Migration and Economic Mobility in Tanzania : Evidence from a Tracking Survey

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Beegle, Kathleen
dc.contributor.author
De Weerdt, Joachim
dc.contributor.author
Dercon, Stefan
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-22T22:25:13Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-22T22:25:13Z
dc.date.issued
2008-12
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-13T14:24:03Z
dc.description.abstract
This study explores the extent to which migration has contributed to improved living standards of individuals in Tanzania. Using longitudinal data on individuals, the authors estimate the impact of migration on consumption growth between 1991 and 2004. The analysis addresses concerns about heterogeneity and unobservable factors correlated with both income changes and the decision to migrate. The findings show that migration adds 36 percentage points to consumption growth, during a period of considerable growth in consumption. These results are robust to numerous tests and alternative specifications. Unpacking the findings, the analysis finds that moving out of agriculture is correlated with much higher growth than staying in agriculture, although growth is always higher in any sector if one physically moves. Economic mobility is strongly linked to geographic mobility. The puzzle is why more people do not move if returns to geographic mobility are high. The evidence is consistent with models in which exit barriers are set by home communities (through social and family norms) that prevent migration of certain categories of people.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/12/10115849/migration-economic-mobility-tanzania-evidence-tracking-survey
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6333
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4798
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ADULT MORTALITY
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE
dc.subject
AIDS EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
BASIC NEEDS
dc.subject
BUSINESS OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
CHANGE IN CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION AGGREGATE
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION DATA
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION GROWTH
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION POVERTY
dc.subject
DECLINE IN POVERTY
dc.subject
DETERMINANTS OF CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DOWRY
dc.subject
EARNINGS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SHOCKS
dc.subject
EDUCATION LEVELS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL LEVELS
dc.subject
EMPLOYERS
dc.subject
ENDOWMENTS
dc.subject
EQUALITY
dc.subject
EXCLUSION
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FEMALE CHILDREN
dc.subject
FOOD COMPONENTS
dc.subject
FOOD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FOOD CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA
dc.subject
FOOD EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD BUDGET
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD BUDGET SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
HOUSING
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUSBANDS
dc.subject
IMPACT OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
INCOME CHANGES
dc.subject
INCOME GAINS
dc.subject
INCOME GROWTH
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
KINSHIP
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MARITAL STATUS
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MIGRATION PROCESS
dc.subject
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
PEER GROUPS
dc.subject
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POOR AREAS
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POVERTY DYNAMICS
dc.subject
POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
POVERTY RATE
dc.subject
POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PULL FACTORS
dc.subject
PUSH FACTORS
dc.subject
REFUGEE
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
REMOTE AREAS
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
RETURN MIGRATION
dc.subject
RURAL AREA
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL TRANSFORMATION
dc.subject
RURAL VILLAGES
dc.subject
SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SOCIAL FACTORS
dc.subject
SOCIAL NETWORKS
dc.subject
SOCIAL NORMS
dc.subject
SOURCE OF INCOME
dc.subject
SPOUSE
dc.subject
SUBSISTENCE
dc.subject
TEENS
dc.subject
TOTAL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
TRADITIONAL VALUES
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN CENTER
dc.subject
URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject
VILLAGE
dc.subject
WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WOMAN
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.subject
YOUNG MALE
dc.title
Migration and Economic Mobility in Tanzania : Evidence from a Tracking Survey
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/12/10115849/migration-economic-mobility-tanzania-evidence-tracking-survey
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4798
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20081218092223
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10115849
okr.identifier.report
WPS4798
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/12/18/000158349_20081218092223/Rendered/PDF/WPS4798.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Tanzania
okr.relation.associatedurl
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5401
okr.sector
Primary education
okr.sector
General education sector
okr.theme
Social protection and risk management :: Poverty strategy, analysis and monitoring
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Consumption
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Governance :: Youth and Governance
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Access to Finance
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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