROECONOMICS
dc.subject
MARGINAL COSTS
dc.subject
MARIJUANA
dc.subject
MARKET CONDITIONS
dc.subject
MARKETING
dc.subject
MATHEMATICAL MODELS
dc.subject
MEETING
dc.subject
MILITARY LEADER
dc.subject
MONOPOLY
dc.subject
MORPHINE
dc.subject
MURDERS
dc.subject
NARCOTIC
dc.subject
NARCOTICS
dc.subject
NARCOTICS CONTROL
dc.subject
NATIONS
dc.subject
OBSERVERS
dc.subject
OPIATE
dc.subject
OPIATE ABUSE
dc.subject
OPIATE ADDICTS
dc.subject
OPIATE USERS
dc.subject
OPIATES
dc.subject
OPIUM
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITY COST
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITY COSTS
dc.subject
PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE
dc.subject
POLICE
dc.subject
POPPIES
dc.subject
PRICE INCREASES
dc.subject
PRICE SUPPORT
dc.subject
PRISON
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PURCHASE PRICE
dc.subject
PURCHASING
dc.subject
RECONSTRUCTION
dc.subject
RETAIL
dc.subject
RETAIL PRICE
dc.subject
RETAIL PRICES
dc.subject
REVOLUTION
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
SALE
dc.subject
SALES
dc.subject
SANCTIONS
dc.subject
SELLING DRUGS
dc.subject
SMUGGLER
dc.subject
SMUGGLERS
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject
SOLDIERS
dc.subject
SOUTH AMERICA
dc.subject
SOUTH AMERICAN
dc.subject
SPREAD
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTE
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTION
dc.subject
SUPPLIER
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
THEFT
dc.subject
TOBACCO
dc.subject
TRAFFICKING
dc.subject
VALUE ADDED
dc.subject
VICTIMS
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WEALTH
dc.subject
WEST EUROPE
dc.subject
WESTERN EUROPE
dc.subject
WHOLESALE PRICES
dc.subject
WHOLESALER
dc.subject
WORLD MARKET
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
dc.title
Can Production and Trafficking of Illicit Drugs be Reduced or Merely Shifted?
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Fragility, Conflict, and Violence
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/03/9087385/can-production-trafficking-illicit-drugs-reduced-or-merely-shifted
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4564
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20080318133751
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9087385
okr.identifier.report
WPS4564
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/03/18/000158349_20080318133751/Rendered/PDF/wps4564.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Colombia
okr.region.country
Tajikistan
okr.region.country
Mexico
okr.region.country
Afghanistan
okr.topic
Economic Theory and Research
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Markets and Market Access
okr.topic
Conflict and Development :: Post Conflict Reconstruction
okr.topic
Social Development :: Crime and Society
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Alcohol and Substance Abuse
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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