Justice for Forests : Improving Criminal Justice Efforts to Combat Illegal Logging

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collection.link.335
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/32463
collection.name.335
World Bank Studies
dc.contributor.author
Goncalves, Marilyne Pereira
dc.contributor.author
Panjer, Melissa
dc.contributor.author
Greenberg, Theodore S.
dc.contributor.author
Magrath, William B.
dc.date.accessioned
2012-04-27T07:41:41Z
dc.date.available
2012-04-27T07:41:41Z
dc.date.issued
2012-03-14
dc.date.lastModified
2020-04-06T06:08:42Z
dc.description.abstract
Every two seconds, across the world, an area of forest the size of a football field is clear-cut by illegal loggers. In some countries, up to 90 percent of all the logging taking place is illegal. Estimates suggest that this criminal activity generates approximately US$10-15 billion annually worldwide funds that are unregulated, untaxed, and often remain in the hands of organized criminal gangs. Thus far, domestic and international efforts to curb forest crimes have focused on preventative actions, but they have had little or no significant impact. While prevention is an essential part of enforcement efforts to tackle illegal logging, it has not halted the rapid disappearance of the world's old-growth trees. New ideas and strategies are needed to preserve what is left of forests. This paper suggests that current practice be combined with a more targeted, punitive approach, through more effective use of the criminal justice system. It argues that the criminal justice system should form an integral part of any balanced and organized strategy for fighting forest crime. This strategy should include initiatives to enhance the efficiency of criminal justice in combating illegal logging that is, the investigation, prosecution, and conviction of cases, as well as the confiscation of the proceeds of criminal activity. These initiatives should be deployed in parallel with preventive programs, and the two approaches should complement and reinforce each other. The criminal justice system has been used in the fight against illegal logging, but only in very sporadic instances and in limited and ineffective ways. Moreover, in those few cases, it has tended to target low-level criminals whose involvement in illegal logging is due to poverty. As such, it has created no real deterrent and has encouraged skeptics to further discount the relevance of criminal justice methods. The objective of this paper is to inform policy makers and forestry and law enforcement actors how they can use the criminal justice system in fighting illegal logging. It seeks to mobilize them to take action and address the various criminal acts involved in illegal logging operations. The paper puts forward practical suggestions that can be implemented to achieve a tangible improvement in this fight. Rather than focusing on a single element of the criminal justice system, it provides a broad overview of the topic. Future papers may provide an opportunity to flesh out further detail.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/03/15966880/justice-forests-improving-criminal-justice-efforts-combat-illegal-logging
dc.identifier.isbn
978-0-8213-8978-2
dc.identifier.other
10.1596/978-0-8213-8978-2
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/6011
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
World Bank Study
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ABUSE
dc.subject
ACTIVE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
ADVOCACY
dc.subject
AMAZON RAINFOREST
dc.subject
ANIMALS
dc.subject
ANTI-CORRUPTION
dc.subject
ARMED FORCES
dc.subject
ARSON
dc.subject
ASSETS
dc.subject
BANK FRAUD
dc.subject
BANKS
dc.subject
BEARS
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
BRIBERY OF FOREIGN PUBLIC OFFICIALS
dc.subject
BRIBES
dc.subject
CASH TRANSACTIONS
dc.subject
CIVIL LAW
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COLLAPSE
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
CONVICTION
dc.subject
CORRUPT
dc.subject
CORRUPT OFFICIALS
dc.subject
CORRUPT PRACTICES
dc.subject
CORRUPTION
dc.subject
COURT
dc.subject
CREEK
dc.subject
CRIME
dc.subject
CRIMINAL
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTS
dc.subject
CRIMINAL CASES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL CODES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION
dc.subject
CRIMINAL JUSTICE
dc.subject
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
dc.subject
CRIMINAL LAWS
dc.subject
CRIMINAL LIABILITY
dc.subject
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
dc.subject
CRIMINAL SANCTIONS
