Social Transfers, Labor Supply and Poverty Reduction : The Case of Albania

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Dabalen, Andrew
dc.contributor.author
Kilic, Talip
dc.contributor.author
Wane, Waly
dc.date.accessioned
2012-05-22T19:21:44Z
dc.date.available
2012-05-22T19:21:44Z
dc.date.issued
2008-11
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-14T04:16:05Z
dc.description.abstract
In 1993, in response to persistent unemployment, and rising poverty and social unrest, the government of Albania introduced an anti-poverty program, namely Ndihma Ekonomike; in 1995 it was extended to all poor households. This paper estimates the separate effects of participation in this income support program and the old-age pension program on objective and subjective measures of household poverty. The analysis uses the nationally representative Albanian Living Standards Measurement Surveys carried out in 2002 and 2005. Using propensity score matching methods, the paper finds that Ndihma Ekonomike households, particularly urban residents, have lower per capita consumption and are more likely to be discontented with their lives, financial situation, and consumption levels than their matched comparators. In contrast, households receiving pensions are not significantly different from their matched comparators in reference to the same set of outcomes. The paper finds that the negative impact of Ndihma Ekonomike participation on welfare is driven by a negative labor supply response among work-eligible individuals. This negative labor response is larger among women and urban residents. In contrast to Ndihma Ekonomike, the receipt of old-age pension income transfers does not significantly impact the labor supply of prime-age individuals living in pension households
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/11/10033308/social-transfers-labor-supply-poverty-reduction-case-albania
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6316
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper; No. 4783
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO CREDIT
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTION
dc.subject
ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS
dc.subject
AGE CATEGORIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subject
APPLICATION PROCESS
dc.subject
AVERAGE BENEFIT
dc.subject
BASIC NEEDS
dc.subject
CALCULATIONS
dc.subject
CASH TRANSFERS
dc.subject
CHRONIC DISEASE
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY HEALTH
dc.subject
COMMUNITY SERVICES
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTION RATE
dc.subject
CONTRIBUTIONS
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DISABILITY
dc.subject
DISABILITY BENEFITS
dc.subject
DISABLED
dc.subject
DOWNWARD BIAS
dc.subject
DRUG ABUSE
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
EARNINGS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject
EDUCATION LEVELS
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
EMPLOYER
dc.subject
EMPLOYERS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GENERATION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OFFICE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
dc.subject
EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
EXTENDED FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY LABOR
dc.subject
FARMER
dc.subject
FEMALE LABOR
dc.subject
FEMALE WORKERS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SITUATION
dc.subject
FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITIES
dc.subject
HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HOME VISITS
dc.subject
HOSPITAL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD POVERTY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WORK
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
IMMOVABLE PROPERTIES
dc.subject
INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME SOURCES
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAM
dc.subject
INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
INCOME TAX
dc.subject
INCOME TAX CREDIT
dc.subject
INCOMES
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INFORMAL SECTOR
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
INVESTMENT SCHEMES
dc.subject
JOB CREATION
dc.subject
JOB SEARCH
dc.subject
JOB TENURE
dc.subject
JOB TRAINING
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
LABOR DEMAND
dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR OFFICE
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LAID-OFF WORKERS
dc.subject
LAND REGISTRATION
dc.subject
LEVEL OF CONTRIBUTIONS
dc.subject
LEVELS OF RISK
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOCAL AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
LOW INCOME
dc.subject
MARRIED COUPLES
dc.subject
MATERNITY BENEFITS
dc.subject
MEDICAL TREATMENT
dc.subject
MINIMUM PENSION
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGES
dc.subject
NEW JOBS
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
OLD AGE
dc.subject
OLD-AGE
dc.subject
PAYING JOB
dc.subject
PENSION
dc.subject
PENSION CONTRIBUTION
dc.subject
PENSION FUND
dc.subject
PENSION INCOME
dc.subject
PENSION RIGHTS
dc.subject
PENSION TRANSFER
dc.subject
PENSION TRANSFERS
dc.subject
PENSIONER
dc.subject
PENSIONERS
dc.subject
PENSIONS
dc.subject
PERMANENT JOB
dc.subject
PERSISTENT UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
POVERTY LEVELS
dc.subject
POVERTY RATE
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PRICE CONTROLS
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRIVATE PROPERTY
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS
dc.subject
PRIVATIZATION
dc.subject
PROBABILITIES
dc.subject
PROBABILITY
dc.subject
PROBIT REGRESSION
dc.subject
PROBIT REGRESSIONS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
PROGRAM ADMINISTRATORS
dc.subject
PROGRAM ASSIGNMENT
dc.subject
PROGRAM BENEFICIARIES
dc.subject
PROGRAM COST
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROPERTY OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
PUBLIC ECONOMICS
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
QUESTIONNAIRE
dc.subject
RECEIPT
dc.subject
RECEIPTS
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
RETIREMENT
dc.subject
RETIREMENT AGE
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL LABOR
dc.subject
RURAL WORKERS
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SALARIES
dc.subject
SALARY
dc.subject
SALE
dc.subject
SCHOOL STUDENTS
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
SELF-RELIANCE
dc.subject
SINGLE MOTHERS
dc.subject
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
dc.subject
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL INSURANCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICE
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SOCIAL UNREST
dc.subject
SOURCES OF INCOME
dc.subject
STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
TRAINING COURSES
dc.subject
TRAINING PROGRAM
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYED JOB SEEKERS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
dc.subject
UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCE
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN WOMEN
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
WAGE DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
WAGE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WELFARE PROGRAMS
dc.subject
WELFARE RECIPIENTS
dc.subject
WELFARE REFORM
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
WORKING AGE
dc.subject
WORKING-AGE POPULATION
dc.subject
YEARS OF SERVICE
dc.title
Social Transfers, Labor Supply and Poverty Reduction : The Case of Albania
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/11/10033308/social-transfers-labor-supply-poverty-reduction-case-albania
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-4783
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20081118160755
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10033308
okr.identifier.report
WPS4783
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/11/18/000158349_20081118160755/Rendered/PDF/WPS4783.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Albania
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.theme
Human development :: Health system performance
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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