Family Systems, Political systems, and Asia’s ‘Missing Girls’ : The Construction of Son Preference and Its Unraveling

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Das Gupta, Monica
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T19:14:20Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T19:14:20Z
dc.date.issued
2009-12-01
dc.description.abstract
Son preference is known to be found in certain types of cultures, that is patrilineal cultures. But what explains the fact that China, South Korea, and Northwest India manifest such extreme child sex ratios compared with other patrilineal societies? This paper argues that what makes these societies unique is that their pre-modern political and administrative systems used patrilineages to organize and administer their citizens. The interplay of culture, state, and political processes generated uniquely rigid patriliny and son preference. The paper also argues that the advent of the modern state in these settings has unraveled the underpinnings of the rigid patrilineal rules, and unleashed a variety of forces that reduce son preference. Firstly, the modern state has powerful tools for incorporating and managing its citizenry, rendering patrilineages a threat rather than an asset for the state. Secondly, the modern state has brought in political, social, and legal reforms aimed to challenge traditional social hierarchies, including the age and gender hierarchies of the kinship system. Thirdly, industrialization and urbanization have ushered in new modes of social organization, which reduce the hold of clans and lineages. Studies of the impact of the media suggest that states can accelerate the resultant decline in son preference, through media efforts to help parents perceive that daughters can now be as valuable as sons.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/4341
dc.language
English
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5148
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO LAND
dc.subject
ACCESS TO RESOURCES
dc.subject
ADULT WOMEN
dc.subject
ADULTS
dc.subject
AFTERLIFE
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
ALLIANCES
dc.subject
AUTONOMY
dc.subject
BIRTH ORDER
dc.subject
BREADWINNER
dc.subject
CAPITALISM
dc.subject
CENSUSES
dc.subject
CHILD CUSTODY
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject
CHILD MARRIAGE
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILDBEARING
dc.subject
CITIES
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
CIVILIZATION
dc.subject
CLAN
dc.subject
COMMON PROPERTY
dc.subject
COURT
dc.subject
COURTS
dc.subject
CULTURES
dc.subject
CUSTOMARY LAW
dc.subject
CUSTOMARY PRACTICE
dc.subject
DAILY LIFE
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHY
dc.subject
DESCENT
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DIFFERENTIALS IN MORTALITY
dc.subject
DISCOURSE
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DIVISION OF PROPERTY
dc.subject
DIVORCE
dc.subject
DIVORCED WOMEN
dc.subject
DOMESTIC SPHERE
dc.subject
DOWRIES
dc.subject
DOWRY
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESOURCES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RIGHTS
dc.subject
EITHER SEX
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
ELDERLY WOMEN
dc.subject
ENDOGAMY
dc.subject
EQUAL RIGHTS
dc.subject
EQUALITY OF MEN
dc.subject
ETHNIC IDENTITY
dc.subject
ETHNICITY
dc.subject
ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDIES
dc.subject
ETHNOGRAPHIES
dc.subject
EXCESS MORTALITY
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY COMPOSITION
dc.subject
FAMILY FORMS
dc.subject
FAMILY HEALTH
dc.subject
FAMILY INCOME
dc.subject
FAMILY LAW
dc.subject
FAMILY LAWS
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
FAMILY STRUCTURE
dc.subject
FATHERS
dc.subject
FEMALE
dc.subject
FEMALE INFANTICIDE
dc.subject
FEMALE MORTALITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY DECLINE
dc.subject
FOLKLORE
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
GENDER BIAS
dc.subject
GENDER DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
GENDER DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
GENDER EQUALITY
dc.subject
GENDER EQUITY
dc.subject
GENDER HIERARCHIES
dc.subject
GENDER INEQUITIES
dc.subject
GENDER PREFERENCE
dc.subject
GENDER RELATIONS
dc.subject
GENDER ROLES
dc.subject
GENEALOGY
dc.subject
GENERATIONS
dc.subject
HEAD OF THE FAMILY
dc.subject
HOME
dc.subject
HOMES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
