Enhanced Financial Mechanisms for Post 2012 Mitigation

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Figueres, Christiana
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dc.contributor.author
Streck, Charlotte
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dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T19:11:42Z
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dc.date.available
2012-03-19T19:11:42Z
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dc.date.issued
2009-07-01
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dc.description.abstract
Despite the many calls to reform the CDM, its conceptual underpinnings are strong and it will most likely survive in the post-2012 climate regime. Some modifications may be considered in the short term to strengthen the effectiveness and transparency of the mechanism without modifying the Marrakesh Accords. In the medium term substantially increased mitigation efforts in developing countries may require a combination of three possible financial mechanisms: the current activity-based CDM albeit improved, a second market mechanism that would seek to improve the long term emission trends of developing countries by promoting broad based emission reduction programs primarily in the private sector, and a third financial mechanism outside of the market which would be an incentive for the adoption of policy changes leading to a low carbon path, but where emission reductions would not be used as international offsets.
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/4200
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dc.language
English
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5008
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dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
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dc.subject
ABATEMENT
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dc.subject
ABATEMENT POTENTIAL
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dc.subject
ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES
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dc.subject
ALUMINUM
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dc.subject
ALUMINUM PRODUCERS
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ANNUAL EMISSIONS
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ASSESSMENT PROCESS
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BASELINE EMISSION
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BASELINE EMISSIONS
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dc.subject
CALCULATION
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dc.subject
CARBON
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dc.subject
CARBON CREDIT
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CARBON CREDITING
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CARBON CREDITS
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CARBON DIOXIDE
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CARBON EMISSIONS
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CARBON FINANCE
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CARBON INTENSITY
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CARBON MARKETS
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CARBON PRICE
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CERTIFIED EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS
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CERTIFIED PROJECT ACTIVITY
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dc.subject
CH4
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CHEMICALS
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CLEAN AIR
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CLEAN DEVELOPMENT
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CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM
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dc.subject
CLEAN ENERGY
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dc.subject
CLIMATE
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CLIMATE CHANGE
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CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
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dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION POLICIES
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CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES
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CLIMATE PROTECTION
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dc.subject
CO
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CO2
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COAL
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COAL MINING
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COMPLIANCE COSTS
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CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
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COST ABATEMENT OPPORTUNITIES
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COSTS OF COMPLIANCE
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CUMULATIVE EMISSIONS
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DECISION MAKING
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DEFORESTATION
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DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
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DOMESTIC EMISSIONS
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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
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ECONOMIC GROWTH
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ECONOMICS
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ELECTRICITY
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ELECTRICITY SECTOR
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EMISSION
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EMISSION FACTOR
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EMISSION INTENSITY
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EMISSION LEVELS
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EMISSION LIMITATION
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EMISSION PATHS
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EMISSION REDUCING
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EMISSION REDUCTION
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EMISSION REDUCTION COMMITMENTS
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EMISSION REDUCTION MARKET
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EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAMS
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EMISSION REDUCTION UNITS
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EMISSION REDUCTIONS
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EMISSION RIGHTS
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dc.subject
EMISSION TARGETS
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EMISSION TRADING
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EMISSION TRAJECTORIES
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EMISSIONS
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EMISSIONS ABATEMENT
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EMISSIONS BASELINE
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EMISSIONS REGULATIONS
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EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
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ENERGY CONSUMPTION
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ENERGY DEMAND
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ENERGY EFFICIENCY
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ENERGY INTENSITY
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ENERGY INTENSIVE
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ENERGY PRODUCTION
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ENVIRONMENTAL
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ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
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ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRITY
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FINANCIAL RESOURCES
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FOREST MANAGEMENT
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FORESTRY
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FOSSIL FUEL
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FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
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FUEL SWITCH
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FUEL TYPE
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GLOBAL CARBON EMISSIONS
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GLOBAL CARBON MARKET
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GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
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GLOBAL EMISSION
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GLOBAL EMISSION REDUCTIONS
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GLOBAL EMISSIONS
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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACILITY
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GLOBAL WARMING
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GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL
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GREENHOUSE
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GREENHOUSE GAS
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GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
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GWP
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HFC23
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HFCS
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HYDROFLUOROCARBONS
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INCOME
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INDUSTRIAL ENERGY
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INDUSTRIAL GAS
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INDUSTRIAL GASES
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INDUSTRIAL GASSES
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INFLATION
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IPCC
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IRON
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JOINT IMPLEMENTATION
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LANDFILL
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LANDFILL GAS
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LANDFILLS
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LEGISLATION
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LEVEL OF EMISSIONS
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MARKET MECHANISM
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MEMBER STATES
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METHANE
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METHANE CAPTURE
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MINES
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MITIGATION ACTIONS
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MITIGATION POTENTIAL
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MONTREAL
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MONTREAL PROTOCOL
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N2O
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NITROUS OXIDE
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dc.subject
OIL
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PERFLUOROCARBON
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PFC
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PFCS
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POLICY DECISIONS
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POWER PLANT
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POWER PLANTS
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PRODUCERS
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PROPERTY RIGHTS
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RECYCLING
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REDUCING EMISSIONS
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REDUCTION OF EMISSIONS
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REGIONAL EMISSIONS
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RENEWABLE ENERGY
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dc.subject
RIVERS
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SF6
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SILVER
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STABILIZATION
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SULPHUR
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
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SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
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TRADABLE CARBON
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TRADABLE EMISSION
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TRANSFER OF EMISSION REDUCTIONS
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UNEP
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VALIDATION STAGE
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VOLUNTARY BASIS
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VOLUNTARY COMMITMENTS
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WASTE
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dc.title
Enhanced Financial Mechanisms for Post 2012 Mitigation
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20090721082047
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okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5008
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okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20090721082047
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10844689
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okr.identifier.report
WPS5008
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okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/07/21/000158349_20090721082047/Rendered/PDF/WPS5008.pdf
en_US
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
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okr.region.administrative
The World Region
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okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
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okr.volume
1 of 1
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