China Urbanizes : Consequences, Strategies, and Policies

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collection.link.336
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32464
collection.name.336
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Yusuf, Shahid
dc.contributor.author
Saich, Tony
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-24T14:18:08Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-24T14:18:08Z
dc.date.issued
2008
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:25Z
dc.description.abstract
Rural-urban migration is playing an increasingly important role in shaping the economic and demographic landscape of Chinese cities. Over the past two decades, China has transformed itself from a relatively immobile society to one in which more than 10 percent of the population are migrants. China's mobility rate is still low compared with that of advanced industrial economies, the sheer size of the migrant flows and their dramatic economic and social consequences have already profoundly affected economic growth and urban development. Looking ahead, decision makers at all levels will need to craft policies that address issues of migration and rural-urban migrants issues that are hotly debated among scholars, Chinese policy makers, and others. This report presents recent findings that describe migration patterns and changes since the 1980s.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/01/9014944/china-urbanizes-consequences-strategies-policies
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-7211-1
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6337
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
Washington, DC : World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in development.;Countries and regions
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCELERATOR
dc.subject
ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
ACID RAIN
dc.subject
AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
AIR TRANSPORT
dc.subject
APPROPRIATE INCENTIVES
dc.subject
AQUIFERS
dc.subject
ARTERY
dc.subject
AUTOMOBILES
dc.subject
CAPITAL MARKETS
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
dc.subject
CHILDBIRTH
dc.subject
CHINESE POPULATION
dc.subject
CITIZEN
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COMBAT POVERTY
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
CONGESTION
dc.subject
CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
CPI
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DECISION MAKING
dc.subject
DEMAND DEPOSITS
dc.subject
DEPENDANTS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
dc.subject
DIMINISHING RETURNS
dc.subject
DIMINISHING RETURNS TO SCALE
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
DISSEMINATION
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CHANGE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
ELASTICITIES
dc.subject
ELASTICITY
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ENERGY USE
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY POLICIES
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
FLOOR AREA
dc.subject
FLOW OF MIGRANTS
dc.subject
FLOWS OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
GNP
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
GREEN ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROUNDWATER
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICIES
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject
HIGHWAYS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
IFS
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
IMPORTS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INCOME TAX
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE · POLICIES
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURES
dc.subject
INSPECTION
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INSURANCE SCHEMES
dc.subject
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LAND USE POLICIES
dc.subject
LARGE CITIES
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOCAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MIXED USE
dc.subject
MODERNIZATION
dc.subject
MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
NATIONAL FERTILITY
dc.subject
NEGATIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
NET IMPORTS
dc.subject
NOISE
dc.subject
NOISE POLLUTION
dc.subject
NUMBER OF MIGRANTS
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
OIL EQUIVALENT
dc.subject
OLD-AGE
dc.subject
OLDER PEOPLE
dc.subject
OPEC
dc.subject
PACE OF URBANIZATION
dc.subject
PASSENGER VEHICLES
dc.subject
PENSIONS
dc.subject
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
PLACE OF RESIDENCE
dc.subject
POLICY CHANGE
dc.subject
POLICY INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITIES
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION PRESSURES
dc.subject
POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
PRIVATE VEHICLE
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
PUBLIC GOODS
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECURITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
RAILWAY
dc.subject
RAILWAY SYSTEM
dc.subject
REAL WAGES
dc.subject
RECYCLING
dc.subject
REGIONAL POLICIES
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY
dc.subject
RESOURCE CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
RESOURCE MOBILIZATION
dc.subject
RESOURCE USE
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
RISING DEMAND
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
RURAL COUNTIES
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATIONS
dc.subject
RURAL RESIDENTS
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY NET
dc.subject
SAFETY NETS
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SANITATION FACILITIES
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SCARCITIES
dc.subject
SCARCITY OF WATER
dc.subject
SEA LEVEL
dc.subject
SECURITIES
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROBLEMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SPILLOVER
dc.subject
SUBWAY
dc.subject
SULFUR DIOXIDE
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
dc.subject
TEMPORARY MIGRANTS
dc.subject
TOXINS
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SYSTEM
dc.subject
UNDERGROUND
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN CENTER
dc.subject
URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
URBAN DWELLERS
dc.subject
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATION
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATIONS
dc.subject
URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject
URBAN SLUMS
dc.subject
URBAN SPRAWL
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
USE OF ENERGY
dc.subject
USE PER CAPITA
dc.subject
VEHICLE USE
dc.subject
VULNERABILITY
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WASTE DISPOSAL
dc.subject
WATER MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
WATER POLLUTION
dc.subject
WATER RESOURCES
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLIES
dc.subject
WETLANDS
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.title
China Urbanizes : Consequences, Strategies, and Policies
en
okr.date.disclosure
2008-03-24
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/01/9014944/china-urbanizes-consequences-strategies-policies
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-7211-1
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20080218003105
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
9014944
okr.identifier.report
42485
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/02/18/000333037_20080218003105/Rendered/PDF/424850PUB0ISBN101OFFICIAL0USE0ONLY1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.region.geographical
Asia
okr.region.geographical
East Asia
okr.topic
National Urban Development Policies and Strategies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Banks and Banking Reform
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Environmental Economics and Policies
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.topic
Urban Development
okr.topic
Environment
okr.topic
Transport
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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