HOUSES
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUNTING
dc.subject
HUSBAND
dc.subject
HUSBANDS
dc.subject
ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN
dc.subject
ILLNESS
dc.subject
IMAGES OF WOMEN
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
INCEST
dc.subject
INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
INEQUALITIES
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INHERITANCE
dc.subject
ISLAMIC LAW
dc.subject
JOURNAL OF MARRIAGE
dc.subject
JOURNAL OF WOMEN
dc.subject
KINSHIP
dc.subject
KINSHIP STRUCTURE
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEGAL CHANGES
dc.subject
LEGAL ENTITIES
dc.subject
LEGAL REFORMS
dc.subject
LEGAL RIGHTS
dc.subject
LOCAL COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
dc.subject
LOCAL POPULATION
dc.subject
LOCAL POPULATIONS
dc.subject
MARRIAGE LAW
dc.subject
MARRIAGES
dc.subject
MARRIED COUPLES
dc.subject
MARRIED MEN
dc.subject
MARRIED WOMAN
dc.subject
MARRIED WOMEN
dc.subject
MASS MEDIA
dc.subject
MEDICAL SERVICES
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MODERNIZATION
dc.subject
MORTALITY AMONG INFANTS
dc.subject
MOTHER
dc.subject
MURDERS OF WOMEN
dc.subject
NUMBER OF GIRLS
dc.subject
OFFENDERS
dc.subject
OLD AGE
dc.subject
OLD SYSTEM
dc.subject
PARENTHOOD
dc.subject
PARENTS
dc.subject
PATRIARCHY
dc.subject
PEACE
dc.subject
PENSION
dc.subject
PERSONAL LIVES
dc.subject
PHILOSOPHY
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POLITICAL INSTABILITY
dc.subject
POLITICAL POWER
dc.subject
POLITICAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
POLYANDRY
dc.subject
POPULAR CULTURE
dc.subject
POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POPULATION CENSUSES
dc.subject
POPULATION DIVISION
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION STUDIES
dc.subject
PREFERENCE FOR SONS
dc.subject
PRENATAL SEX SELECTION
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
PUBLIC LIFE
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SPHERE
dc.subject
RADIO
dc.subject
RELIGION
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
dc.subject
RESIDENCE
dc.subject
RIGHT OF REFUSAL
dc.subject
RITES
dc.subject
RITUAL
dc.subject
RITUALS
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RURAL WOMEN
dc.subject
SANCTIONS
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SEX DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
SEX OF THE CHILD
dc.subject
SEX PREFERENCE
dc.subject
SEX RATIO
dc.subject
SEX RATIOS
dc.subject
SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION
dc.subject
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
dc.subject
SOCIAL CHANGE
dc.subject
SOCIAL CLASS
dc.subject
SOCIAL CONTROL
dc.subject
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
dc.subject
SOCIAL NORMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE
dc.subject
SOCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
SOCIAL STATUS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
SOCIAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SOCIETIES
dc.subject
SOCIETY
dc.subject
SOCIOLOGY
dc.subject
SON PREFERENCE
dc.subject
STATE POLICIES
dc.subject
SYMBOLS
dc.subject
TELEVISION
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
TV
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS
dc.subject
UNMARRIED WOMAN
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN WOMEN
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
VILLAGES
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WARS
dc.subject
WIFE
dc.subject
WILL
dc.subject
WIVES
dc.subject
WOMAN
dc.subject
WOMEN'S STATUS
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION
dc.subject
YOUNG COUPLE
dc.subject
YOUNG GIRLS
dc.subject
YOUNG WOMEN
dc.title
Family Systems, Political systems, and Asia’s ‘Missing Girls’ : The Construction of Son Preference and Its Unraveling
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20091203173119
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5148
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20091203173119
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
11456454
okr.identifier.report
WPS5148
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/12/03/000158349_20091203173119/Rendered/PDF/WPS5148.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.theme
Human development :: Health system performance
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Law
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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