dc.subject
CRIMINAL STATUTES
dc.subject
CRIMINALITY
dc.subject
CRIMINALS
dc.subject
CRONIES
dc.subject
CUSTODY
dc.subject
CUSTOMS DUTIES
dc.subject
CUSTOMS OFFICIALS
dc.subject
DEALERS
dc.subject
DEATH THREATS
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE
dc.subject
EMBEZZLEMENT
dc.subject
ENCROACHMENT
dc.subject
ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
dc.subject
ENFORCEMENT AGENCY
dc.subject
EU
dc.subject
EXPORT DUTIES
dc.subject
EXTORTION
dc.subject
FAUNA
dc.subject
FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE UNITS
dc.subject
FLORA
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST CERTIFICATION
dc.subject
FOREST LAW
dc.subject
FOREST LAW ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
FOREST MONITORING
dc.subject
FOREST OFFICERS
dc.subject
FOREST PROTECTION
dc.subject
FOREST RANGERS
dc.subject
FOREST RESOURCES
dc.subject
FOREST SECTOR
dc.subject
FORESTRY POLICY
dc.subject
FORESTRY SECTOR
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
FORGERY
dc.subject
FRAUD
dc.subject
GANGS
dc.subject
GOVERNANCE REFORM
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
dc.subject
HARASSMENT
dc.subject
ILLEGAL HARVESTING
dc.subject
ILLEGAL LOGGERS
dc.subject
ILLEGAL LOGGING
dc.subject
ILLEGAL LOGGING OPERATIONS
dc.subject
ILLEGAL TIMBER
dc.subject
IMPRISONMENT
dc.subject
INITIATIVE
dc.subject
INJURY
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTEGRITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL LAW
dc.subject
INVESTIGATING MAGISTRATE
dc.subject
INVESTIGATION
dc.subject
INVESTIGATOR
dc.subject
JAIL
dc.subject
JUDGE
dc.subject
JUDICIARY
dc.subject
JUSTICE
dc.subject
KIDNAPPING
dc.subject
LAW ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LAWYER
dc.subject
LEGAL ENTITIES
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LEGISLATION
dc.subject
LOGGING COMPANIES
dc.subject
LOGGING COMPANY
dc.subject
LOGS
dc.subject
MAFIA
dc.subject
MINISTER
dc.subject
MISAPPROPRIATION
dc.subject
MONEY LAUNDERING
dc.subject
MURDER
dc.subject
MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
NATIONAL LAW
dc.subject
NATIONAL LAWS
dc.subject
NATIONAL PARK
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
NOTARIES
dc.subject
OFFENDER
dc.subject
OFFENSE
dc.subject
ORGANIZED CRIME
dc.subject
PASSIVE BRIBERY
dc.subject
PENALTIES
dc.subject
PENALTY
dc.subject
PERPETRATORS
dc.subject
POACHING
dc.subject
POLICE
dc.subject
POLICE OFFICERS
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL
dc.subject
PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT
dc.subject
PRIORITIES
dc.subject
PRISON
dc.subject
PROSECUTION
dc.subject
PROSECUTOR
dc.subject
PUBLIC FUNDS
dc.subject
PUBLIC OFFICIAL
dc.subject
PUNISHMENT
dc.subject
RAW TIMBER
dc.subject
REMEDIES
dc.subject
REMEDY
dc.subject
RESERVES
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
RULE OF LAW
dc.subject
SHIPS
dc.subject
SMUGGLING
dc.subject
SPECIES
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
TERRORISM
dc.subject
THEFT
dc.subject
TIMBER
dc.subject
TIMBER COMPANIES
dc.subject
TIMBER HARVESTING
dc.subject
TIMBER SMUGGLING
dc.subject
TRAFFICKING
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TREE
dc.subject
TRIAL
dc.subject
UNDERCOVER OPERATIONS
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
VIOLENT CRIMES
dc.subject
WEAPONS
dc.subject
WIFE
dc.subject
WILDLIFE
dc.subject
WILDLIFE LAWS
dc.subject
WILDLIFE POACHING
dc.subject
WILDLIFE TRADE
dc.subject
WILL
dc.title
Justice for Forests : Improving Criminal Justice Efforts to Combat Illegal Logging
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.date.disclosure
2012-03-21
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/03/15966880/justice-forests-improving-criminal-justice-efforts-combat-illegal-logging
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-0-8213-8978-2
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000386194_20120323015059
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
15966880
okr.identifier.report
67619
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/03/23/000386194_20120323015059/Rendered/PDF/676190PUB0EPI0067882B09780821389782.pdf
en
okr.statistics.combined
2307
okr.statistics.dr
139031468337139570
okr.topic
Social Development :: Crime and Society
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Law
okr.topic
Corruption and Anticorruption Law
okr.topic
Public Sector Corruption and Anticorruption Measures
okr.topic
Environment :: Wildlife Resources
okr.topic
Public Sector Development
okr.topic
Law and Development
okr.unit
Financial Market Integrity (FFSFI)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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